Kritika

Articles from Vol. 8, No. 2, Spring

Casting Workers as an Estate in Late Imperial Russia
Did the tsarist regime in its hectic career after 1861 arrive at a coherent strategy on its working class? Soviet historiography claimed that it did, but it consisted of the repression of workers' movements, complemented by the bribery of welfare,...
Citing the Archival Revolution
The citation of archival materials rarely serves its major purpose as a means of verification. The vast majority of scholars, no matter how seriously they are engaging a work of history, will not hop on a plane or even a Metro car to check the documents...
Daniel Field (1938-2006)
Daniel Field died of a heart attack on 5 October 2006 while on vacation with his wife in Italy. He was 68 years old and a professor of history emeritus at Syracuse University. He received his B.A. from Harvard College in 1959 and his Ph.D. from Harvard...
Secular Power and the Archbishops of Novgorod before the Muscovite Conquest
Novgorod the Great was one of medieval Europe's preeminent cities. It stood apart from the other cities and towns of medieval Rus' because of its "special political order and the de facto autonomy of its church administration." (1) Instead of a local...
Soviet Society, Social Structure, and Everyday Life: Major Frameworks Reconsidered
This is a good time to be a social historian. The linguistic turn has thoroughly discredited any attempt to see politics and culture as mere surface phenomena of deeper social transformations and thus freed social history from unnecessary reductionism....
Stratification without Class
I read Mark Edele's text with great pleasure for the simple reason that it does not place the different generations of scholars at odds with one another, but instead insists on their continuity. Less concerned with revision at all cost, the piece in...
Transgressive Sanctity: The Abrek in Chechen Culture
After the surrender of Imam Shamil in 1859, North Caucasian mountaineers were faced with the problem of developing new modes of expressing their cultural and political aspirations. As the promise of independent statehood offered by the imamate faded...