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Kritika

Articles from Vol. 10, No. 4, Fall

Against Falsification, and a Changing of the Guard
The ongoing political and ideological reorientation in Vladimir Putin and Dmitrii Medvedev's Russia should come as little surprise to historians, for it fits only too well into the deep patterns of Russian and Soviet history. But after more than three...
A New Short Course? A. V. Filippov and the Russian State's Search for a "Usable Past"
History textbooks have long played an unusually political role in Russo-Soviet society, serving as a mechanism for indoctrination from above and a metaphor for authoritarian heavy-handedness for those below. If texts by N. M. Karamzin and D. I. Ilovaiskii...
Illusionary Spoils: Soviet Attitudes toward American Cinema during the Early Cold War
At any stage of the Cold War, Soviet film culture was inevitably influenced by the political and ideological content of the conflict and by fluctuations in its course. Soviet films represented confrontation with the West with various degrees of directness,...
Normalizing Russia, Legitimizing Putin
Judging from commentaries in Russian oppositional press and Western media portrayals of The History of Russia, 1945-2008: A Teacher's Handbook, by Aleksandr Vasil'evich Filippov et al., one would expect that this book glorifies Stalin and exonerates...
Richard Hellie (1937-2009)
The only time [Pliny the Elder] took from his work was for his bath.... When traveling he felt free from other responsibilities to give every minute to work.... For the same reason, too, he used to be carried about Rome in a chair. I can remember how...
Russia and the Baltic Countries: Recent Russian-Language Literature
Nikolai Bugai, ed., Narody stran Baltii v usloviiakh stalinizma (1940-e-1950-e gody): Dokumentirovannaia istoriia [The Peoples of the Baltic Countries under Stalinism (1940s-50s): A Documented History]. 304 pp. Stuttgart: ibidem, 2005. ISBN 3898215253....
"Strange People" in the Politburo: Institutional Problems and the Human Factor in the Economic Collapse of the Soviet Empire
Egor Gaidar, Gibel' imperii: Uroki imperii dlia sovremennoi Rossii [Collapse of an Empire: Lessons of the Empire for Modern Russia]. 448 pp. Moscow: ROSSPEN, 2006. ISBN 5824307598. To the chagrin of Egor Gaidar's many admirers among the liberal...
The Enemy, the Communist, and Ideological Closure in Soviet Cinema on the Eve of the Great Terror (the Peasants and the Party Card)
The figure of the contemporaneous internal enemy was an integral part of Soviet cinema throughout the 1930s. This figure was novel--Soviet cinema in the 1920s found little material in a Soviet reality dominated by the New Economic Policy (NEP) to warrant...
The Filippov Syndrome
In Russia, people have traditionally known textbooks by the names of their author or authors, rather than by their titles. Some people studied history according to Karamzin and others Kliuchevskii, some according to Pokrovskii and others Shestakov....
The Fruits of a Bourgeois Education
I studied Russian history in school in the 1950s; my son studied it with my help in the 1970s, and my grandson in the 2000s. I attended St. Petersburg State University in the 1960s and have taught there since 1972. My experience tells me that the textbook...
Writing about the Cinema of the Stalin Years: The State of the Art
Scholars of the first decades of Soviet cinema have conventionally broken their study down into sub-periods marked both by developments in the film industry and by political change. The year 1924 saw both Lenin's death and the restoration of the film...