Kritika

Articles from Vol. 12, No. 4, Fall

Bringing the Provinces into Focus: Subnational Spaces in the Recent Historiography of Russia
The picture on the next page is clearly that of a provincial city, but what is it that tells us so? Is it the skyline, or lack thereof?. The two-story architecture, which yet so evidently proclaims itself as part of the historical core? Or is it the...
Explaining and Interpreting the End of Soviet Rule
The dissolution of the Soviet Union was a world-historical event. Understanding rare events is notoriously difficult. What is it a case of? With what should it be compared? How can it be explained? My approach to these questions is grounded in my disciplinary...
Interview with Professor Alter L'vovich Litvin: (Department of History, Kazan State Federal University)
Alter L'vovich Lirvin is a distinguished historian who began his career teaching in a secondary school in Kazan but later joined the faculty at Kazan State University (KGU, KU), where he continues to lecture and train graduate students. (1) A gifted...
Lived Orthodoxy and Confessional Diversity: The Last Decade on Religion in Modern Russia
A decade ago in these pages, Gregory Freeze critiqued the historiography of religion since the fall of the USSR, remarking that it had "done little to illuminate the meaning of Orthodoxy in modern Russian society and culture." (1) Ten years on the...
Mountain Last Judgment and Rural Apocalypse: Patterns of Imagery
John-Paul Himka, Last Judgment Iconography in the Carpathians. 368 pp., illus. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2009. ISBN-13 978-0802098092. $75.00. Gleb Markelov and Arina Bil'diug, eds., Litsevye apokalipsisy Russkogo Severa: Rukopisi XVII-XIX...
Muscovy and Its Mythologies: Pre-Petrine History in the Past Decade
In their search for an "authentic" Russian identity that is not beholden to communism or to the "West," the leaders in Moscow have settled upon--the 17th century. The holiday of the Great October Socialist Revolution on 7 November has been replaced...
New Directions in Military History, 1900-1950: Questions of Total War and Colonial War
In this essay I survey some, though by no means all, recent publications and projects in the military history of Russia and the Soviet Union in the first half of the 20th century. The major wars of the Soviet and Russian army since World War II--the...
Nicholas V. Riasanovsky (1923-2011)
Mark Bassin Nicholas Riasanovsky was a remarkable scholar, but in a very particular way. Unlike his Berkeley colleague Reginald Zelnik, he was not outgoingly charismatic; and unlike his other colleague Martin Malia he did not regularly mesmerize...
Power, Sainthood, and the Art of Myth
Pierre Gonneau, A l'aube de la Russie muscovite: Serge de Radonege et Andre Roublev. Legendes et images (XIVe-XVIIe siecles) (At the Dawn of Muscovite Russia: Sergius of Radonezh and Andrei Rublev. Legends and Images [14th-17th Centuries]). 357 pp.,...
Rulers and Ruled, 1700-1917
The assignment to write a historiographical article on "Rulers and Ruled" in Russia led me to reflect on a vital aspect of Russian history, arguably one of the most significant paradigms of our view on the Russian past. The lessons of the traditional...
Russia and Early Modern European Medicine
Sandra Cavallo and David Gentilcore, eds., Spaces, Objects, and Identities in Early Modern Italian Medicine. 136 pp. Oxford: Blackwell, 2008. ISBN 1405180404. $34.95. Sabine Dumschat, Auslandische Mediziner im Moskauer Russland (Foreign Doctors...
Russian Intellectual History since 1991: Overcoming the Left-Right Divide
In 1991, the fall of the Soviet Union raised hopes that a new era was about to begin, not only in former Soviet countries, but in the world at large. Many anticipated that the dismantling of the political system in the East would open up the possibility...
Ten Years after the "Remarkable Decade"
In the spring of 2001, a still youthful Kritika reflected on the "remarkable decade" since the fall of communism. Back then, such an exercise in historiographical retrospection required absolutely no apology. The 1990s had indeed been exciting times;...
The Implications of Transnationalism
When Kritika published a special issue in 2001 on the state of the field ten years after the end of communism, it was logical to include a reassessment of the October Revolution and two pieces on the rapidly developing investigation of the Stalin period....
The Post-Stalin Era: De-Stalinization, Daily Life, and Dissent
In the first decade after the opening of the Soviet archives, scholars' focus-both east and west of where the "iron curtain" once hung--largely centered on the most dramatic and violent period of Soviet history: the 1930s. Groundbreaking studies of...
What Is Asia to Us? Scholarship on the Tsarist "East" since the 1990s
It was 1997, and the editors of a new collection on the history of the Russian "Orient" were excited. For years they had been forced to make do with published sources or whatever materials their archival handlers would allow them to see in Moscow and...