Kritika

Articles from Vol. 9, No. 1, Winter

Circulation of Knowledge and the Russian Locale
On 26 May 2006, at the Centre d'etudes des mondes russe, caucasien et centre-europeen in Paris, a symposium titled "Circulation of Knowledge and the History of the Human Sciences in Russia and the USSR" opened with a frisson of excitement. This was...
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Circulation, Transfers, Isolation
How does knowledge circulate and information spread? Should we think of science as universal and global or as national? These issues lie at the heart of the debates over science and colonialism, over the nature and character of the social sciences...
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European, National, and (Anti-)Imperial: The Formation of Academic Oriental Studies in Late Tsarist and Early Soviet Russia
This article focuses on the circulation of knowledge within the discipline of Oriental Studies in Russia and in Europe from the 1880s to the late 1920s. In this period, two processes, closely intertwined but vectored in opposite directions, shaped...
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Free Labor-Forced Labor: An Uncertain Boundary? the Circulation of Economic Ideas between Russia and Europe from the 18th to the Mid-19th Century
From the 18th century down to our own time, comparisons between the economies of Russia and the major European countries have formed part of a wider debate about "backwardness." The goal has been to create a comparative scale to account for both economic...
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History in Russia Comes of Age: Institution-Building, Cosmopolitanism, and Theoretical Debates among Historians in Late Imperial Russia
In the late 1880s, Russian historiography entered a period of rapid change. This is well-known to both Western and Russian historians and requires no further demonstration. (1) It was also the post factum perception of contemporaries. The St. Petersburg...
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Journees D'etudes Internationales
The "human sciences," which encompass the social sciences and humanities, are a category that allows for consideration of disciplines frequently separated in today's scholarly landscape. Historically, they very much belong together; the human sciences...
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Nikolai Kharuzin and the Quest for a Universal Human Science: Anthropological Evolutionism and the Russian Ethnographic Tradition, 1885-1900
In 1890, the prominent literary historian Aleksandr Pypin published the first volume of his major study on the history of Russian ethnography. It was a formidable undertaking: by the time publication was complete in 1893, the work had stretched to...
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Russia Learns to Write: Slavistics, Politics, and the Struggle to Redefine Empire in the Early 20th Century
At the end of the 19th century, a group of language specialists--philologists, Slavists, Orientalists--participated in the birth of modern linguistics. In retrospect, as Roman Jakobson has shown, these changes occurred not just in Geneva (where Ferdinand...
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The Concept of Ethnogenesis in Central Asia: Political Context and Institutional Mediators (1940-50)
The Stalin era is traditionally identified with the "return" of Russian nationalism, which was denigrated by the Bolshevik regime in its early years but later became an increasingly important element of its official discourse in relation both to the...
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The Use of Western Concepts in Post-Soviet Philosophy: Translation and Reception
Is "Circulation" the Same Thing as "Vzaimoobmen" (Mutual Exchange)? Let's start with a small comment on translation. The word "circulation" used in the French and English versions of our colloquium's title ("Circulation du savoir et histoire des...
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