Forum on Public Policy: A Journal of the Oxford Round Table

Articles from Spring

Achieving Student Success in a Regional Public Alternative School Setting through a Consequence-Based Model
Introduction Adolescents have always presented unique challenges for therapists. What teenager doesn't have angst that sometimes makes it difficult for parents, teachers, and school administrators to separate those who need intervention from those...
A Global Response to the U.S. Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA) and the Annual Trafficking in Person's Report (TIP) of 2006
Introduction In this age of growing global independence and democracy, it seems unbelievable that slavery, bondage, and trafficking of human beings could exist at all, much less on the scale that it does. Not only does it exist, but also it appears...
A Historical Review of Research Findings regarding the Adjustment of U.S. Children to Divorce
A Historical Review of Research Findings Regarding the Adjustment of U.S. Children to Divorce Since the end of World War 11, the ecological environment of the family has undergone significant changes especially in the United States (Amato 1997;...
A Proposed Model for Defining Common Ground between Science and Religion
Is There Hope for Common Ground? From the very beginnings of written history, mankind has pondered the mysterious nature of his own origins. In the Book of Psalms, King David poetically questions, "When I consider your heavens, the work of your...
Authoritarianism and Resistance to Diversity in the American South
Introduction Politics in the American South evidences both change and continuity in the 21st century. The overriding change is the shift of many Southern whites out of the Democratic Party and into the Republican Party (Black and Black 1987, 2002;...
A View from the Pew: Religion and Science from a Pastoral Perspective
Introduction Now the eleven disciples went to Galilee, to the mountain to which Jesus had directed them. When they saw him, they worshiped him; but some doubted. And Jesus came and said to them, "All authority in heaven and on earth has...
Barbed Wire Enclosed Spaces and Places: Elites, Ethnic Tensions and Public Policy
Introduction Jeff Faux opens his engaging book, The Global Class War, with a dazzling story that tells us a great deal about the compelling power of elites. In 1993, Faux had a lively conversation with a corporate lobbyist in the corridors of the...
Diversity: The Windows of Opportunity in Overcoming the Academic Achievement Gap between African-American and White Students and in Overcoming Racially Discriminatory Myths of African American Students in Public Education
Introduction The educational opportunities afforded all African-American students since the Brown v. Board of Education decision of 1954 should have assisted in placing African-American students academically on par with their White counterparts....
Dominican-American Writers: Hybridity and Ambivalence
Introduction Dominican immigration to the United States, and more specifically to New York City, should be considered within the context of the peripheral migration towards the hegemonic centers of the so-called First World. According to lain Chambers,...
Early Childhood Education: The Promise, the Challenges
Introduction Studies which focus on early childhood programs in the United States have highlighted the benefits for students who participate in these programs. Some of these programs include Head Start, the Perry Preschool Project, the Prenatal...
Education vs. Training in the Twenty First Century
Introduction The philosophy of education and the pedagogy of schooling over the past three centuries have been in a state of constant flux. As we enter the 21st century, the age old debate between religious education pundits and those who advocate...
Ethics of Stem-Cell Research: A Framework for Ethical Dialogue regarding Sources of Conflict
Introduction One need hardly point out that Darwin's (1859) "Origin" produced controversy from its first appearance. Equally obvious is the fact that, however much value scientists place on evolutionary theory as an explanatory mechanism, the theory...
From Bacon to Bush (Vannevar, Not G.W.): Common Ground between Useful Knowledge and Red Brick Institutions
Introduction Historically speaking, connections between useful knowledge and red brick institutions were advocated by Sir Francis Bacon (1561-1626) as early as 1620 in his Novum organon. The text and the title were originally written in the language...
From Epistemological Dissension to Purposeful Accommodation: The Pursuit of Truth in Academia in the Light of the Religion and Science Debate
Introduction Personal belief systems (which include the more or less compatible notions of personal presuppositions, preconceptions or perception of reality) drive everything: from science to religion, through politics and the economy. An adequate...
From Latin Americans to Latinos: Latin American Immigration in US: The Unwanted Children
"Migration is a one way trip. There is no "home" to go back to". Stuart Hall (1) "Minorities and majorities emerge explicitly in the process of developing ideas of number, representation, and electoral franchise in places affected by the democratic...
Globalization and Its Effect on National Security
Introduction There has been much criticism, complaint, argument, and finding fault with national policies of past and present. That is easy to do. But the past cannot be changed. It can only be taken as lessons for the future, which can be changed....
Globalization and Migration in the 21st Century: Looking Back into the Future
Introduction The aim of this paper is to critically analyze the interconnectedness of migration and globalization. By focusing on Chinese migrations this study will identify and elucidate migration forms and patterns within differing cultural and...
Internationalizing Women's Rights: Travel Narratives and Identity Formation
Introduction In the last ten years, the number of women writing travel narratives has increased dramatically. Contemporary women's popular travel writing produces a modern, hybrid narrative that melds travel writing with the genre of the bildungsroman...
Many Types of Creativity Are Evolutionary Processes
Introduction The body of this paper, which I wrote before reading Richard Dawkins' book, The Selfish Gene, describes a universal theory of creativity that includes Dawkins' view of the emergence of life on earth and its evolution to the current...
Meeting the Demand for TESL/TEFL Teachers: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Increasing Program Accessibility and Effectiveness
1. Introduction The expansion of English as a world language combined with globalization and immigration trends have resulted in a need for new and innovative ways to deal with the increasing demand for trained professionals to work with English...
Mobilizing Social Capital for Food Security and Poverty Reduction to Overcome Religious and Ethnic Hostility: A Preliminary Community Based Approach
Need: The Existential Problem Two existential changes noticeable in contemporary Nigerian societal behavior provided the impetus for this intervention in poverty reduction and food security through grant writing. The first noticeable change is the...
Montessori vs. Traditional Education in the Public Sector: Seeking Appropriate Comparisons of Academic Achievement
Introduction The Montessori Method has long received consideration as an alternative to traditional educational practices. Interest was initiated in the early part of the twentieth century when Dr. Maria Montessori, an Italian physician, disclosed...
Nation-Building in an Inner-City Neighborhood: The Importance of Knowing Your History
"Drivers see only pavement when they cruise past the junction of Olson Memorial Highway and Interstate 94 in north Minneapolis today. I knew that spot when it was the wild corner of Sixth and Lyndale Avenues North. It was the one place in otherwise...
Postnationalism, Globalization and the "Post-Mexican Condition" in Roger Bartra
Introduction In Imagined Communities, Benedict Anderson stresses the importance of journeys, or colonial pilgrimages, in the transformation from the colonial state to the nation state (1991, 114-115). A similar process continues to this day with...
Relationship between Self-Image and Attitudes about Working with Other Races
Relationship between Self-image and Attitudes about Working with Members of Other Racial Groups The workforce is becoming increasingly diverse and often employees find themselves working with persons demographically dissimilar to themselves, e....
Secular Humanism vs. Religion? the Liberal Democratic Education Tradition and the Battle over Vouchers in the USA
Introduction The purpose of this study is to explore what have been the historic tensions between public education and religion, not exhaustively, but strategically, as these tensions become polarizing debates which in turn relate to the politics...
'Speak Our Language ... Abide by Our Philosophy': Language & Cultural Assimilation at a U.S. Midwestern High School
In a pluralistic nation such as ours, the function of government should be to foster and support the similarities that unite us, rather than institutionalize the differences that divide us. ProEnglish (http://www.proenglish.org/main/gen-info.htm)...
State and Race in the Brazilian Empire
Introduction The role of the state in the process of nation-building is now being recognized as essential at the structural level in order to understand how states are formed and organized in a reciprocal relationship with society's socioeconomic...
Stumbling over a Worldview: Understanding the Root and Meaning of the Controversy between Science and Religion
Introduction The term "worldview" comes from the German: Weltanschauung, meaning "a view of life." (1) A personal, scientific or even a professional worldview provides one with a perception or a framework through which an individual, or an entire...
Supporting Diversity and Internationalization through Transformative Learning Experiences
Introduction A national task force reviewed numerous empirical studies and compiled twelve principles to achieve and improve campus climate for diversity (1). Four of the 12 principles dealt specifically with faculty and pedagogy and hold great...
The Evolution of Religious Freedom
Introduction The terrorist attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001, the bombings in Madrid on March 11, 2004, the murder of the Dutch filmmaker Theo van Gogh on November 7, 2004, and the bombings in London on July 7, 2005 were all carried...
The Future of Vouchers as Educational Reform, Political Strategy, Economic Solution, and Public Policy in the United States
Introduction School vouchers have not been proposed in a vacuum. Those who advocate vouchers, and those who oppose them, do so within a larger context of educational reform. The purpose of this policy research study is to examine that environment,...
The Influence of Politics on Education and Religion: How Much Is Too Much?
Introduction Hegel's dialectic (1) provides a model for examining the fracturing that occurs when politics begins to exert influence over education and religion. The Dialectic suggests that the current model, or thesis, will inevitably lead to a...
The Patriotic-Pragmatic Argument: A Politically Feasible Case for Affirmative Action
Introduction The United States of America embarked on an ambitious effort to eliminate job market discrimination in the 1960's. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 made discrimination in employment illegal and established the Equal Employment...
The Racist American Eugenics Program: A Crime against Humanity
Introduction The story of the American eugenics program (or "good breeding" movement) has been a history of lies, deception, evasion, and racism. But the eugenics movement did happen. It was not some abstract idea, or theoretical measure. Quite...
Through a Cultural Lens, Darkly: Revelations on Adaptability, Perspectives, and Applications for Language Teacher Education
Introduction If language acquisition implies understanding of cultural perspectives, practices, and ideas with the ability to respond appropriately and flexibly in varying contexts (Doughty & Long, 2003), then we must see the importance of preparing...
Transmigration: Encountering "Others" in Today's Pluralistic Nations
Introduction For many, the term "migration" calls to mind those great movements of people that have occurred between nations. One thinks of examples such as some nine million Africans being shipped as slaves to the Americas between the 17th and...
Two Patterns of Migration (Nigeria and the United States): Race, Ethnicity, and the Politics of Immigration
Introduction The investigation of contemporary patterns of migration undertaken here, assumes a rather limited focus on two modern societies that are at once alike in their heterogeneous configurations, and radically dissimilar in their social composition...
Well Facilitated Shoptalk as Democratic Professional Development for Teachers of English Language Learners
Introduction A democratic theory of education, according to Amy Gutmann, "makes a democratic virtue out of our inevitable disagreement over educational problems." She explained that "the democratic virtue, too simply stated, is that we can publicly...
When Minorities Are the Majority/ a Challenge to Desegregation, the Challenge for Public Education (Minneapolis, a Case Study)
Introduction Fifty years after the U.S. Supreme Court held in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, (1) that state-sanctioned racial segregation in public schools was unconstitutional the children in America's urban school districts continue...
Why Pedagogy Matters: The Importance of Teaching in a Standards-Based Environment
Introduction Teaching and learning are complex processes. Throughout history, society has looked for better ways to educate children. Americans are still struggling with that fundamental issue, particularly in light of our diverse population and...
Women's Quest for Rights: African Feminist Theory in Fiction
Introduction If African women of the twentieth century should stop and think when the "rain started beating us" quoting Chinua Achebe's popularized proverb, it will be when the men galloped away, enveloped as they were in the colonialists' new culture...