Forum on Public Policy: A Journal of the Oxford Round Table

Articles from Summer

A–T T–Y
A Comparative Analysis of the Influence of High Stakes Testing Mandates in the Elementary School
The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, sponsored by President George W. Bush, calls for 100 percent proficiency in reading and mathematics by 2014. This Federal mandate has caused all public schools in the United States to examine the programs in use...
A Consideration of Tenure and Its Effect on Women Faculty Members: A Proposal for Increasing Parity between Men and Women on College Campuses
Introduction The 1960s are memorable for many reasons, including the emergence of the women's rights movement, which gained full momentum during that era. (1) Notwithstanding the years since then, and notwithstanding the Civil Rights Act of 1964,...
Affirmative Action, the Academy and Compromised Standards: Does Affirmative Action Lower Standards in University Hiring, Tenure and Promotion?
Affirmative Action and the Academy: Have standards been lowered? The literature opposed to affirmative action in hiring, granting tenure and promotion in the university claims that it lowers standards. However, anecdotal evidence suggests that in...
Agricultural Trade Liberalization and Human Rights: Economic Analysis for Poverty Reduction in LDCs-A Survey
I. Introduction People in the least developed countries have the right to a higher standard of living in exchange for their labor. However, there are many obstacles to alleviating poverty. Trade theory has shown that international trade can expand...
Alienated Neighbours: Interpreting the Cronulla Race Riots for Christ's Sake
Introduction: Casing Cronulla: The media headlines had carried expressions of 'bad blood', 'hate' and 'revenge raids'. The reports testified to incidents of assault, smashed shops, wrecked cars, mobs of young men armed with guns and crowbars, and...
Alignment in Teacher Education and Distribution of Leadership: An Example concerning Learning Study
Introduction: Leadership in society In this presentation three critical aspects of education are lifted forward: the aspects of distribution of professional leadership, of alignment in learning and of research close to practices. The aim is to exemplify...
"Ancient Wisdom" to "Supreme Fiction": Ideas of God in the Poetry of H.D. and Wallace Stevens
Introduction As searchers in a 20th century of world war and social upheaval, the American modernist poets H.D. (Hilda Doolittle) and Wallace Stevens revised poetry's visionary tradition for a skeptical era by re-imagining the idea of God. The visionary...
A Policy for Sustainability of Low Volume Traffic Roads in an Australian Context
Introduction The contribution of a road network to sustainability implies consideration of externalities beyond the usual engineering considerations of maintaining a durable system of sufficient capacity. In a geologically old country, such as Australia,...
Apply Deming's Methods to K-12 Curriculum and Improve Student Achievement
Apply Deming's Methods to K--12 Curriculum and Improve Student Achievement The problem is at the policy level and its correction must start there. Present policy is defeating its own purpose of improving schools After almost three full decades...
Are State and National Standards Leaving the Advanced Learners Behind? the Crisis Ahead
Introduction The genesis of the standards movement occurred when critics heralded the famous "A Nation At Risk" (National Commission on Excellence in Education, 1983) report claiming the educational system in the United States of America was at...
A Tragic Optimism: The Existential Vacuum and God in the Poetic Vision
Introduction And though the last lights off the black West went Oh, morning, at the brown brink eastward, springs-- Because the Holy Ghost over the bent World broods with warm breast and with ah! bright wings. (1) --Gerard Manley Hopkins...
A Worldly View for Preventing Tragedies in Periods of Paradigm Shift: Reviewing the Thoughts of Shan-Tao and Kitaro Nishida
Introduction At the present time, the world is confronted with a variety of crises: various frictions caused by economical globalism, widespread destruction of the environment in universal proportions despite advances in science, and unbelievable...
Beyond Insanity: Creating All Male Classrooms and Schools as a Policy Option in the Portfolio of Local School Districts
I. Introduction A. The Issue Albert Einstein observed that it is insanity to believe that you can travel the same path and get a different result. The simple truth is that American public schools work less well for males in general and are an...
Bildung and Moral Self-Cultivation in Higher Education: What Does It Mean and How Can It Be Achieved?
One of the most fundamental questions that can be asked about education is what it is for. Why do we need education? Which are its most fundamental purposes? The most obvious and generally accepted answer is that education aims at providing students...
Biliteracy and the Attainment of Sustainable Development in Multilingual Nigeria
Introduction Nigeria with a population of over 120 million is the most populated country in Africa. With more than 450 ethnic groups speaking over 390 different languages, Nigeria thus has language diversity which makes bilingualism/multilingualism...
Blending Assessment with Standards-Based Instruction as an Approach to Adding Equity to No Child Left Behind (NCLB)
Introduction The international emphasis on improving educational outcomes for elementary and secondary learners in public schools has taken different forms. However, there are common elements. Some have been driven by initiatives that are political...
Bringing the Two Cultures Together through A World of Light and Color
Introduction Fifty years ago, C.P Snow delivered his lecture, The Two Cultures and the Scientific Revolution, in which he spoke at length of the mistrust and differences between scientists and literary intellectuals. As a well-respected Cambridge...
Building an International Conscience: Great Britain and the Atlantic Slave Trade
William Wilberforce wept. The crusade to end the British slave trade that had required so much effort from Wilberforce, Thomas Clarkson and other members of the Society for the Abolition of the Slave Trade over the past twenty years was at long last...
Can Universities Survive the 21st Century?
Introduction Universities worldwide are facing a number of apparently contradictory and competing pressures ranging from under funding and increased demand to the very nature of universities and their roles in society. Once, universities were the...
Central America Central Bank: Proposal of Monetary Integration of Central America
Introduction: Forces of Integration Arguably no period of history has exemplified such a high level of economic integration between countries as the current period. This trend toward world integration is the result of nations desiring free trade,...
Child Poverty and Education Attainment Disparity in the State of Alabama, USA (1990-2006)
1. Introduction: Since the 1990s, Alabama's development policy has emphasized job-creation and the importance of education to individual productivity, economic well being and poverty alleviation. At the same time, the state has pursued initiatives...
Climate Change and Sustainability: Connecting Atmospheric, Ocean and Climate Science with Public Literacy
Introduction Climate has changed throughout Earth's history, sometimes slowly, sometimes abruptly. An example of a slow change is a movement of tectonic plates, while an example of an abrupt change is a volcanic eruption. Organisms have either adapted...
Commodification of Knowledge in Developing Economy: The Case of the University of Botswana
Introduction The growing interest in the commercial viability of knowledge amongst academic knowledge producers is of particular significance to universities because they routinely engage in the enterprising and production of knowledge in the form...
Complexity and the Universe of Education
Introductory Vignette While teaching in a public school, I had a teacher aide (TA) working with me in my so-called "bilingual classroom." So-called because the emphasis was not on bilingualism but on learning English as a Second Language (ESL) at...
Consequences of Trade Liberalization in Integration Groups Created by the Russian Federation
1. Introduction. The main processes shaping the scope and character of contemporary international relations are those related to regional integration and globalization. Due to the growing internationalization of economic processes and the constantly...
Correlation of Affect, Verbal Commitment, Knowledge, Locus of Control and Attitude to Environmentally Responsible Behavior in Designers of the Built Environment: Is Knowledge Enough?
Introduction The U.S. Energy Information Administration reports that buildings are responsible for nearly half (48%) of all greenhouse gas emissions annually. Seventy-six percent of all electricity generated by US power plants goes to supply the...
Cosmopoetics and Politics: Were Those "Unacknowledged Legislators of the World" Actually Women?
I begin with Virginia Woolfs "As a woman I have no country. As a woman I want no country. As a woman my country is the whole world." (1) In A Room of One's Own, Woolf theorizes that "we think back through our [literary] mothers, if we are women." (2)...
Creating Change in the Large Urban Public Schools of the United States
Introduction The United States prides itself on providing an opportunity for the poor to improve their circumstances by taking advantage of a public education. However, over the last several decades minority groups, particularly Hispanic, Native-,...
Creator and Fallen Angel: The Christian Atheism of Mark Twain
I have been on the verge of being an angel all my life, but it's never happened yet. --Mark Twain (Wit and Wisdom) The writings of Mark Twain range from humor to heresy. They are witty, wise, sardonic and satirical. Influenced by Darwin and Freud,...
Dead Men Walking: Soviet Elite Cemeteries and Social Control
Two friends meet "How are you? " One of them asks. His friend answers: "I am upset. My dream was to be buried at the Novodevichiy cemetery but it seems impossible to get a burial plot there. " His friend promises to help and offered to meet in two...
Developing Social Resilience Amidst Climate Change and Global Insecurity: Finding Peaceful Pathways to the Future
Introduction Today the fabric of earth's civilization is being challenged by the random forces of climate change. As far as we know from recorded history never before has there been as many people living on earth to face these ominous forces. But...
Discounting the Value of Federal Fencing and Minutemen Watching Illegal Immigrants Crossing the U. S.-Mexican Border
Introduction Just as President George W. Bush, Jr. proclaimed "Mission Accomplished" in a large banner displayed behind him as he stood aboard a warship and announced that the Iraq war was over, so did he declare the success of border fencing and...
Double Interpretation of History and "The War of the Monuments": Estonia's Case I
The War of the Monuments: Estonian Case II See page 9 "Monument is the permanent structure, building, erections, etc made at the place to mark the memory of a historical event, action, place or person, etc" (1) Introduction Monument to the...
Dr. Benjamin Franklin-Embodiment of the Two Cultures: How His Example Continues to Be Relevant in Today's World
Introduction Dr. Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790) was an American genius phenomenally successful as scientist, literary writer, civic leader and diplomat. As one of the most resourceful persons in history he is a counter example to the image of the...
Embracing the Stranger: Hispanics, American Christianity, and Immigration
Introduction In 2000 a book entitled The Gift of the Stranger: Faith, Hospitality, and Foreign Language Learning was widely read by Christian instructors of foreign languages. The authors argued that the work of a foreign language instructor in...
Enhancing the Learning Proficiency of Students in Higher Education
Introduction Higher education is facing world-wide a number of major problems. Firstly, universities have to adjust to larger and more heterogeneous populations than in the past. Secondly, in tertiary education in many European countries the output...
Evaluation of Post-Kyoto Frameworks Focusing on Sector-Based Approaches and National Numerical Targets
1. Introduction Since the fourth assessment report of IPCC was published in 2007, worldwide concern on global warming has been escalating unprecedentedly. Response strategies to climate change were raised as the most important issue also in the...
Everyone but Rizzo: Using the Arts to Transform Communities
Everyone But Rizzo: Using The Arts To Transform Communities The topic of our meeting has intrigued me personally for many years, going back to my undergraduate days in the Viet Nam War era. My double major of religion and political science should...
Evolution of Priorities in Higher Education and R&D in the European Union: Case of Poland
After joining the European Union, many aspects of economic and social development are changing in Poland. Change is necessary in many areas, including the areas of research and education and their links to practice as it is broadly understood practice....
Evolution, Religion, and Race: Critical Thinking and the Public Good
I. Critical Thinking, Religion, and Race: Why Critical Thinking Matters It is the intention of this paper to address certain issues concerning the relation between science, religion, and the public good. These relations are often discussed without...
Expedited Citizenship for Immigrant Soldiers: Tribute or Bounty?
The post 9/11 era has been marked by heightened anti-immigrant sentiment in the United States as revealed by a 2006 survey conducted by the Pew Research Center (1) in which 53% of the public said they believed illegal immigrants should be mandated...
Fairer Trade & the Human Right to Development-A Perfect Match or Misconceived Twins
1. Introduction The discussion of and debate on 'social issues' during the Uruguay Round (1986-93) of the GATT/WTO negotiations highlighted the potential impact of trade liberalisation on certain human rights (e.g. labour standards, environment...
Fear, Flight, Frustration and Dedicated Service: A Brief History of International Disease Control Activities, 1918-2008
Introduction What role does studying the history of epidemics play in enhancing our understanding of nations and empires? Similarly, how do health threats fit in traditional diplomatic history or policy making? Is health security a national or an...
Flannery O'Connor's Quest
Flannery O'Connor's fiction, written in the mid-twentieth century, depicts grotesque characters who are hard of hearing and almost spiritually blind. Consequently, violence is often used to foster their spirituality. In Mystery and Manners, O'Connor...
Genocide and Reconciliation in Rwanda: From Complicity to Credibility
Introduction The world stood by and did nothing for one hundred days from April to July 1994. At that time Rwanda was one of the poorest countries in the world on a par with my wife's adopted homeland of Haiti. Drought and war diminished food production...
Gentrification: The New Colonialism in the Modern Era
Introduction Within the last fifty years, gentrification has become a serious concern in numerous cities, particularly in North America. While the noted British sociologist Ruth Glass coined the term to describe how the middle class "invaded" former...
George Eliot's Enthusiastic Bachelors: Topical Fictional Accounts of Nineteenth-Century Homoerotic Christian Masculinities and the Manhood Question
Introduction British bachelors have traditionally represented an oddly compelling nonconformity. Nineteenth-century English writers continued an ambivalent yet consistent interest in these "unmarried men of marriageable age" (Oxford English Dictionary)...
God of Our Yankees: The Evolution of God in Robert Frost
Introduction Coming to England to talk about Frost's poetry qualifies as a gesture that is both imitative and historic considering that Robert Frost moved to England--bringing his wife and four young children--in hope of launching his career as...
Habitat Restoration: An Aspect of Sustainable Management
Introduction The city of Christchurch, New Zealand is located on the eastern side of the South Island and has a population of around 340,000 (2006). It is not widely known that New Zealand was the last significant temperate land mass to be peopled,...
Heaven in a Grain of Sand'-Patrick White's Contemporary Vision
It should be emphasised at the outset that Patrick White, so far, Australia's only native-born Nobel Prize winning novelist should not be too narrowly categorised as a "religious" writer .His works have a magisterial breadth and range of theme that...
Historical Impact of Race and Ethnicity upon Immigration in the United States: Theoretical Perspectives and the Application to Contemporary Latinos
I. Introduction Since humans first appeared on the earth in large numbers, immigration (1) by them from one place to another place has occurred. (2) Biologists confirm that human beings emerged first in Africa and began to migrate from Africa about...
Human Rights-The Road Ahead
Introduction The issue of human rights has assumed great significance in the context of international trade off late. WTO principles seem to have interfered in numerous instances as in the case of right to health in the Thai Cigarettes case, the...
Improving Campus Sustainability: The Authentic Results from Higher Education on Environmental Sustainability, Student Engagement, and Financial Effectiveness
Sustainability at the University of Central Oklahoma In 2001 the University of Central Oklahoma (UCO) faced a bleak future relative to campus infrastructure. HVAC systems had completely crashed in two major campus buildings and the average age of...
Increasing Male Academic Achievement
Introduction Saying that we do not need to understand the brain to be able to teach it, is like saying a physician need not understand the body in order to treat it. Patricia Wolfe (1) The No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001, United States...
Institutionalising Environmental Space at the Global Level
Introduction The notion of environmental space has much to offer to those who wish to advance sustainability and sustainable development. Based on two main principles, the recognition of environmental limits and a strong equity principle, it provides...
Interfaith Dialogue and Salvation: Is There One Heaven in Our Future?
Much of Interfaith Dialogue between Jews, Christians and Muslims rightly concerns those things they have in common. They do all claim to profess belief in the same one God. They all believe that this one God created all things, including human beings...
Introducing Charlotte Mason's Use of Narration
Introduction Research continues to support the need for conscious and sustained language development in children at a very early age. (1) Some of this research even implies that the language use of a two year old is an indicator of how well that...
Invention, Technology, and the GI Bill
I The Age of Invention Thomas Savery, the English military engineer, designed and built a crude and inefficient steam engine around the year 1700 to pump water out of coal mines: his design was a large, sealed, water filled kettle heated externally...
Is the No Child Left Behind Act Adversely Impacting the Academic Performance of Latino Students in the U.S.? Yes, Indeed!
Introduction The United States was founded on the principles of democracy and for over two hundred years, the majority of its citizens have benefited from living in a democratic society. However, there exists a growing number of Americans who are...
John Dewey's Philosophy of History as a Guide to the International Order
Introduction: Francis Fukuyama opened an interesting conversation in 1989 when he wrote an article entitled, "The End of History" that appeared in The National Interest. (1) His thesis was that liberal democracy as a system of government had prevailed...
Language Networks as Complex Systems
Introduction: Why Complex Systems? In our daily lives, we have to run many routines for regular errands, such as putting on clothes in the morning, brushing teeth before breakfast, and tying shoe laces prior to leaving the house. If you think much...
Literature and Ethos of Public Space: Is There a Heaven Space for the Woman?
Introduction Literature as a creative arts draws her breadth from the society employing the highly skillful manipulation of language as its cloak. Hence, literature is an exploration of experience(s) located in time and space. According to (Brown...
Managing Human Rights and Human Resources: The Dual Responsibility of Global Corporations
At the nexus of global expansion and trade liberalization are humans; their needs, development, and aspirations. Whether local inhabitants of developing nations impacted by global trade, or human resources employed by global corporations to conduct...
Mathematics and Literature: Educators' Perspectives on Utilizing a Reformative Approach to Bridge Two Cultures
Introduction A fairly consistent, predictable way of teaching mathematics prevails in classrooms throughout the United States. Memorization of facts as well as the ability to follow rules, execute procedures, and plug in formulas is lauded, and...
New Problems and Solutions in Basic University Teaching
Introduction During the last 10 years Danish university teaching has been confronted with several new challenges. The classic well known university study tradition established by Immanuel Kant and Wilhelm von Humboldt and introduced in Denmark...
Plant Biotechnology Helps Quest for Sustainability: With Emphasis on Climate Change and Endangered Plants
Introduction It is widely accepted that natural resources, for example, clean drinking water, are limited and the current ways of using them are not sustainable (for example, see Conservation International, 2008). In addition, with the mounting...
Race, Class and Legal Risk in the United States: Youth of Color and Collud Ing Systems of Social Control
Race, Class and Legal Risk: An Overview "All domination is, in the last instance, maintained through social control strategies" (Bonilla-Silva 2001) Youth of color, particularly African American, Latino/a, and American Indian, are particularly...
Remaking the World: Personal Diplomacy of Franklin D. Roosevelt with the Allies during the Second World War
This investigation examines visions, goals and realities facing the Great Powers in rebuilding the states of Europe at the end of the Second World War. The paper proposes to focus on the victorious Allied leaders, in particular Franklin Roosevelt's...
Rethinking Groundwater Supplies in Light of Climate Change: How Can Groundwater Be Sustainablly Managed While Preparing for Water Shortages, Increased Demand, and Resource Depletion?
Signals that a World Water Crisis is Developing The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has noted, in increasingly strong language, that the water sources (rivers, lakes, and bores/groundwater) humans have relied upon for millennia...
Science and Religion as Concepts: A History
Preamble My emphasis will be on science and religion in Christianity and Islam, on the history as well as the present-day situation, and on the Muslim world and the West. I will start with the present day, to try to establish the political context...
September 11th Aftermath Changes Traditional Sioux Movement Patterns
Introduction This paper will look at the movement and settlement patterns of the Mdwankanton Dakota focusing on the Lower Sioux, Mystic Lake and Prairie Island groups. I will first look at the larger Dakota and Lakota settlement patterns from the...
Social Science and Religion: Epistemology, Metaphysics and Considerations of the Public Good
Introduction Recently there has been much publicised debate over the 'God is dead' issue, featuring Richard Dawkins (2006), Christopher Hitchins (2007), Sam Harris (2007) and others, but at least in the social sciences this is not the nub of the...
State Building in the Government of Tang Taizong
"When one uses a bronze mirror, one can adjust the clothes and cap; when one uses the ancients as a mirror, one comprehends the rise and fall [of a state], and when one uses a person as a mirror [i.e. a remonstrator], one sees one's success and missteps....
Status of Modern Science and Religion
A. Science today and the future Scientific discoveries and inventions over the past century alone have transformed the lives of humans to a new standard never witnessed in human history. Along with the increased convenience and overall quality of...
Stepping out of the Third Wave: A Contemporary Black Feminist Paradigm
Introduction: Toward Difference and Consensus Building This essay has a three-fold purpose. First, I define black feminist dialogue. Second, I posit that the 'wave analogy' of historical feminist discourse is both problematic and untenable to past...
Strategic Human Resources and Human Capital Development: Strategies for Managing the 21st Century Workforce
Introduction Organizations today, large or small, public or private, profit or not-for-profit, are faced with the daunting task of managing a "multi-generational" pool of employees. The various generations: Baby Boomers, Baby Busters, Generation...
Sustainability: A Challenge for Domestic Households in Daily Life
Preliminary note In Germany, Home Economics and Nutritional Sciences have existed as study programs since the 1960s; originally, they were established at Agricultural Faculties of Research Universities. The program is still called Oecotrophologie,...
Sustainability of Gaia: A Question of Balance
1. Overview With the mixed publicity in the media related to climate change, the scientifically credible, robust facts are often overshadowed by mixed, contradicting, or plainly wrong stories. This paper, therefore, dispels myths and lays the foundation...
Sustainable Mining through Innovation in Waste Disposal
1. Introduction The World Commission on Environment and Development (1987) headed by G.H. Brundtland defined sustainable development as one that "meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their...
Teenage Suicide Missions: The Role of Religion in the Recruitment of Young Suicide Bombers
Introduction It is difficult to be objective about the chilling practice of teenage suicide bombing. One is repulsed by the numerous video clips of children posing as "holy warriors," appalled when reading reports of a disabled child (possibly with...
The Activity of the Islamic Order Al-Sanusiyah at the Turn of the 19th Century
Ever since the Suez Canal was opened in 1869, North-Eastern Africa and the Middle East have attracted a great deal of attention,. As a consequence of this event the unavoidable process of rivalry has emerged; mainly between France, Great Britain, Italy...
The Agnostic Musings of African American Popular Novelist Frank Garvin Yerby
Born and reared in Augusta Georgia, the heart of the Bible Belt in the American South, Frank Garvin Yerby began his literary career writing black protest fiction in the tradition of Richard Wright, and like many of his contemporaries, he demonstrated...
The Attitude of Liberal Clergymen in Hungary to Politics in 1848/49
Introduction In historical research into the Hungarian Civil Revolution and War of Independence of 1848, there has so far been no interpretation of liberal tendencies in the different Church communities. Marxist historians tended to emphasise the...
The Bail Jurisprudence of Ghana, Namibia, South Africa and Zambia
Part 1: Introduction Topics such as bail jurisprudence more often that not conjure up emotions of security concerns about the "bad guy that must kept off the streets". Most often, we tend to forget about the cardinal principle of the presumption...
The Cleric and the Lady: The Affair of Lady Byron and F.W. Robertson
I thought I knew all the world would ever know about Lady Byron when I heard a rumor while on sabbatical at Oxford University. The rumor was not about her, but about a man who would reveal himself as having been an intimate friend of hers, F.W. Robertson,...
The International Law Commission and State Responsibility: Application of a Comparative Paradigm on Oil and Watercourses
This article covers transboundary issues relating to the aggregate of legal norms derived from international law to determine the extent to which States within the international community may be held responsible under international law for acts that...
The Intersection of School Desegregation and Economic Globalization in America
Introduction Public education in America continues to be view as being worthy of major investments to improve the county's economic position in the world. But quality education for many Americans is still not within their reach (1). Fifty years...
The Link between Human Health and Sustainability
Introduction A little over a decade ago the United Nations commission garnered almost worldwide political consensus on the urgent need for sustainability. Various countries and institutions started to struggle with the same problem, the question...
The Major Influences of the Boundless-Extended Family System on the Professional Experiences of Black Zimbabwean Women Leaders in Higher Education
General Introduction The purpose of this article is to discuss some of the influences of the extended family on the professional experiences of black women leaders working within the higher education sector of Zimbabwe, a southern African nation....
The Moral of Virginia: On Her Majesties' Solemn Obligations to the Virginia Indian Nations
Attending the theme of this conference--"Religion: The Politics of Peace and Conflict"--it may be duly noted that a central tenet of religion has always been morality. Certainly the morality of war weighs heavily today upon our collective societies...
The Private Servant, the Public Servant, and the "Good and Faithful Servant" in Dickens's Our Mutual Friend
Charles Dickens's 1864-65 novel, Our Mutual Friend, has much to say about servitude: household servants, employees of business, servants of the Crown, and the "Lords and Gentlemen and Honorable Boards" whose role is to serve the poor, but who instead...
The Procession of Allusions to God in British Poetry from the Beginning: God's Acts and the Response of Poets
"Let all the world in every corner sing 'My God and King!' George Herbert The human heart enjoys this glorious world and all wonders of nature and mankind, and the mind thinks, "The scope of it is beyond me." "Such knowledge is too wonderful...
The Public Management of Water Resources in South Africa
1. Demographic background Water is a scarce commodity in South Africa, which is regarded as one of the 20 most water scarce countries in the world. (1) Although South Africa is rich in minerals and other natural resources, it has only a few navigable...
The Silence of God in the Modern Catholic Novel: Graham Greene and French Catholic Novelists Adopting a Pascalian Deus Absconditus Perspective on Faith, Truth and Reason
Introduction This paper examines the narrative representation of God in Graham Greene's Catholic novels. On the basis of examples mainly taken from the novel The Power and the Glory (1940) I aim to show that Graham Greene's God is basically a silent...
The Symbiotic Relationship between Liberal Studies and Science
Introduction Coming from a third world University, though rated as one of the best in our clime, I count it an honour to be invited to this edition of the Oxford Round Table to rub minds with you on one of the crucial issues in the front burner...
The Virgin of Guadalupe: Linking the Past and Present by Exploring the Role of Religion in the Cultural Heritage of Mexican Consciousness
When academic experts get together to discuss important issues, in our case immigration, often times the statement "we are preaching to the choir" is uttered several times due to the frustration felt in regard to defining problems, understanding cultural...
The War of the Monuments: Estonian Case II
Introduction While in the case with the Monument of Bronze Soldier relocation (April 2007) the War of the Monuments divided the population on the ethnic grounds in general, in the second case the reasons of the split are far more complicated and...
Towards Energy Sustainability: A Quest of Global Proportions
Introduction Sustainable development is increasingly becoming a goal to which numerous countries throughout the world aspire. Overall sustainability has been defined in many ways, and is often considered to have three distinct components: environmental...
Trade and Declining Worker Rights in Nigeria's Textile Industry: 1997-2006
Introduction This study focuses in particular on textile firms in Kaduna, North Central Nigeria, not only because all the nine textile firms there finally closed down operations in 2007, but also because this was where the first textile firm in...
Trade Liberalization and Human Rights: A Case Study of a Rural Region in Atlantic Canada
Introduction: Globalization, as defined by the United Nations (UN), consists of a multiple, complex and interrelated processes that can have dynamism of their own (OHCHR 2008). UNESCO described globalization, in a similar way, as a multidimensional...