Forum on Public Policy: A Journal of the Oxford Round Table

Articles from Spring

Addiction Treatment in the Era of Translational Medicine
Background: A Brief History of Treatment and More Recent Challenges Modern approaches to the treatment of alcoholism in the United States can be traced to the pioneering work of Drs. William Silkworth and Edward Jellinek, as well as the networking...
Assessing the Consequences for Children and Families When a Parent Has a Problem with Substance Use and Abuse: Considerations for Social Workers and Other Helping Professionals
Introduction "She was a crack ho who did lines on the way to birth me. I am better off where I be than back with her, brud and dad." (1) The intent of this paper is to contribute to scholarship, knowledge and public policy regarding child maltreatment...
Brain Changes in Substance Abuse: Implications for Treatment
Brain Changes in Substance Abuse: Implications for Treatment The plight of the chronic substance abuser lies largely in the fact that chronic abuse of drugs produces profound changes in the brain that appear to be very long lasting, if not permanent....
Contemporary Family Systems Approach to Substance Abuse
Contemporary Family Systems Approach to Substance Abuse This paper will address theoretical and clinical issues that challenge family therapists treating families dealing with substance abuse, specifically alcohol. A contemporary family systems...
Dispelling Myths and Developing a Framework for Reducing the Risk of Alcohol-Exposed Pregnancies
Introduction For many years, society has explored the consequences of substance abuse and remedies for this substantial health and societal problem. One of the potential consequences of substance abuse is fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD)....
Family of Origin Addiction Patterns Amongst Counseling and Psychology Students
Family of Origin Addiction Patterns Amongst Counseling and Psychology Students Many occupational/career theorists believe that many people choose careers that have some relationship to their needs and personalities Herr, Cramer & Niles (2004)....
Motivational Interviewing
Motivational Interviewing (MI) is an evidence-based practice for intentional human behavior change. First described by William Miller in 1983, as a practice to be used in substance abuse, it has now been applied to over 20 problem behaviors and translated...
Paternal Alcoholism: Consequences for Female Children
Literature Review The Brown University Digest of Addiction and Theory Application states in an article entitled, "Adult Children of Alcoholics: Cognitive and Psychomotor Characteristics." "Children of Alcoholics are four times more likely to become...
Selected Beliefs about Alcoholism and Other Addictions Held by Recovering Psychologists
Selected Beliefs about Alcoholism and other Addictions Held by Recovering Psychologists Psychologists and other mental health clinicians often identify and treat addictions in the course of their professional careers. Addictions manifest themselves...
Substance Abuse and the Criminal Law
Introduction The harm that criminal laws against drugs do are frequently, but wrongly blamed on drugs. E.g: "You think drugs don't do harm. Tell that to the widow of the law enforcement officer who was killed while trying to make a drug bust." What...
Substance Abuse Control: How Do We Measure Success?
Introduction According to the former Attorney General of the United States, John Ascroft, law enforcement more doubled their arrest rate for drug offenses between the mid-1980's and 2000 (Anonymous 2001, 2). He stated that tougher federal drug laws...
The Evolutionary Bases of Substance Use and Abuse
Conventional Theories of Substance Use and Abuse The abuse of psychoactive substances is a pattern of maladaptive and self-destructive behavior that, seemingly, offers little or no advantage to the substance user. Traditional explanations (whether...
The Significance of Socio-Political Context on Substance Abuse Risks and Management
Introduction As I sit down to refine this paper with the wisdom of the experience I gained at the Oxford Round Table discussion devoted to this topic in March , 2008, I am even more strongly convinced that as an international community concerned...
You Can Be Anti-Drug and Pro-Reform
"The care of human life and happiness, and not their destruction, is the first and only legitimate object of good government."--Thomas Jefferson Introduction For over a decade Australian illicit drug policies have been subjected to a great deal...