Forum on Public Policy: A Journal of the Oxford Round Table

Articles from Summer

Abrahamic Religions: The Necessity of a New Perspective
Introduction On August 31, 2009, "Ayatollah" Khamenei, the "Supreme Leader" of Islamic Republic of Iran, in a speech he delivered to a group of university professors expressed his unhappiness with the fact that two-third of university students in...
Addressing the Issue of Gender Equity in the Presidency of the University System in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Region
Introduction This paper addresses the issue of gender equity in the presidency of the university system in the Southern African Development Community (SADC). The university president, also referred to as vice chancellor or rector by some public...
A Gender Lens on Pedagogical Choice in Academia: Revisiting Hartlaub and Lancaster's Study on Teaching Methodologies
This paper focuses on the role of gender in faculty choice of teaching methodologies at colleges and universities in North Carolina. We replicate research conducted by Hartlaub and Lancaster who examined pedagogical preference among a national sample...
An Honorable Death? or a Comparative Study of the Awakening by Kate Chopin and Murder Is a Matter of Honor by Rana Husseini with an Emphasis on Gender Inequities
Some daughters are bred to be caretakers, obedient simply for the sake of obedience (2) Introduction Who cares that a woman educates herself? Who cares that a woman chooses to not have children? Why should a woman accept that she is not capable...
Are Women in Information Era Jobs Overcoming Industrial Era Barriers? A Study of the Impact of Organizational Characteristics
Introduction Benefits and barriers for women at work have changed as the business world has evolved from the industrial age into the information era. There are numerous barriers: gender, socio-cultural, organizational and self-imposed barriers,...
Art and Ardor: The Presence of the Divine in the Poetry and Prose of Vladimir Nabokov
Art and Ardor: The Presence of the Divine in Nabokov's Poetry and Prose While Vladimir Nabokov's poetry and criticism is largely unknown and unread, his place in the pantheon of the great English language fiction writers is secure. His masterpieces...
Aurora Leigh and the Portrait of a Lady: A Panorama of Art, Sexuality, and Marriage
Introduction (Historical and Literary Contexts) On October 10, 1839, Queen Victoria, only twenty years of age, recalls waiting on the landing as she watched her future husband, Prince Albert, regally ascend the staircase toward her. The enthralled...
Being, Belonging and Becoming: Some Worldviews of Early Childhood in Contemporary Curricula
Introduction Since the last part of the 20th century, research findings have been increasingly used and cited to support the expansion of early childhood care and education. Indeed, there is now a growing body of evidence which has demonstrated...
Beyond "Opting Out:" Dissecting the Barriers Affecting Women's Entrance and Success in Business
Introduction Women have increasingly made a significant impact on the paid workforce over the past 70 years. But even with increasing female participation rates, the workplace poses distinct challenges for women in remaining permanently employed...
Beyond Realism and Idealism in Foreign Affairs
Beyond Realism and Idealism in Foreign Affairs "The empires of the future will be empires of the mind. " Winston Churchill My intention was to start writing a normally organized academic paper on the topic of Realism versus Idealism in foreign...
Biblical Gender Equality in Christian Academia
Biblical Gender Equality in Christian Academia: In spring 2008 a private evangelical, interdenominational university in Southern California, USA released the findings of the university's two-year gender climate study. While positive findings were...
Bildung-Then and Now in Danish High School and University Teaching and How to Integrate Bildung into Modern University Teaching
INTRODUCTION In pedagogical and didactic literature one usually says that Bildung was defined by the German philosopher Immanuel Kant in 1784 (Kant [26] 1784, Slagstad 2003). In his famous article on being enlightened and educated he emphasized...
Breaking the Gender Barrier
Introduction I used to believe that gender was the issue that held me back from moving forward in my career, Conducting. Conducting has been largely a man's arena. But the old gender conflict represented in the tennis match between Bobbi Riggs vs....
Charles Darwin and the Meaning of Life: Emergence and Inherency in Evolution
Introduction "I see no good reason why the views given in this volume should shock the religious feelings of any one."--Charles Darwin, Origin of the Species 2nd Ed. Yet shocking religious sensibilities was an understatement of the effect of...
Creative and Critical Thinking in the Arts and Sciences: Some Examples of Congruence
Introduction In his landmark 1959 Rede lecture and subsequent publication, physicist Charles Percy Snow expressed concerns over what he saw as a growing rift between scientific and literary scholarly communities (Snow 1959). In the fifty years since...
Discriminatory Rationalization: The Equity/excellence Debate in Canada
Introduction "The history of men's opposition to women's emancipation is more interesting perhaps than the story of that emancipation itself," speculated pioneer feminist critic Virginia Woolf back in 1929 in A Room of One's Own (54). And she noted...
Educating Women Students in the Academy to Confront Gender Discrimination and Contribute to Equity Afterward
Introduction The Oxford Round Table, "Women in the Academy," brought together scholars from a wide range of universities and colleges. Several scholars had studied how their individual institutions had fared in working to bring about changes in...
From Domestic Violence to Sustainable Employment
Introduction Domestic violence is acknowledged as a significant issue within Australia. Current figures suggest that almost a quarter (23%) of women who have been married or in a de facto relationship will report intimate partner violence each year,...
Galileo Revisited: Conflicting Worldviews or Perceived Differences?
Introduction First impressions are so important, so lingering. For instance, people often ask: Can Christianity be trusted to improve the world today despite the ghost of the Crusades and the Inquisition? Can science and religion become partners...
Gendered Inequity in Society and the Academy: Policy Initiatives, Economic Realities and Legal Constraints
Introduction There has been a growing interest in gender inequality in society. In the academy, a microcosm of society, scholars in the social and behavioral sciences have contributed to a cross-section of research pertinent to the topic. They have...
Gender Equity in the University: The Unmet Agenda
Gender Equity in the University: The Unmet Agenda (1) In 1991 a private university (hereafter known as Topside University (2)) in the United States established the University Committee on the Status of Women Faculty and Librarians to identify obstacles...
Gender Inequity in Business Academia: Past and Present
Introduction In 1972 the Congress of the United States passed Title IX which prohibited sexual discrimination in education. Since that time, researchers have been evaluating the progress made to date in the effort to eliminate gender differences...
Gender Pay Equality: The Effectiveness of Federal Statutes and Recent U.S. Supreme Court Decisions
"We shall not be safe until the principle of equal rights is written into the framework of our government." (1) Historical Introduction United States history has laid a solid foundation for the denial of domestic gender equality. Its founding...
Global Environmental Justice beyond Copenhagen: Footprints, Fairness and the Future of the Planet
"The world we have made as a result of the level of thinking we have done thus far creates problems we cannot solve at the same level of thinking at which we created them. " Albert Einstein Introduction The recent debates over the Copenhagen...
God and American Expansionism
Although the United States constitutionally is a secular state, God always has been an integral part of policy. This can be traced back to colonial times when some of the earliest colonies were established for religious reasons. And because the very...
Harriett Beecher Stowe's Abolition Soundtrack in Uncle Tom's Cabin
Introduction In her popular novel, Uncle Tom's Cabin: or Life Among the Lowly (1852), Harriet Beecher Stowe strategically included hymns and hymn singing within the narrative. Hymns appealed to her readers' emotions, fueling their sympathy with...
How Title IX and Proportionality Population Concepts Have Equalized Collegiate Women's Sports Programs with Men's Sports and Allows Spillover Gains for Women in the Workplace
Introduction Universities and colleges across the country debate every year what should happen with men's and women's athletic teams at their institutions of higher learning. The decisions are different in college than they are for high school interscholastic...
Human Development and Public Policy: An Assessment of Marxist Ideologies in India
Introducing the Issues Amiya Bagchi, a former Professor of the renowned Centre for Studies in Social Sciences, has recently become the Director of the Institute of Development Studies in Calcutta. A winner of the prestigious Indian government's...
Italian Futurist Women
Introduction The study of Italian Futurist women was ignored in writings about Futurism, until feminism brought a new focus in the Italian Futurist women. Italian Futurist women are remarkable in history, because they rejected the traditional perceptions...
"I Was Strangely Sexually Excited by How You Stood Your Ground in There": My Auto-Ethnographic Story of Sexual Harassment in Higher Education
Scene I: The King (1) and I With his free hand, he opens the door to the conference room for me. I take my seat at the conference room table next to him, eager to please him with my pages full of edits and my best navy blue suit on, a recent graduation...
Media Gender Stereotypes and Interpretations by Female Generation Y
Introduction The topic for this discourse has simmered for a number of years and was triggered by a class discussion round gender stereotypes and media representations. A class of mainly female, year three university design students were asked to...
Mentoring, Organizational Rank, and Women's Perceptions of Advancement Opportunities in the Workplace
Introduction Over the last few years, a large body of research has been dedicated to the study of mentoring. Literature on mentoring across several different professions suggests that mentoring provides benefits to the mentor, the protege, and the...
Museums and Planetariums: Bridging the Gap between Hawaiian Culture and Astronomy through Informal Education-A Case Study
Introduction One of the major consequences of C. P. Snow's Two Cultures was to bring to the forefront the existence of conflicting cultures (scientists and literary intellectuals) by articulating their differences and initiating a dialog between...
Neo-Neo-Realism: A Note on Contemporary International Relations Theory and Foreign Policy Today
Introduction: Beyond Realism? In the past 30 years scholars of international relations have moved beyond the classic dichotomy of realism and idealism (liberalism), in an attempt to enlarge the theory of international relations. Assiduous analysts...
Reaching Critical Mass: Women in Faculty and Administrative Roles
Introduction In Chemistry and Physics, critical mass is defined as the smallest amount of a fissionable material that will sustain a nuclear chain reaction, or a condition causing an abrupt change in a quality or material property. In recent literature...
Reconciling the Tension between the Tenure and Biological Clocks to Increase the Recruitment and Retention of Women in Academia
Introduction Most entry-level, tenure-track science positions require the completion of a PhD and one or more years of post-doctoral training. Women and men are beginning their academic careers in their late twenties to mid-thirties and then facing...
Resisting Boundaries at Home, on the "Battlefields" of Iraq, and in Literature: The 21st Century Woman Paying the Ultimate Sacrifice
Introduction Despite her small stature, Brigadier General (Retired) Wilma Vaught commands any room she enters, regardless of the size of the audience. Perhaps her confidence and vigor come from the long lists of "firsts" she has achieved in her...
The Arts & Humanities/science & Technology: Historical Bedfellows
Introduction History marks the beginning of sculpture, as occurring during the Paleolithic period around 25-20,000 B.C.E. It was around that same time that we believe human kind first began using stone tools. In the caves of Charvet, Lascaux and...
The Correlations in Intellectual Activity between the Arts and Sciences: Creativity, Construction and Communication
The schism between the arts and the sciences as detailed by C. P. Snow in his 1959 Rede Lecture is based on a perception brought about by the divergence in the intra-practitioner communications methods used by the two categories of intellectual activity,...
The Creative Soul of Emily Bronte: A Study of the Role of Self-Reflective Learning Theory in the Development of a Writing Genius
Introduction Many Bronte researchers have tried to put their own interpretations upon the Bronte novels, characters, settings, poetry, and more. This paper does not seek to interpret, but rather to discover from Emily Bronte's own words any evidence...
The Dea(r)th of Female Presence in Early African Literature: The Depth of Writers' Responsibility
Introduction: There is a sharp contrast between the African first novels set in the past and largely written by men, and contemporary ones, some of which have been authored by women. This contrast has to do with the delineation of women in the novels....
The Experience of Being a Junior Minority Female Faculty Member
Introduction According to the 2010 Almanac of Higher Education (published by the Chronicle of Higher Education), in Fall 2007 there were 703,463 faculty members of all ranks, both tenured/tenure-earning and non-tenure-earning. Of that number only...
The Forgiveness Factor in the Lives of Two Literary Grandmothers
Introduction Both grandmothers have much in common before they abruptly find themselves staring at certain death. For each, her strong-willed nature sets in motion a chain of events through which she daily attacks life in an effort to control her...
The Status of Women at Canadian Universities and the Role of Faculty Unions
Introduction Women undergraduates now comprise more than 50% of students at Canadian universities; women academics, however, have yet to achieve employment and pay equity. Between 1987 and 2007 the proportion of full-time women university teachers...
The Trope of the Mulatta Woman in the Cottage in Nineteenth-Century African American Literature
Introduction In 1853, William Wells Brown publishes what is considered to be the first novel by an African American writer, Clotel; or, the President's Daughter where he introduces the image of the tragic mulatto--a character of mixed heritage who...
To Climb or Not to Climb: The Probing of Self-Imposed Barriers That Delay or Deny Career Aspirations to Be an Administrator in a Public School System
Introduction According to the YWCA (2007) Women's Leadership Initiative, "A career ladder can be climbed in heels." This study examined one aspect of climbing that career ladder: self-imposed barriers of the journey to rise to an administrative...
Women at the Boundaries
Introduction Feminist authors have discussed the intersections between race and gender (1) and the connections between race, gender, and class, (2) as well as multiple intersections. (3) Intersections are examined within the context of the relations...
Women at the Top
Introduction In an era when there is a great deal of discussion around the achievement of equity goals and the perception in some quarters that gender equity is no longer an issue as the "battle for gender equality has been won" (NCW 2007:7), there...
Women Faculty in Higher Education: A Case Study on Gender Bias
Introduction University faculty are involved in a wide array of demanding work including teaching, scholarly activity, and professional service. Houston, Meyer and Paewai (2006) address the complexity of that work in the environment of academia....
Women in Leadership: Persistent Problems or Progress?
Introduction In the world of work, there is a scarcity of women in top leadership. Despite the documented progress of women in the workplace demonstrating that women now hold more that 40% of all managerial positions in the United States, there...
Women in the Academy: Female Leadership in STEM Education and the Evolution of a Mentoring Web
Introduction The words "quiet crisis," "creeping crisis," and "gathering storm" have been used to describe the status of the United States in an increasingly flat world (Friedman 2006; National Academy of Sciences 2006). In The World Is Flat: A...
Women's Career Investment and the Returns: Career Benefits and Barriers in the 21st Century Green Economy
Introduction Women issues and challenges have been at the forefront of history throughout the United States but has affected women living in every country, continent, nation and territory known and unknown to man. How do women then benefit from...
Women Sociological Faculty and Scholarship Success in the Heartland
Women in the Workplace If I ask the following question any semester in any one of my Introduction to Sociology classes: "Are men and women treated equally in American society?" I will get a strong positive vote on the side of national gender equity....
Women, Work and Bondage in Toni Morrison's A Mercy
Introduction: The Early American Landscape A Mercy, set in pre-revolutionary North America explores the possibilities that early settlers would have found upon their arrival in the 17t century. In a place that Morrison has called "ad hoc," a place...