Forum on Public Policy: A Journal of the Oxford Round Table

Articles from Fall

A Longitudinal Study of School Districts' Sustained Improvement
Introduction Few school districts have student success when their demographics are high poverty and diversity (Boyd, Lankford, Loeb, Rockoff, & Wyckoff, 2008; Foorman, Schatschneider, Eakikn, Fletcher, Moats, & Francis, 2006; Hannaway, 2005;...
Are College Rankings an Indicator of Quality Education?
Background A handful of colleges and universities sit as the uncrowned princes of the U.S. system of higher education. With enormous endowments, renowned faculty, and international prestige, there is no question that a comparative handful of institutions--most...
Beyond Ethical Codes: A Call for Critical Thinking in Religious Culture
Introduction The ancient dilemma of discord among many of the great religions of the world may be exemplified in our times by a resurgent Islam and a rising evangelical Christianity. In this essay, I argue that a salient matter feeding many such...
Bildung in a New Context in Danish University Teaching with Some Remarkable Results
The Concept Of Bildung Bildung is a German word. There is no English word for Bildung, but often Bildung is translated as "self-cultivation", "self-formation", or "self-perfection" (Bruford 1975, Bohlin 2008). The German tradition of Bildung goes...
Concealments and Revelations in the Self-Portraits of Female Painters
"Le donne son venute in eccelenza Di ciascun' arte or' hanno posto cura." Ariosto, Orlando Furioso, Canto XX, Stanza 2 This essay provides a general introduction on the nature of female self-portraiture in painting from the sixteenth century to...
Critical Concerns for Oral Communication Education in the United States and the United Kingdom
Introduction An examination of oral communication education in the U.S. and U.K. identified four critical concerns: 1. Today's college students are not getting adequate oral communication education. 2. Oral communication education is being...
Disillusionment with Higher Education in the Middle East and the United States
Disillusionment with Higher Education in the Middle East And the United States Graduation from college for most Middle Easterners and Americans is a cause for celebration. Because of the failure to reform their curricula to be in line with the needs...
Dr. Mary Mcleod Bethune: A Life Devoted to Service
Introduction At the age of four, my mother gave me a personally transformational book. Little Journeys into Storyland written by Louis B. Reynolds in 1949 was a compilation of inspirational and moralistic tales targeted at African American children...
Exporting English Pronunciation from China: The Communication Needs of Young Chinese Scientists as Teachers in Higher Education Abroad
Introduction China has become a major exporter of material goods to the world, particularly to the United States. Whatever the long term social, cultural, and ecological implications of this relationship, on the face of it both China and the U.S....
High School Graduation Rates of Potential First Generation College Students: A Qualitative Case Study
Introduction In an era that emphasizes the need for students to become competitive in a global society as well as earn a college degree, high school graduation rates in the United States are troubling; the National Center for Education Statistics...
History of Women: Women's Contribution to Aviation
Introduction Since the first "manned" flight on December 17, 1903, the arena of flight has almost exclusively consisted of men pilots and, consequently, men aviation educators. Even today, women constitute a very small percentage of the flying realm,...
Just Deserts and Life without Parole for Juveniles: An Iniquitous Law and Policy
Introduction For time immemorial, the criminal justice system treated adult and juvenile offenders the same when punishments had been imposed (Fuller, 2009; Strieb, 1995). For example, in 1792, a Philadelphia official put a 12-year-old boy in jail...
Methodologies for Motivating Student Learning through Personal Connections
Introduction I teach in the areas of abnormal, social, clinical, and physiological/neurological psychology, and through the years I have worked with many of my colleagues in application of this approach, from various disciplines including the empirical...
Muslim-Christian Cooperation and Conflict: Lessons from the Case Study of Lebanon
Introduction Lebanon is a divided society. Although a small country, less than 130 miles long at its furthest north/south axis, it contains an extraordinary plethora of ethnic, religious and sectarian groups. Most broadly, and most importantly for...
"Noblesse Oblige": Pearl Buck's Platonic Conception of Self
"The novelist has a noble function." --Sinclair Lewis "Elizabeth Taylor is not my Imperial Woman." --Pearl Buck I Introduction On Pearl S. Buck, a considerable amount of literary criticism exists exclusively on The Good Earth and Dragon...
Peace among Religions: Hans Kung's Analysis of Christian and Muslim Paradigms of Social Justice in Search of a Global Ethic
Introduction The history of the past decade contains many examples of human suffering and conflict that may fairly be laid at the feet of certain religious people and their understanding of how religion plays a role in their lives. From the tragedy...
Religion, Politics, and American Foreign Policy in the Middle East
I. Introduction: Religion and Politics in the United States In order to understand the relationship between religion and politics in the United States, we must first understand the importance of religion in American life. By every measure, such...
Simone De Beauvoir's Philosophical Sexism: Implications for the Philosophy of Posterity
Introduction In reflecting on the broad theme of the conference, WOMEN IN HISTORY, restructured as TRAITS OF WOMEN IN POWER: A VIEW FROM HISTORY (demanding specifically an articulation of the myriad aspects that enable women rise to leadership positions...
The Dome in Christian and Islamic Sacred Architecture
Introduction The current political climate between the Western and Middle Eastern worlds tends to make us forget what both sides have in common: that we are part of a humanity struggling with the same issues of the human condition. We have the same...
The Grimke Sisters of Charleston, SC: Abolitionist and Feminist Leaders
Introduction The elite white culture of antebellum South Carolina which was the Grimkes' heritage posited a paternalist view of society. The Southern plantation was compared to a family, where a benevolent father cared lovingly for his white and...
The Life Experience of Middle Eastern Immigrant Women to the United States: The Case of Iranian Women in Minnesota
Introduction: Migration of Iranians Since Iranian Revolution of 1979, large group of Iranians migrated to the United States. It estimated that two million Iranians left Iran during the years of 1978-79 (Mohammadi & Mohammadi). According to Bozorgmehr...
Toward a Contemporary Definition of Terrorism
Before the terrorist attacks in the United States on 11 September 2001, the subject of terrorism did not loom large in philosophical discussion.... The attacks of September 11 and their aftermath put terrorism on the philosophical agenda: it is now...