Proceedings: International Symposium for Olympic Research

Articles from October

'Almost the Last American Disciple of Pure Olympic Games Amateurism'-John J. Garland's Tenure on the International Olympic Committee, 1948-1968
During John Jewett Garland's two decades of service on the International Olympic Committee (IOC), voices on the European Continent and some grim-faced American Olympic leaders, warned Garland of the "awful dangers" of rapidly growing professionalism...
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A Long Night's Journey into Day: The Odyssey of the Butterfly Stroke in International Swimming
Twisted literary allusions aside, and with apologies to Eugene O'Neill, the evolution of competitive swimming's most flamboyant stroke took much longer to reach a conclusion than did Odysseus's homeward-bound wanderings recited by Homer in the Odyssey...
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A 'New-Found' Olympic Nation-Newfoundland's Involvement with the Olympic Games, 1904-1934
On February 24, 2006, the Canadian men's curling team competed for Olympic gold in Pinerolo, Italy. The team included two members from the island of Newfoundland, two from Labrador, and one resident of New Brunswick. Across the province of Newfoundland...
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An Olympian Life: Herman Adriaan Van Karnebeek, Dutch IOC Member, a Man for All Seasons
The disastrous social, political, and economic circumstances of World War II resulted in severe uncertainty for the world of international sport, including the affairs of the Modern Olympic Movement. The thirty year post-war period of the Olympic Movement...
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A Persistent Desire: An Account of Buenos Aires' Efforts to Host the Olympic Games
Throughout the twentieth century, Argentine elites have attempted to prove that their country has adopted the tenets of modern civilization. Their attempts included projecting an image of Buenos Aires as a South American enclave in which Western ideals...
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A Question of Names: The Solution to the 'Two Chinas' Issue in Modern Olympic History: The Final Phase, 1971-1984
Preface Though China entered international sports affairs and initiated a relationship with the IOC as early as May 1915, it did not actually participate in the Olympic Games until 1932. After a long civil war between communists and nationalists...
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Avoiding Olympic Imperialism: Shedding Trickle-Down Olymponomics: In Favor of 'All Sports for All People'
No, we do not want to catch up with anyone. But what we want is to walk in the company of man, every man, night and day, for all times. It is not a question of stringing the caravan out where groups are spaced so far apart they cannot see the one in...
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Basketball Bedlam in Barcelona: The Dream Team, a Reflection of the Globe's 'New Order'
When the 1992 United States Olympic basketball team arrived at the luxurious Hotel Ambassador in Monte Carlo a week before the Barcelona Games, the hotel's managers scoffed at suggestions that they needed to enhance security. They assured all that...
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Child's Play: Decreasing Size and Increasing Risk in Women's Olympic Gymnastics
Introduction At the Olympic Games of 2004, 16 year old Carly Patterson of the United States won the gold medal in the women's all-around gymnastics competition. (1) She followed in the footsteps of a long line of young women champions, including...
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Conspicuously Absent: An Analysis of the Introduction of Lightweight Women's Rowing into the 1996 Olympic Program
Introduction During the late 1980s and early 1990s, international rowing administrators began to discuss the introduction of lightweight events to the Olympic racing program. The international rowing federation (FISA) argued that lightweight rowing...
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Cultural Imperialism and the Diffusion of Olympic Sport in Africa: A Comparison of Pre- and Post-Second World War Contexts
Introduction The diffusion of Olympic sport in Africa in the pre- and post-World War II periods provides an interesting contrast. In the period before the War the spread of sport was largely a colonial affair, conducted through (or at least with...
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Douglas Fairbanks and the Birth of Hollywood's Love Affair with the Olympics
Over the past 20 or so years, Hollywood stars have clamored to be associated with the Olympic Games. Tom Selleck was the honorary captain of the 1984 U.S. Olympic Men's Volleyball Team. Dolph Lundgren was chosen by the United States Olympic Team as...
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Equality, Equity, and Inclusion: Issues in Women and Transgendered Athletes' Participation at the Olympics
Women's delayed entry in the modern Olympic Movement in more than cursory or congratulatory roles has been well analyzed and documented. (1) Notably, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) can now claim that at no time since Pierre de Coubertin...
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Evolution of Olympic Sponsorship and Its Impact on the Olympic Movement
Over the past Olympiads, the International Olympic Committee (IOC), Olympic Organizing Committees (OCOGs), National Olympic Committees (NOCs), and in general the Olympic Movement have become increasingly dependent upon the significant financial support...
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From Terje to the Flying Red Tomato: Snowboarding's Incorporation into the Olympic Games
When Canadian snowboarder Ross Rebagliati rode to victory in the first Olympic snowboarding event at the 1998 Nagano Olympic Games, he became an instant Canadian hero. His name became synonymous with snowboarding, and the win was publicized in the...
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History of Olympic Rowing in Cuba
Although rowing was scheduled to be an Olympic sport at the first Games in Greece in 1896, the event had to be cancelled because of high wave conditions in the sea off Athens. Thus it was in Paris in 1900 that the Olympic sport of rowing first occurred....
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James G.B. Merrick (1871-1946): Sports Organizer, Negotiator, Canada's Second IOC Member
Introduction The Canadian Olympic Association (now the Canadian Olympic Committee) was taken to task by Bruce Kidd in an article published in Olympika in 1994. (1) Kidd pointed out that the poster widely distributed by the COA as part of the centenary...
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J. Sigfrid Edstrom and the Nurmi Affair of 1932: The Struggle of the Amateur Fundamentalists against Professionalism in the Olympic Movement
In April 1932, the International Amateur Athletics Association (IAAF), led by its tough-minded and flamboyant Swedish chairman, J. Sigfrid Edstrom, suspended Paavo Nurmi for violating amateur regulations. Many athletics experts consider that Nurmi...
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Marketing the Olympic Rings: Examining the Marketing Impacts and Expectations of the 2006 and 2010 Olympic Winter Games
The breadth and scope of the marketing programs and policies of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) is diverse and complex and provides considerable opportunity for analysis and discussion regarding the overall impact and management of the Olympic...
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'No Passion at the Palavela:' Sonia Bianchetti Garbato and Figure Skating's New Judging System
One of the most controversial changes in the history of Olympic figure skating made its debut at the Torino Olympic Winter Games in February 2006. Not since the demise of compulsory figures in 1990 after the World Championships in Halifax, Canada,...
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Of Sport, Service, and Sacrifice: Rethinking the Religious Heritage of the Olympic Games
The inspiration for this paper came rather unexpectedly. In February 2006, I made the long trip to my second home, Italy, in order to witness Torino's Olympic Games. Barely a month later, I found myself in California at the newly-renovated Getty Villa,...
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Olympic Education: Fundamentals, Success and Failures
The aim of this article is to study the broad field of Olympic education. Against the background of a continually growing commercialization of the Olympic movement and the struggle against doping, it is sometimes difficult to state that the Olympic...
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Olympic Personas
The Olympic games are a celebration of athletic achievements and global unity, heavily overlaid with national symbolism. As a sports ritual and commercial property, the Olympic Movement was a magnet for wealthy and talented sportsmen who wished to...
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Olympic Values in the Twenty-First Century: Between Continuity and Change
Olympic values may be narrowly tied to the twentieth century and its values. Although modern organized sports had their beginning in the nineteenth century, they may be affirmed to have assumed their virtually universal popular character in the century...
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Owning More Than the Podium: An Examination of the Policy Network Surrounding Canada's Most Recent Olympic Athlete Funding Program
The XXIth Olympic Winter Games will open in Vancouver, British Columbia, on February 12, 2010, and Canada will, for the third time, play host to an Olympic Games. Canadian athletes will also embark on a quest to avoid a third embarrassment. In Canada's...
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Pietro Metastasio's L'Olimpiade: A Textual Exegesis and an Analysis of the Role of L'Olimpiade in Olympic Games History
Terminated in 393 by a decree of the Holy Roman Emperor, Theodosius I--at least according to one tradition--the Olympic Games would find institutional permanence again only at the end of the nineteenth century, in 1896, when the first of the modern...
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Preface
Cultural Imperialism in Action: Critiques in the Global Olympic Trust. This is the title of the Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium for Olympic Research at the University of Western Ontario (UWO) October 19-21, 2006 and published by the...
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The Bobsled Controversy and Squaw Valley's Olympic Winter Games
On February 15, 1959, Art Tyler piloted a four-man bobsled team from the United States to a World Championship at St. Moritz. (1) Yet even as Tyler, the 1956 Olympic bronze medalist, (2) celebrated his great victory with his teammates, he and they...
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The Conundrum of 'Ilanaaq'-First Nations Representation and the 2010 Vancouver Winter Olympics
With its selection to host the XXIth Olympic Winter Games, the Vancouver Organizing Committee for the 2010 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games (VANOC) will undoubtedly adhere to proposals put forth in its bid promises. This victorious bid, presented...
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The Ideal Olympic Athlete: Some Thoughts and Reflections on Gender Differences
Introduction: The Ideal Olympic Athlete--A Woman Gone Mad? In the following essay on the concept of an ideal Olympic athlete, I will attempt to reflect on potential tensions in regard to gender. This essay is an outgrowth of two previous essays:...
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The Olympic (Affordable) Housing Legacy and Social Responsibility
In the last two decades, a number of global trends have had the effect of increasing the gap between North and South, have and have-not countries, and have and have-not populations within western countries. These trends are reflected in the growing...
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The Olympic Winter Institute of Australia: A Unique Partnership Model for High Performance Sport
Background of the Olympic Winter Institute of Australia: "The New Kid on the Block" Due to a dramatic improvement in its international sports success, Australia has come under the microscope of other nations and sports officials in the last 15 years....
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The Spirit of Competition (Agon) in the Olympic Games: From the Ancient to the Modern World
The purpose of this paper that celebrates the achievements of Ion Ioannides both in sport and in studies of Greek antiquity is to examine various features of the ancient Olympic Games that made them unique, bearing in mind the changes that took place...
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Torino 2006: What Kind of Olympic Winter Games Were They? A Preliminary Account from an Organizational and Economic Perspective
Introduction Citius, altius, fortius ("Faster, higher, stronger"): to what extent does the otto of the Olympics relate to Torino 2006? Has the XXth edition of the Winter Olympic Games (OWG) continued the positive trend whereby each edition, with...
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'Up the Slope without a Pole:' an Examination of the Relationship between Fair Play and Gender Norms at the 2006 Winter Olympics
The purpose of this paper is to examine from a North American liberal feminist perspective, the relationship between fair play and gender ideals and norms demonstrated at the 2006 Torino Winter Olympics. Three specific examples of fair play that took...
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Where Denazification and Democratization Intersect: The State Department and Foreign Office's Role in the Re-Formation of the German Olympic Committee
Beginning in 1945, the occupying powers wanted to reconstruct German society by removing the authoritarianism and militarism that were so firmly entrenched in German life--and sport. (1) Officials attempted to rebuild Germany's economy, politics, and...
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