Journal of Invitational Theory and Practice

Articles

Vol. 19, Annual

2013 IAIE World Conference
I hope you all enjoyed the IAIE World Conference as much as I did. I know all the conference organizers in particular Sue Bowen and our new executive director; Joan Fretz worked tirelessly to make it successful as evidenced by our excellent keynote...
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Meeting Student Needs in the Freedom Writers Movie: An Activity in a Classroom Management Course
When pre-service teachers enroll in my Classroom Management and Communications course, for the most part, I believe they expect a bag-of-tricks on how to discipline students when they misbehave. One of the first things I tell them is that there is...
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Measuring Inviting School Climate: A Case Study of a Public Primary School in an Urban Low Socioeconomic Setting in Kenya
Scholars and researchers commonly understand that environmental factors have a profound influence on academic performance (Noguera, 2003). Student academic performance is directly influenced by socio-economic, psychological, and environmental factors...
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The Basic Tenets of Invitational Theory and Practice: An Invitational Glossary
Overview ITP is viewed as the overarching theory for the base paradigm known as Invitational Education (IE). IE is seen as having its philosophical/theoretical roots arising from a variety of humanistic models of human behavior. These models of...
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The Award for Every Student
I was a high school principal for 11 of my 40+ years in education. Prior to that experience I'd worked with high school dropouts for a dozen years in alternative education programs that were quite different from the traditional high school to which...
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The Sixth "P"-Politics
Invitational theory presents the concept of invitations as related to five factors: people, places, policies, programs, and processes (Purkey & Schmidt, 1990). In this article, I propose the addition of a sixth "P," politics. The assumption is...
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Vol. 18, Annual

Editorial
John J. Schmidt, Ph.D. Jack, as we all know him, has resigned his position as one of our Board of Editor Members. Jack in keeping with his retirement plans, will no longer serve on our board. No one in the Alliance has contributed more to the...
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Invitational Inclusive Education: First Steps on a Journey to Develop Perspectives and Practices
We have both lived both perspectives. Professionally, one was more grounded in Invitational Education while the other was more focused on Inclusive Education. But we had both made personal decisions as we first worked in the public schools and then...
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Invitational Theory and Practice Applied to Resiliency Development in At-Risk Youth
There is growing evidence regarding how adult mentor relationships support the development of resilience in at-risk children and youth. In traditional societies, resilience was developed in children and youth through hundreds of natural interactions...
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Six Elements of Diversity: Teacher Candidate Perceptions after Engaging Native American Students
Introduction As teachers across the country take roll this school year, they are likely to find more diversity in their classrooms than ever before. U.S. Census Bureau (2010) data reveal the changing demographics of schools and the predicted increases...
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Applying Self Efficacy Theory to Increase Interpersonal Effectiveness in Teamwork
Developing and enhancing the key skills necessary to increase interpersonal effectiveness in health care practice is vital to job satisfaction and success (Drinka & Clark, 2000, Rafferty, 2001). This paper proposes a strategy for developing skill...
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The Impact of an Invitational Environment on Preschoolers with Special Needs
Purpose The research question that frames this study was: What environmental factors, as defined by the Invitational Learning Theory (Stanley & Purkey, 2005) contribute to the progress of developmental delayed preschoolers? Stanley and Purkey...
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Using Invitational Learning to Address Writing Competence for Middle School Students with Disabilities
Students with disabilities and those who struggle academically have lower rates of academic engagement in the classroom (Rock 2U05). Academic engagement is affected by the student's ability to effectively (a) initiate interactions, (b) distinguish...
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Is the Great American Teacher Dead? Principles to Resurrect Meaningful, Effective, and Consciousness Raising Instruction
Around 360 BC, as night fell on an Athenian street, a dejected-looking young man was seen walking with his head down and sorrow in his eyes. His name was Demosthenes, and he had just failed yet again, in one of his many attempts at public speaking....
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The History and Development of the Inviting School Survey: 1995-2012
Current research has shown that school climate is one of the most important contributors to student achievement, success, and psychological well-being (Cohen, McCabe, Michelli, & Pickeral, 2009; Fan, Williams, & Corkin, 2011; Steyn, 2007; Zullig,...
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Vol. 17, Annual

A Classroom of One Is a Community of Learners: Paradox, Artistic Pedagogical Technologies, and the Invitational Online Classroom
Recently, convocation ceremonies were held at a large online university in Western Canada. For most in attendance it was the first time that students met face-to-face with their instructors and classmates. In her address, the valedictorian spoke of...
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Cross-Cultural Equivalence and Psychometric Properties of the Traditional Chinese Version of the Inviting School Survey-Revised
The purpose of the present study is twofold; (1) to describe the processes and procedures used to adapt and translate the Inviting School Survey-Revised (ISS-R) into Traditional Chinese (ISS-RC) for use in Hong Kong and mainland China and (2) to assess...
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This Issue
A Different Look and Feel Volume 17, 2011 of the JITP is "different" from past issues in a few ways. Some of you may have noticed one change immediately, by the presence of the QR code on our cover. For those unfamiliar with QR codes, I will explain...
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The Role of Invitational Education and Intelligence Beliefs in Academic Performance
Invitational Theory and Practice Invitational Theory and Practice (ITP) is a collection of suppositions, beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors that seek to explain the relationship between communication and self-concept ITP describes a means of intentionality...
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The Perceived School Climate in Invitational Schools in Hong Kong: Using the Chinese Version of the Inviting School Survey-Revised (ISS-R)
Hong Kong, like many other parts of the world, has experienced waves of education reform over the past thirty years (Cheng, 2003). Most recently, the Education Bureau in Hong Kong has implemented significant curriculum reforms requiring a paradigm...
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The Role of Feedback in Enhancing Students' Self-Regulation in Inviting Schools
It can be argued that one of the most important challenges facing teachers today is that of helping students become better self-regulated learners. According to Zimmerman (2000, p.14), "Self-regulation refers to self-generated thoughts, feelings,...
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Vol. 16, Annual

Examination of the Effectiveness of Male and Female Educational Leaders Who Made Use of the Invitational Leadership Style of Leadership
Introduction As a result of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2002, educational accountability standards have increased tremendously (Stecher & Kirby, 2004). Subsequently, educational leaders are now responsible for meeting expectations unparalleled...
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Responsive Teaching: A Framework for Inviting Success with Students Who "Fly below the Radar" in Middle School Classrooms
Good teachers have always known how important it is to establish positive working relationships with their students. In recent years, researchers have provided a deeper understanding of the essential dynamics of supportive classroom interactions ...
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East or West, the Goal Is the Same: Buddhist Psychology and Its Potential Contributions to Invitational Education
The United States has a multi-billion dollar weight loss industry. There are pills, books, DVD's, CD's, diets, food diaries, special foods, support groups, personal trainers, television programs, game shows, point systems, weigh-ins, an army of machines,...
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Re-Adjusting the Kaleidoscope: The Basic Tenants of Invitational Theory and Practice
The purpose of this paper is to examine and discuss the basic tenants of Invitational Theory and Practice (ITP) in a way that becomes the accepted standard for use of the various concepts and terminologies used to describe and or explain ITP. The...
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A Survey of Bahamian and Jamaican Teachers' Level of Motivation and Job Satisfaction
Work occupies a central position in people's lives, and with the problems of inflation, outsourcing, shrinking labor supply, and slowdowns in the economic expansion, etc., the role that a job plays in a person's life takes a high priority. Additionally,...
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National Focus on Education
For those of you who follow the national news, you can't help but recognize the significant attention given to the state of education in America. The national TV broadcast network NBC has initiated a series titled "Education Nation". Their state goal...
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The Inviting Professional Educator: A Reflective Practitioner and Action Researcher
It is teachers who, in the end, will change the world of the school by understanding it. (Lawrence Stenhouse, as cited in Rudduck, 1988, p.79. The purpose of this article is two-fold: 1) to encourage educators (teachers, administrators, counselors,...
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Whispering Selves and Reflective Transformations in the Internal Dialogue of Teachers and Students
Introduction If you hear a voice within you saying, "You are not a painter," then by all means paint... and that voice will be silenced. Vincent Van Gogh An individual's journey in life is interwoven with invaluable learning experiences. The...
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Inviting Students to Learn: 100 Tips for Talking Effectively with Your Students
Inviting Students to Learn: 100 Tips for Talking Effectively with Your Students by Jenny Edwards, Ph.D. ASCD, Alexandria, VA; [c] 2010 170 pp, paperback, US $23.95 In her book, Inviting Students to Learn: 100 Tips for Talking Effectively...
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Vol. 15, Annual

A New Wave for the JITP
Thanks I wish to begin my first editorial with some well deserved thanks. Firstly, thank you to those who had the faith and trust in me by appointing me editor. I'll work hard to improve the journal. Second, I see my work as part of a team and...
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Inviting Schools in the United States of America and Hong Kong: An Appreciative Inquiry
Introduction The quality of teaching and learning depends on the professional development (PD) of teachers (Moswela, 2006; Van Veen & Sleegers, 2006). Furthermore, PD of teachers is regarded as a necessity for schools to intentionally care for...
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"Invitations" to Character
Introduction Educators are being asked to provide more and more emphasis on the social and emotional development of children. Character education is now one of the hot topics in the schools. With the hundreds of books that are available which...
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The Instruction and Assessment of Multicultural Dispositions in Teacher and Counselor Education
Introduction From the time that the Nation at Risk Report (U.S. Department of Education, 1983) was published up to more recent debates over President Bush's No Child Left Behind legislation, much attention has been given to school reform (Farley,...
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Curriculum Construction and Teacher Empowerment: Supporting Invitational Education with a Creative Problem Solving Model
Introduction Can the enhancement of creativity in classrooms be supportive of the attributes associated with Invitational Education, especially given the individualistic assumptions associated with creativity? Creativity, as reflected in more...
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Vol. 14, Annual

Blue, Orange, White, and Brown: Causality, Values, and the Impact of Messages
It is a simple question. I ask the 'teachers-to-be" in my university classes at the beginning of every term: "How many of you have benefited from exposure to hostile, negative, and caustic comments from a teacher?" I provide a second version: "How...
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Cross-Cultural Instruction, Consciousness Raising, and Inviting Heightened Self-Esteem
It is beyond debate that one's culture plays a significant role in the self-evaluative process. However, each particular culture uses different measurements to determine who will be crowned with respectability and who will not. The wider the gulf between...
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Coloring in the Emotional Language of Place
Making educational places more inviting to learners is a key aspect of Invitational Theory. This paper introduces a simple technique for sensitizing learners and instructors to how their environment affects their feelings and ability to learn. It describes...
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Easing Transitions of Military Dependents into Hawaii Public Schools: An Invitational Education Link
Over 15, 000 military dependent students attend Hawaii public schools, about 8% of the total student population. The transition to Hawaii schools has been identified by many military families as a challenge and one more difficult than other transitions...
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Vol. 13, Annual

Merging Invitational Theory with Mathematics Education: A Workshop for Teachers
Two faculty members in the department of mathematical sciences at a four-year university, with teacher-education experience, presented a workshop for in-service elementary and middle-school teachers. The intention was to address affective aspects of...
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An Invitation into the Investigation of the Relationship between Mathematics Anxiety and Learning Styles in Elementary Preservice Teachers
Two hundred sixty-four students from a large southeastern U.S. university participated in this study which investigated the relationship between mathematics anxiety and learning styles in elementary preservice teachers. The Mathematics Anxiety Rating...
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Elements of Diversity in Invitational Practice and Research
Invitational theory uses many elements to define, describe, and delineate its beliefs and practices. For example, the Five Ps of people, places, policies, programs, and processes are consistently cited in the literature and research as the framework...
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Inviting School Success: Invitational Education and the Art Class
"Effective teaching may be the hardest job there is" (William Glasser) It is acknowledged, nationally and internationally, that Invitational Education is actively practised in many schools. However, there is a paucity of articles describing the...
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The Beacon and the Port
In 1957 I was a school age kid attending segregated schools in North Carolina and barely understood what was occurring at Central High in Little Rock, Arkansas. Nine Arkansas high schools students decided to go to school, and to get to school safely,...
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