International Journal of Applied Educational Studies

Articles

Vol. 13, No. 1, April

The Effect of Using Metacognition Reading Strategies on the Reading Comprehension of Arabic Texts
Introduction Reading is a kind of process in which one needs not only to understand its' direct meaning, but also to comprehend its implied ideas. According to Grabe (1991), reading is an essential skill and probably the most important skill for...
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The Effects of Added Physical Activity on Performance during a Listening Comprehension Task for Students with and without Attention Problems
Paying attention and listening during lectures or meetings or conversations can be challenging at times for all of us. When placed in such listening situations for extended time periods, most of us tend to keep ourselves occupied by doodling, moving...
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Peer Review versus Teacher Feedback in Process Writing: How Effective?
Introduction Writing is both a process and product. It is not only a physical act but also "... the mental work of inventing ideas, thinking about how to express them, and organizing them into statements and paragraphs that will be clearer to the...
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Chinese Teacher Perceptions of the Impact of Classroom Seating Arrangements on Student Participation
Introduction Research has shown that the classroom environment plays an important role in creating the best educational experience for students (Benedict & Hoag, 2004; Budge, 2000; Hastings & Schwieso, 1995; Stronge, 2007; Vermette, 2009)....
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The Knowledge Base of Cooperating Teachers in Jordan: The Case for Classroom Teachers
Introduction and Theoretical Framework In recent years, preparing pre-service teachers at the university level has attracted much research and attention; it has increasingly become a concern in many teacher education programs all around the world....
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Working Memory Span in Sequential and Non Sequential Digital and Word Stimuli of Jordanian Students 4 through 20 Years Old
Introduction Learning is defined by cognitive theorists as a change in a person's mental structures that creates a capacity to demonstrate different behaviors. This change happens when certain stimuli, which enters our memory systems, is selected...
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Vol. 12, No. 1, December

Screening for School Readiness: Evidence from Saudi Arabia
Introduction Educational research literature is dominated by studies carried out in the developed world and in Indo-European languages (Elliott & Grigorenko, 2008). Correspondingly, research reports from developing countries and from languages...
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Identifying Causes of English-Chinese Translation Differential Item Functioning
Introduction Differences in test performance of population subgroups, and the issue of test fairness, have been of major interest since the late 1960's (Cole & Zieky, 2001). Differences in test performance of population subgroups are often explained...
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Multiple Intelligences: Identifying Student Diversity among Saudi Female ESL Learners
Introduction All schools aim to enhance the level and quality of teaching in their institution but one major hindrance is the fact that no two students learn in the same way. Understanding the individual needs of today's learners and developing...
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Parental Involvement and Grade Four Students' English Reading Achievement
Introduction Having a high level of English proficiency is of great importance to the academic future of Emirati students in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) as English is the medium of instruction for most courses at the three federal educational...
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The Impact of a Mandated Educational Reform Program on Jordanian Teachers' Work Lives
Introduction In Jordan, the education landscape has undergone considerable change over the last 25 years or so. JERP gave teachers more work by simultaneously requiring them to master new teaching methods, new student evaluation methods, and new...
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Vol. 11, No. 1, August

Parent Involvement Revisited: Background, Theories, and Models
Background of Parent Involvement Knowledge of the history of parent involvement efforts and programs both in the United States and Turkey provides a useful context for engaging in an in-depth analysis of parent involvement in young children's education....
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Education for the 21st Century
Introduction Over the past generation, educational researchers and practitioners have advanced the state of teaching and teacher training. Also in the past thirty years, widespread use of digital technologies has been moving societies from the industrial...
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Student Perspectives of Embedded Professional Practice in Pre-Service Teacher Education
Introduction The Bachelor of Learning Management (BLM) program offered through CQUniversity, Australia is a four year pre-service program targeting the preparation of workplace-ready and futures-oriented teachers (learning managers). Workplace-ready...
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Listening Skills among Undergraduate Students at the Hashemite University
Introduction Listening is one of the most important relational activities that maintain and build relationships. People spend a large proportion of their waking day listening, yet it is not currently a part of the literature that examines the building...
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Using Asynchronous Communication Tools to Support Face-to-Face Courses: Turkish Preservice Teachers' Perspectives
Introduction A continuous major development in the modern world is Web technology. Since technology in education has become an important tool for knowledge production, supporting face-to-face courses through both synchronous and asynchronous activities...
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Control of Learning Beliefs among Arabic Language Course Students
Introduction The Arabic course as a third language in UiTM is an elective course offered to first degree students. UiTM has improved the third language courses to become one of the university's requirement subjects starting from June 1999, thus...
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Vol. 10, No. 1, April

Motivational Determinants of Elementary School Students' Participation in Physical Activity: A Preliminary Validation Study
Regularly participating in physical activity plays an essential role in maintaining and enhancing health status (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS), 2000). To promote physical activity participation and adherence, it is important...
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The Impact of Electronic Assessment-Driven Instruction on Preservice EFL Teachers' Quality Teaching
Introduction Teacher quality occupies a great importance since quality has become an indicator of development, progress and competition. Teacher quality standards address what teachers should know and be able to do as a result of instruction. Quality...
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Classroom Management Skills among Beginning Teachers' in Jordan: Preparation and Performance
Introduction Classroom management is an intellectual skill that is based on knowledge about action-situation relationships in the classrooms. In order to be an effective educator, the teacher must have quality classroom management skills. This classroom...
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Using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) in Educational Research: Practices and Issues
Introduction The use of Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) in research has increased in popularity since it was first conceived by Wright (1918), a biometrician who was credited with the development of path analysis to analyze genetic theory in...
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Does Where a Student Sits Really Matter?-The Impact of Seating Locations on Student Classroom Learning
Introduction It seems that there is a common belief that where students decide to sit within a classroom reflects upon their motivation, engagement, and willingness to learn (Benedict & Hoag, 2004; Betoret & Artiga, 2004; Budge, 2000; Burda...
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Thinking Style Preferences of Vocational Students at the University Level: A Prospective Workforce Development Approach
Introduction and Theoretical Framework The construct of thinking styles has gained widespread recognition over the past decade. Employers are seeking graduates with complex and multidimensional thinking and the ability to apply intuition, insight,...
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Vol. 9, No. 1, December

A Multilevel Analysis of Students and Schools on High School Graduation Exam: A Case of Maryland
As more and more states in the United States join the national testing movement, high school exit exams are now determining whether more than half the nation's public school students will graduate (Berman, Cross, & Evans, 2000; McColskey &...
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Examining Application Relationships: Differences in Mathematical Elements and Compound Performance between American, Japanese, and Taiwanese Students
Application refers to the process of behavioral elements, sometimes referred to as component behaviors, combining to form a behavioral compound, also referred to as a composite behavior (Binder, 1996; Haughton, 1980). Figure 1 shows how element behaviors...
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Professional Development in ESL through Digital Video
While it has particular significance for teachers, even those outside the realm of professional education recognize the often quoted adage that a picture is worth a thousand words. While the origin of this saying is not clear, the universal truth it...
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Out of Home Care for Infants and Toddlers with Medical Handicaps
Introduction For families with children who have an infant or toddler with a medical handicap, the decision of how and where to place their child in childcare is a difficult decision. Rural settings complicate the decision due to limited access...
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Psychometric Properties and Differential Item Functioning (DIF) Analyses of Jordanian Version of Self-Assessed Wisdom Scale (SAWS-Jo)
Introduction Wisdom has gained a great deal of attention in the field of psychology, while remaining a distinct component within theology and religion in some civilizations (Robinson, 1990). Most of the time, wisdom has been viewed as the highest...
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Academic Administrators Making a Difference: Promoting Peace Education in Jordanian Higher Education
Introduction Peace education embeds issues that touch our everyday life such as disarmament education, sustainable development, human rights, national sovereignty, environment destruction, globalization, international understanding, social justice,...
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Vol. 8, No. 1, August

Attitudes toward Writing in Fifth Grade Students Preparing for State-Mandated Writing Exam
Review of the Literature Writing apprehension is defined as "a general avoidance of writing and of situations perceived by the individual to potentially require some amount of writing accompanied by the potential for evaluation of that writing"...
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Perceived Teacher Preparation within a College of Education Teaching Program
Over the past decade, teacher education programs have witnessed a movement toward performance-based teacher education. As indicated by Ingersoll and Scannell (2002), this movement assumes that teacher preparation program should be held responsible...
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The Influence from the Dynamics of Training and Volunteers' Characteristics on Volunteers' Retention in Non-Profit Organizations
Introduction People value and make the best of non-profit organizations. They represent what is best about our world: generosity, compassion, vision, and the eternal optimism that we can resolve our most serious problems. Unlike the for-profit organizations,...
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Enhancing Mathematics Beliefs and Teaching Efficacy of Prospective Teachers through an Online Video Club
Introduction The ministry of education (MOE) in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) noticed that mathematics education in public schools suffers from many problems: emphasis is placed on computational skills and memorization; conceptual understanding...
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Self-Regulated Learning Strategies among Students of Arabic Language Course and Intensive Arabic Course in Mara University of Technology Malaysia (Uitm)
Introduction In recent years, there have been various courses of the Arabic language offered to the public in Malaysia. The different types of courses are meant for different purposes and different target of students. Previous studies (see Olaussen...
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Teacher Perceptions of ESOL Students' Greatest Challenges in Academic English Skills: A K-12 Perspective
Introduction The number of English-to-speakers-of-other-languages (ESOL) students has more than doubled since 1980s and has recently grown significantly at North American schools (CBIE, 2002; U.S. Department of Education, 2008). Research in second...
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Vol. 7, No. 1, April

Progress in the Desegregation of Schools in South Africa: Experiences of Learners
The aim of the research was to determine how learners of the various population groups experienced their situation at desegregated, historically white schools in South Africa. A questionnaire based on Vrey's model of the child's experience of his situation...
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Looking at U.A.E Boys and Girls Written Discourse
Introduction Writing is a medium of various thoughts and feelings. This research presented observations of the differences between boys and girls in delivering the same message in both formal and expressive pieces. The research investigated how...
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Secondary Student's Perceptions of Information and Communication Technology and Their Usage of It Inside and outside of School in Riyadh City, Saudi Arabia
Introduction / Background Computers have been used in the classroom for the last twenty-five years. However, their usage changed from simply teaching basic computing skills in the 1980s to teaching how to use them in a more creative manner and applying...
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Oral and Written Feedback and Their Relationship with Using Different Assessment Methods in Higher Education
Introduction Higher education institutions are beginning to focus on learning and student centered education. No doubt, improving learning in higher education cannot be achieved without improving the assessment systems and assessment practices....
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Assessing Science Teachers' Content Knowledge and Confidence in Teaching Science: How Confident Are UAE Prospective Elementary Science Teachers?
Introduction Recent science education reforms in the United Arab Emirates have focused among other things, on the role of science teachers in shaping the future development of the country. The main theme of the UAE reforms proposed promising goals...
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Beyond the Curriculum Documents: One Learning Community's Contribution to Integrating Primary School Curriculum
Aims of the Project The project had a number of aims. It aimed to link a school, a university--represented by the authors, one of whom is an academic, and one of whom is a preservice teacher (PST)--and local Indigenous Australian-based community...
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Vol. 6, No. 1, December

Exploratory Study of Ege University School of Agriculture Students' Opinion of Globalization and Curricula Design for Related Instruction
Introduction There is renewed interest in international education in American Universities. This is not a surprising development given the advent of a more intensified process of globalization and its consequences for increased levels of interactions...
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Professional Learning Communities in the United Arab Emirates Schools: Realities and Obstacles
Introduction and Theoretical Framework In 2000, the Ministry of Education in United Arab Emirates (UAE) embarked on a reform process called Vision 2020, which intended, through a series of five-year plans, to improve the education system throughout...
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Response Latency Effects on Classical Test Theory Indices and Pass/fail Decisions
Introduction Assessment of student learning plays a significant role in the educational process. The effectiveness of instruction and instructional decisions depend largely on the ability of educators to construct and select tests and assessments...
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Academic Listening Tests for ESOL Students: Availability, Concerns, and Solutions
Introduction During the past two decades, there has been a significant growth in the number of English-to-speakers-of-other-languages (ESOL) students pursuing post-secondary studies at North American universities (IIE, 2001; CBIE, 2002). Research...
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Construct Validation of an Arabic Version of the College Students' Self-Efficacy Scale for Use in Jordan
Introduction and Theoretical Framework Changes in the academic environment represented by globalization, organizational restructuring, and reform initiatives have prompted higher education institutions to graduate confident students with independent...
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Early Career Faculty Concerns in Jordanian Universities
Introduction Because of the changing nature of academic culture and work, more efforts are needed to help the new faculty members navigate early career hazards. A career is the "individually perceived sequence of attitudes and behaviors associated...
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Vol. 5, No. 1, August

Factors Affecting the Assessment of ESL Students' Writing
Introduction The assessment of writing has long been considered a problematic area for educational assessment professionals. As stated by Speck and Jones (1998), "there are more problems than solutions problems of inter-grader reliability, single-grader...
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Effectiveness of the Kindergarten Curriculum: Preparing Children for Compulsory Education in Kuwait
Introduction The main purpose of education is to make individuals capable of developing and generating new ideas rather than repeating those produced in other parts of the world. Individuals should be innovators, inventors and discoverers of the...
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The Role of Social Relationships in Promoting Student Academic Self-Efficacy and MIMIC Approaches to Assess Factorial Mean Invariance
Social cognitive theory suggests that self-efficacy can be defined as an individual's perceived capability or judgment of his or her ability to plan and engage in behaviors that are needed to successfully perform a task (Bandura, 1997). As one of the...
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Teachers Beliefs about Classroom Management: Pre-Service and Inservice Teachers' Beliefs about Classroom Management
In the current climate of accountability, teachers must provide a classroom environment that supports academic achievement for all students. Legislation such as the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001 hold schools accountable for the academic progress...
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Evaluating Nero-Muscular Coordination for Hands among Physical Education Students at the Hashemite University
Introduction and Theoretical Framework The human body is a special kind of machine capable of performing an infinite number of physical stunts. This performance can provide humans with versatility to produce movements that no machine can even handle....
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Mentoring and Inducting New Teachers into the Profession: An Innovative Approach
Teacher Mentoring Program: University-School Collaborative Induction Model Recently, the National Education Association (NEA) has predicted that more than 1 million veteran teachers are nearing retirement while, at the same time, student enrollment...
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Vol. 4, No. 1, April

Factors Affecting Chinese Graduate Students' Cross-Cultural Learning
Introduction During the past two decades, there has been a significant growth in the number of English-as-a-second-language (ESL) students pursuing academic studies at North American universities. Data from both Institute of International Education...
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Coach's Leadership Behavior as a Predictor of Satisfaction with Leadership: Perceptions of Athletes with Physical Disabilities
Introduction and Theoretical Framework Leadership might be broadly defined as "the behavioral process of influencing individuals and groups toward set goals" (Barrow, 1977, p. 232). This definition contains many dimensions of leadership. With regard...
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New Skills for a New Era: Ideas for Preparing Professionals for Service in Twenty First Century Agriculture
Historical Perspective of the Role of Knowledge and Education in Work It was Arthur Lewis (1962) who wrote that there are two types of education, consumption education and education for productive use. He argued that the former form of education...
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Using a Rubric to Assess Individualized Education Programs
Introduction Since 1975, the United States federal legislation (PL. 94-142) has required that all public schools provide a free appropriate public education (FAPE) and related services to children with special needs. This legislation has been reauthorized...
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The Effect of Suchmans' Inquiry Model on Developing Critical Thinking Skills among University Students
Introduction Education has focused on the importance of teaching students how to think (Robinson, 1987). Effective thinking skills, including complex thinking, creative thinking, reflective thinking (Shraideh & Beshara, 2008), and critical thinking,...
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The Effect of Self-Determination and Theory Planned Behavior on Elementary Students' Physical Activity Participation
Physical, mental, and social benefits of regular physical activity in youth have been widely recognized among health promotion professionals. Children's participation in regular physical activity reduces a risk of developing diabetes, hypertension,...
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Vol. 3, No. 1, December

The Effects of Teacher Instructional Practice on Kindergarten Mathematics Achievement: A Multi-Level National Investigation
Teacher instruction is an integral part of the classroom which has been under-studied in the field of education (Todd, Chaiyasuk, & Tantisawetrat, 2008). Although some view instruction as having little importance, it is necessary to provide...
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Predicting NESB International Postgraduate Students' Academic Achievement: A Structural Equation Modeling Approach
Introduction In the past decades, there have been an increasing number of nonEnglish speaking background (NESB) international university students in English-medium universities throughout the world (see Andrade, 2006, for an overview of this...
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Activity Systems within Blended Problem-Based Learning in Academic Professional Development
Introduction This paper outlines the background and rationale for a qualitative study on blended problem-based learning within the context of academic development in higher education. The case study research is grounded in an activity learning...
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The Assessment of Feedback Effort on the Performance of Serving and Reception Skills in Volleyball
Introduction In the past few decades, physical education instructors and sport coaches have been heavily influenced by the opinion that feedback provided to learners is necessary for learning and for the acquisition of motor skills (Bilodeau,...
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Cultural Change: One School's Journey towards Educational Excellence
Reshaping School Culture In 2004, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation funded the "Bringing Best Practices to Scale" initiative. The findings from the examination of thirty schools identified as being successful concluded that schools usually...
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Developing Critical Thinking Skills of Secondary Students in Jordan Utilizing Monro and Slater Strategy, and McFarland Strategy
Introduction and Theoretical Framework In today's society, characterized by constant changes and competition, educators and employers are seeking students who are equipped with critical thinking skills to face challenges, to make the right decisions,...
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Vol. 2, No. 1, August

Human Resource Education: Does Listening to Music during Instruction Affect Jordanian Secondary Students' Academic Achievement?
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to identify any differences in the academic achievement of 7th-grade students who listened to music during instruction (experimental group) and those who received traditional instruction (no music during instruction--control...
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Role of Jordanian Schools' Leadership in Transforming Schools into Organizational Learning Culture
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to identify the role of Jordanian schools' leadership in transforming their schools into an organizational learning culture by highlighting the importance and goals of adopting an Organizational Learning Approach...
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Measuring the Perceptions of Vocational Education Students regarding the Application of National Vocational Teacher Standards in the University Classrooms: The Key to Human Resource Education in Jordan
Abstract: This study aimed at measuring the perceptions of vocational education students regarding the application of national vocational teacher standards in randomly selected vocational education classes. The instrument developed for this study was...
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Informal Problem Solving Strategies of Fifth Grades in the United Arab Emirates: Indicators of Algebraic Thinking
Abstract: This study investigated how students in grade 5 approached word problems of an algebraic nature. Two problems were used for this purpose, one in the form x + (x + a) + (x + b) = c, and the other in the form ax + bx + cx = d. Data were collected...
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Teachers' Characteristics and Advanced Technology Proficiency
Abstract: The integration of teachers' use of technology in their instruction has been given increasing attention and emphasis. The purpose of this study was to discern the association between teachers' characteristics and advanced technology proficiency....
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Sustaining the National Workforce in Jordan: An Investigation of Factors Impact Students' Enrollment in Vocational Education Majors
Abstract: The present study had two primary objectives. The first objective was to determine the factors that deter students from pursuing a vocational education major. The second objective was to provide a plausible theoretical solution for such delineation...
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Vol. 1, No. 1, April

Self-Regulated Learning in High and Low Achieving Students at Al-Hussein Bin Talal University (AHU) in Jordan
Abstract: The Purpose of this study is to investigate the differences in self-regulated learning components among high and low achieving students in Al-Hussein Bin Talal University in Jordan. The sample of the study consisted of 90 students, 50 high...
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A Trajectory of the Curricular Changes in Vocational Education in Taiwan
Abstract: Due to the increasingly various demands on the infrastructure and industrialization for global competition, vocational education in Taiwan is facing the turning point of renovation for its competitiveness. The purpose of this paper is to...
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Faculty Members' Intentions to Stay in Jordanian Public Universities
Abstract: This paper presents findings from a study of factors that lead to faculty members' turnover intent involving 150 faculty members in the Jordanian universities. Through the path model that is grounded in expectancy theory, a total of 150 faculty...
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The Affective Factors and English Language Attainment of Arab EFL Learners
Abstract: The intent of the study was to investigate the motivational effects on English learning for English as a foreign language (EFL) grade 12 students in public schools in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). To achieve this intent, 363 students' scores...
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The International Leadership Competencies of Jordanian Universities Leaders
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to assess the competencies required by presidents of universities to lead a Jordanian institution of higher education in an international society as perceived by academic administrators and faculty members chosen...
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Dictation or Composition: Questioning Spelling Instruction in the United Arab Emirates
Abstract: since spelling in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) is taught through dictation and composition, this study explores and compares spelling inventions that occur in students' writing in such contexts. Samples of dictation and composition were...
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Paralinguistic Effects on Developing EFL Students' Listening Comprehension Skills
Abstract: This study attempts to investigate the effects of the paralinguistic features used by native speakers of English on the EFL students' listening comprehension. The answer to the following question is investigated: To what extent do the paralinguistic...
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