Madhya Pradesh Journal of Social Sciences

Articles

Vol. 16, No. 1, June

Role of Education in Social Development: An Empirical Analysis
Education plays an important role in human development. Human development encompasses development in several dimensions of human well being. Social development is one of the important dimensions. The main objective of the paper is to analyze the contribution...
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Migration and Marginality: A Sociological Insight of Kashmiri Pandits
The history of mankind is the history of human movement, mostly voluntary, but as the world became more populated and as open spaces began to shrink, these movements increasingly became involuntary. People subjected to different forms of insecurity,...
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Politicisation of Hunger and the Right's Based Claim: Voices from the Margin
For most of the poor and oppressed group, the local social structures in which they negotiate their lives determine their life chances and opportunities. Where are they placed in the hierarchy of the social status determines access to basic entitlements....
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Beneficiary Perceptions of Accion Fraterna's Watershed Development Programmes with Reference to Women Empowerment
Watershed development refers to the conservation, regeneration and the judicious use of all the resources--natural (land, water, plants, and animals) and human--within a particular watershed. Watershed management tries to bring about the best possible...
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Inclinations in Literacy Rates and Schooling among the Scheduled Tribe Women in India
The paper is aimed to highlight the differences in literacy and schooling attainment among the Scheduled Tribe women in India. The data used in the paper are the Census of India, Department of Education in India, and National Human Development Report...
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Extent and Process of 'Silent Exclusion' in Elementary Education: A Case Study of Madhya Pradesh
Dropout is a major stamping block of universalization of elementary education in India. Most of the "Bimaru States" are suffering the problem of dropping out in elementary education since the decades. However government schools are in very worst conditions...
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Deprivation and Exclusion: A Reflection on Socio-Economic Status and Political Representation of Muslims in West Bengal
Socio-economic condition and political representation is an important indicator to measure the development level of any community. This paper is based on the secondary data. The main objective of the study is to explore the socio-economic condition...
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Vol. 15, No. 2, December

Development and Culture: Manifestation of Social Capital in European Union and India
Development, as a process, does not entirely depend on economic factors. Human development also governs development, and therefore equally pertinent question to be answered shall be relating to self-understanding and the processes of social interaction....
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Gender Equality in Uttar Pradesh: Progress and Challenges
Despite taking serious measures in the fields of literacy, employment and health; acute gender disparity still exists in the districts of Uttar Pradesh. The gap between male and female achievement among various socioeconomic indicators in all districts...
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Ten Years after Population Policy of Madhya Pradesh: Issues and Challenges
India is the first country in the world, where the official National Family Planning Programme was initiated with the pioneer objectives of population stabilisation and to achieve the sustainable development. In the year of 2000, Central Government...
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Representation in Legislative Bodies: Addressing the Question of Gender Equality
Gender representation in legislative bodies is in the forefront of discussion in the recent times. This paper is a field based research study on the women's empowerment question through the reservation system as pursued through constitutional safety-net...
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Impact of Foreign Direct Investment on Economic Growth in India
This study is concerned about foreign direct investment (FDI) and economic growth in India for the period of 1991-2009. This article produces fresh empirical evidence on the relation between FDI and economic growth obtained from Pearson's Coefficient...
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Feeding Pattern of Infants Fueling Childhood Obesity
Childhood obesity is often defined as a weight for height in excess of 120 per cent of the ideal, skinfold measures are more accurate determinants of fatness. Among other factors childhood obesity most likely results from an interaction of nutritional...
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Dimensions of Human Security
To be secure is to be safe from harm. However, no one is or can be perfectly secure. Yet the need to feel secure is a core human value and a prerequisite for being able to live a decent life. Right from the primordial stages of state of nature to the...
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Bonding and Boundaries: A Case of a Muslim Isolate in Mianpatna
Muslim question has always been posed as opposed to the ethnic others. It has always drawn upon the stereotypes sustained by colonial-communal historical construction and an imagined Hindu nationalist perspective. The academic uneasiness to engage...
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Development-vs-Displacement of Tribal People in India Problem and Prospects
Development-vs-Displacement of Tribal People in India Problem and Prospects R.C. Pandit (Editor) Abhijeet Publications, New Delhi, 2009, Page: 238, Price: Rs. 650 After Independence, India faced massive challenges in the economic front. Centuries...
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Vol. 15, No. 1, June

Globalisation in Hyderabad: Hitech City, Peripheral Urban Land Capture and the Simultaneity of Integration and Disintegration
In India, Bangalore, Chennai and Hyderabad have emerged in the last two decades as preeminent secondary spaces, vital to the flow of globalisation processes. A key factor contributing to Hyderabad's quantum leap to informational-based service industries...
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Judicial Corruption in India: A Critical Stocktaking
The judicial system in any country across the globe constitutes the bedrock of good governance. Unfortunately, the halo around the Indian judiciary has been dimmed due to the increasing spate of incidents of corruption in recent times. The rising tides...
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Development, Issues and Concerns of Secondary and Senior Secondary Education in Madhya Pradesh
Secondary education is a crucial stage of the school system. It is a gateway to higher education and a terminal stage for many school leavers who join the world of work. Importance of secondary education is also seen in the context of global competitiveness....
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Empowering Women in the Age of Democratisation: Is Guarantee of Human Rights the Way?
Democratisation has gained currency as a loose ecumenical phenomenon of modernity. It emerged simultaneously with other modern processes like economic globalisation. However, benefits of this concoctination of events appear shallow and ephemeral. The...
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Paradigm Shift in Non-Pesticidal Management: A Case Study of POD Borer Management in Deccan Plateau
Redgram is the major pulse crop grown in Zaheerabad region of Deccan Plateau to an extent of 50,000 ha. The productivity is 137 kg/ha. This low productivity is mainly due to the major pest attack by Gram pod borer (Helicoverpa armigera). The extent...
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Basohli: Under the Shadow of Development
Large-scale development projects often result in massive displacement of population. It is estimated by Cernea, (1999) that approximately 10 million people are displaced globally each year as a result of development activities. Numerous researches...
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Livelihood Issues and Environmental Conservation in India
Presently sustainable development approach is a very popular approach of development accepted through out the world. The dominant sustainable approach mainly comprises both economic growth and environmental conservation. But the third side of this...
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Indian Federalism: Continuity and Change
It is argued in this paper that the Indian Constitution makers adopted federal polity to establish a single political unit in a multi-ethnic society. After the partition they felt the necessity of federation with a strong centre to ensure the unity...
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Centre-State Relationship in the Era of Coalition Politics
The Centre-State relations have always been a crucial issue. Strengthening the federal system is necessary for preserving the unity of India. The basic structure remains to be one where legislative, administrative and financial powers are disproportionately...
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Capital, Interrupted: Agrarian Development and Politics of Work in India
Vinay Gidwani Permanent Black, Ranikhet Cant., 2008, Page: 337, Price: Rs. 750 Vinay Gidwani's Capital, Interrupted is a unique combination of both theoretical and empirical perspectives on "the very constitution of capital". The book surveys...
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Stateless in South Asia: The Chakmas between Bangladesh and India
Deepak K. Singh Sage Publication, India, 2010, Page 289, Price Rs. 695 The Stateless in South Asia by Deepak K. Singh complied with nine chapters is the only book I could say from India on stateless refugees as a central theme. It is forwarded...
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Vol. 14, No. 2, December

Indigenous Knowledge: Implications for Development
There is a real danger to the tribal cultures in the sense that they might, disappear as forces of modernization and globalization become more potent. There are people and agencies that express worry about profound loss of indigenous people and their...
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Exploring Issues of Political Participation in Rajasthan
Political participation constitutes the sine qua non of democracy. The success of democracy depends upon the propensity of its citizens to participate actively in the political system. Since most of the democracies in the world today function through...
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An Analysis of 15th Lok Sabha Election in Tamil Nadu
The Fifteenth Lok Sabha election in Tamil Nadu has dismantled the predictions of the media and established notions in electoral politics in India. Globalisation has ousted many from power in the past. But the same globalisation has helped the party...
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Relevance and Sustainability of Micro Finance in India
In the development paradigm, micro finance has become one of the promising ways to use scarce development funds to achieve the objective of poverty alleviation and to cater the so far neglected target groups. In India, both institutional and non-institutional...
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Males' Role-Relations in the Life of Female Sex Workers
Historically, prostitution, an age-old and stigmatised profession, has sucked the female of different ages due to diversified reasons where the poor economy is the main factor. But in all cases the male's deceived role has taken the significant role...
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Promoting Sustainable Development from the Grassroots Level: Indian Perspectives
Most of the development challenges have local dimension in the developing countries; therefore grassroots initiatives are indispensable for promoting sustainable development. It has been felt that local institutions can be instrumental in stimulating...
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Socio-Economic and Structural Analysis of Beggars in Aligarh City
Beggars are now a concern alike of social reformer, the politician and the social scientists to understand the problem, analyse it and find remedies for the same. It is, therefore, necessary that empirical studies should be undertaken aimed at collecting...
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Trapped in Poverty: Chronic Poor in Remote Tribal Areas
TRAPPED IN POVERTY: CHRONIC POOR IN REMOTE TRIBAL Author: D.C. Sah and Ashish Bhatt Rawat Publications, Jaipur, 2008 An extension of a pilot study by D.C. Sah and Amita Shah on chronic poverty in remote areas in India, this study narrows the...
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Vol. 14, No. 1, June

Social Exclusion and Village Democracy: Evidence from Tribal Madhya Pradesh
Introduction Rapid agricultural growth--despite a falling share of agriculture in the GDP--still fascinates imagination of researchers and the policy-makers in India. (1) The agricultural growth, along with some other measures, reduced the rural...
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Growing Regional Disparities in Economic Development in India: Implications for Infrastructure Investments
Introduction Disparities between the people, regions within a country and even between countries are the result of natural differences, socio-cultural conditions and policy decisions. Though because of inherent natural differences, it is difficult,...
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Growth and Development Perspectives in Madhya Pradesh
Introduction Madhya Pradesh (MP) has predominantly been an agrarian state economy which shows co-existence of poverty and prosperity in the state. The state's economic and demographic profile describes an economy of rural mass, poverty and growth...
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Beneficiary Perceptions of Action Fraterna's Watershed Development Programme Activities
I. Introduction Watershed programmes, inter-alia, changed the very face of rural India. This has resulted, to some extent, stopping the migration of rural population to towns and cities in India. Smaller and marginal farmers could earn their living...
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Science and the State: 'Dryland' in Postcolonial Development Discourse
I In recent years sociologists have played a crucial role in the development of a new field of study, namely environmental sociology and in the revitalization of another, the sociology of agriculture. For this reason, and more importantly because...
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Criminalization and Corruption in Bangladesh: Recent Trends and Dimensions
Introduction Admittedly, when this military-backed government took over, there were rising expectations among the large section of the people. (1) The euphoria was such that it was even lauded as a blessing in disguise. However, one has to wait...
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Insurgency in Nagaland: Possibilities of Peace
The North-Eastern Region of India has eight states viz., Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura. It covers an area of around 2,62,500 sq. kms, representing approximately 8 percent of the country's area and...
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Cultural Theory: Classical and Contemporary Positions
Cultural Theory: Classical and Contemporary Positions Editor: Edwards Tim, 2007 Sage Publications, London, 21.99 [pounds sterling], ISBN 978-0-7619-4863-6 (PB) Despite an increasing attention to questions of culture, cultural theory and cultural...
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Vol. 13, No. 2, July-December

Changing Face of Giving: NGOs Accessing Individual Giving in the Cyberspace
1. NGOs and the Changing Scenario Nonprofits, all over the world are experiencing the global phenomenal changes in information explosion, technological revolution and alternative methods of operation. Fund raising and communication together constituted...
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Elementary Education in India: Reflections on the Changing Public Policy in the Era of Liberalization
The Context The goal of Universal Elementary Education (UEE), though a constitutional obligation of state is yet to be achieved. According to latest statistics provided by Government of India the Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) (2) at elementary...
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Traditional and Modern Maternal Child Health Services in Tribal Areas: A Case Study of Dhar District
1. Introduction Maternal and child health is an important dimension of community health nursing. Health service especially meant for mothers and children is more commonly known as "Maternal and Child Health Services". The mission of maternal...
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Indian Democracy and Women's Human Rights
Democracy is the most popular system of government in the contemporary world as it is based on the will of the people. Abraham Lincoln defined, 'democracy as government of the people, by the people and for the people.' There are four main foundations...
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Domestic Violence: Issue of Violation of Human Rights of Women
Introduction Freedom not only from violence but also from the threat of violence is the first indicator of rise in women's capacity for survival and empowerment. The United Nations Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women states...
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Lokayukta: As a Machinery for Redress of Public Grievances
Modern democratic states are characterized by welfare orientation. Hence the government has come to play an important role in the socio-economic development of the nation. This resulted in the expansion of bureaucracy and the multiplication of administrative...
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Vol. 13, No. 1, January-June

Dynamics of Human Rights in a Federal Polity: The Indian Experience
Human right is the equal right of all humans to define their individual and collective identities. The promotion and protection of human rights in contemporary Indian plural society cannot be simply reduced to the universal principle of human rights....
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Changing School Environment: An Indian Experience
Introduction School education systems all over the world are continuously adapting themselves to meet the challenges of globalization. The demand for educated and skilled workers is on rise. In fact the speed at which these changes are influencing...
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Additional Member System as an Alternative to Women's Reservation
Electoral systems do have an impact on the quality of representative democracy. Different electoral laws produce different results and different types of representatives also. The electoral system also does have an impact on the nature and extent of...
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Population Pressure, Migration and Development
Sah and Shah (2003) have established that incidence of poverty in Southwestern tribal belt is alarmingly high. About three-fifths of the households in this tribal belt are categorised as chronic poor. A large part of chronic poverty is due to access...
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Credit Disbursement by Primary Agricultural Credit Societies in Madhya Pradesh: An Inter-District Analysis
Introduction Agriculture continues to be the most vital sector of Indian economy, contributing a major share to our national income and also providing livelihood to the majority of our population. A strong base of agriculture growth is must for...
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Community Involvement in Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan: An Assessment of the Village Education Committees in India
Introduction Since the Independence of our country, the Government of India has been striving hard to involve the community more and more in the system of administration and process of development. The establishment of Community Development Blocks...
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