Indian Journal of Psychiatry

Articles from Vol. 52, No. 7, September

An Overview of Indian Research in Anxiety Disorders
Byline: J. Trivedi, Pawan. Gupta Anxiety is arguably an emotion that predates the evolution of man. Its ubiquity in humans, and its presence in a range of anxiety disorders, makes it an important clinical focus. Developments in nosology, epidemiology...
An Overview of Indian Research in Bipolar Mood Disorder
Byline: Prasad. Rao This review has been done after careful research of articles published in indian journal of psychiatry with the search words of manic depressive psychosis and bipolar mood disorder. Many articles in the following areas are included:...
An Overview of Indian Research in Depression
Byline: Sandeep. Grover, Alakananda. Dutt, Ajit. Avasthi Depression as a disorder has always been a focus of attention of researchers in India. Over the last 50-60 years, large number of studies has been published from India addressing various aspects...
An Overview of Indian Research in Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Byline: Y. C.. Reddy, Naren. Rao, Sumant. Khanna Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) was considered a relatively rare disorder until about two decades ago. Since then, considerable advance has been made in understanding the various aspects of OCD...
An Overview of Indian Research in Personality Disorders
Byline: Pratap. Sharan Personality disorders have significant, but often unrealized, public health importance. The present review summarizes the published work on personality disorders in the Indian population or by Indian researchers residing in...
An Overview of Indian Research in Schizophrenia
Byline: Parmanand. Kulhara, Ruchita. Shah, K. Aarya The Indian Journal of Psychiatry published three articles in its first issue way back in 1958. Since then, it has steadily published more than 200 papers on one or the other aspect of schizophrenia....
A Review of Indian Psychiatry Research and Ethics
Byline: A. Agarwal Ethics does not seem to be a favorite topic of Indian authors. Electronic search of the IJP web site could only identify six articles which were directly related to ethics. One article discussed the relationship of ethics religion...
Biological Investigations in Indian Psychiatry
Byline: Rishikesh. Behere, Naren. Rao, Ganesan. Venkatasubramanian The biological basis of psychiatric disorders has been the focus of research in various studies across the world including India. In this selective overview we summarize findings...
Cognitive Psychiatry in India
Byline: P. Dalal, T. Sivakumar Cognitive deficits have been shown to exist in various psychiatric disorders. Though most Indian studies pertaining to cognition have been replication studies, well designed original studies have also been conducted....
Contribution of Indian Psychiatry in the Development of Psychiatry in Nepal
Byline: Tapas. Aich Psychiatric services remained virtually unknown in Nepal until 1961. The first psychiatric outpatient service was started in 1961, at Bir Hospital, Kathmandu. In 1984, the Psychiatry Department at Bir Hospital was separated and...
Disabilities Research in India
Byline: P. Kasthuri, H. Chandrashekar, C. Kumar, N. Prashanth The objective of this paper is to review all articles related to psychiatric disability that have been published in the Indian Journal of Psychiatry since its inception till date. We...
Early Intervention in Psychotic Disorders: Challenges and Relevance in the Indian Context
Byline: Matcheri. Keshavan, Amresh. Shrivastava, Bangalore. Gangadhar Over the last two decades, there has been an increasing interest in the concept of early intervention (EI) in psychotic disorders, notably schizophrenia. Several lines of research...
Forensic Psychiatry Revisited
Byline: S. Nambi Articles related to Forensic Psychiatry published in the Indian Journal of Psychiatry and Neurology and Indian Journal of Psychiatry during the last 60 years revisited. During these years, around 50 articles have been published...
From Local to Global - Contributions of Indian Psychiatry to International Psychiatry
Byline: Srinivasa. Murthy Indian psychiatrists have actively engaged with world psychiatry by contributing to understanding and care of persons with mental disorders based on the religious, cultural and social aspects of Indian life. The contributions...
History of Psychiatry in India
Byline: Haque. Nizamie, Nishant. Goyal History is a screen through which the past lightens the present and the present brightens the future. Psychiatry by virtue of its ability to deal with human thoughts and emotions and provide a pathway for healthy...
HIV and Mental Health: An Overview of Research from India
Byline: Nishanth. Jayarajan, Prabha. Chandra HIV/AIDS has gained prominence in India as a growing public health issue. There is a complex but significant interaction between mental health and HIV/AIDS. HIV affects mental health by its direct neurobiological...
Indian - American Contributions to Psychiatric Research
Byline: Anand. Pandurangi The Indian Diaspora, especially in North America, is a visible force in the field of psychiatric medicine. An estimated 5000 persons of Indian origin practice psychiatry in the USA and Canada, and an estimated 10% of these...
Indian Contribution to Behavior Therapy
Byline: K. Kuruvilla Publication of papers related to psycho-social interventions in general and Behavior Therapy, in particular, in Indian Journal of Psychiatry has been limited. Though the first paper related to Behavior Therapy was published...
Indian Culture and Psychiatry
Byline: Shiv. Gautam, Nikhil. Jain 'Culture' is an abstraction, reflecting the total way of life of a society. Culture uniquely influences mental health of people living in a given society. Similarity in thinking and understanding of mental health...
Indian Journal of Psychiatry and Psychiatric Research in India: Past, Present and Future
Byline: Ajai. Singh Commendable work has been done in psychiatric research in India as it moves in tandem with contemporary trends abroad. Indian Journal of Psychiatry (IJP), as its flag-ship publication, has mirrored this trend faithfully down...
Indian Psychiatric Epidemiological Studies: Learning from the Past
Byline: Suresh. Math, Ravindra. Srinivasaraju The objective of this paper is to provide a systematic review on the epidemiology of psychiatric disorders in India based on the data published from 1960 to 2009. Extensive search of PubMed, NeuroMed,...
Indian Psychiatry and Classification of Psychiatric Disorders
Byline: K. Jacob The contribution of Indian psychiatry to classification of mental disorders has been limited and restricted to acute and transient psychosis and to possession disorders. There is a need for leadership in research in order to match...
Indian Psychiatry and Indian Journal of Psychiatry - A Journey
Byline: T. S.. Rao, G. Swaminath, Prasad. Rao "When we climb high places of the Earth , plodding slowly at a mountaineer's pace with crampons on our boots , that we may keep foothold on the blue ice , we should stop from time to time and , steadying...
Indian Psychiatry and Research in Pakistan
Byline: Haroon. Chaudhry In Asian culture, there is much stigmatization attached on having mental health problems and seeking help from a mental health expert. It is therefore, not surprising, that this stigmatization results in the refutation of...
Indian Psychiatry, Research and Asian Countries
Byline: J. Trivedi, Pawan. Gupta, Rahul. Saha Asia has some of the largest conglomerations of human populations and also the fastest growing economies of the world. About 23% of the world's population lives in the South Asian region, and one-fifth...
Indian Psychiatry: Research and International Perspectives
Byline: Roy. Kallivayalil, Rakesh. Chadda, Juan. Mezzich Indian psychiatry has many contributions to the world psychiatry to its credit. These include active participation in the international scientific organizations, research, and also creation...
Indian Research on Acute Organic Brain Syndrome: Delirium
Byline: Charles. Pinto Delirium, though quite often referred to psychiatrists for management, does not find many takers for analysis, research and publications. Acute in onset, multiplicity of etiology and manifestations, high risk of mortality...
Indian Research on Aging and Dementia
Byline: K. Shaji, V. Jithu, K. Jyothi All the articles published in the Indian Journal of Psychiatry (IJP) from 1958 to 2009 on aging, dementia and other mental health issues of late life were systematically reviewed. There were only a limited number...
Indian Research on Comorbidities
Byline: Ashish. Srivastava, K. Sreejayan, Anup. Joseph, P. S. V. N.. Sharma The objective of this paper is to provide a review on the psychiatric comorbidity research in India based on the data published in the last six decades. The comorbidity...
Indian Research on Disaster and Mental Health
Byline: Nilamadhab. Kar The primary source for this annotation on disaster mental health research is the Indian Journal of Psychiatry. Key words like disasters, earthquake, cyclone, tsunami and flood were searched from its electronic database and...
Indian Research on Sleep Disorders
Byline: Nilesh. Shah, Abha. Bang, Aparna. Bhagat Literature on sleep disorders from our country, India, can mainly be found in the Indian journal of Sleep medicine, Indian Journal of psychiatry, The Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology and certain...
Indian Research on Suicide
Byline: Lakshmi. Vijayakumar The suicide rate in India is 10.3. In the last three decades, the suicide rate has increased by 43% but the male female ratio has been stable at 1.4 : 1. Majority (71%) of suicide in India are by persons below the age...
Indian Research on Women and Psychiatry
Byline: Rakesh. Chadda, Mamta. Sood The paper discusses research on various issues related to mental health specific to women, published mainly in the Indian Journal of Psychiatry. We carried out a manual search of all the issues of the journal....
Indian Scales and Inventories
Byline: S. Venkatesan This conceptual, perspective and review paper on Indian scales and inventories begins with clarification on the historical and contemporary meanings of psychometry before linking itself to the burgeoning field of clinimetrics...
Initiatives in Biological Research in Indian Psychiatry
Byline: Amresh. Shrivatava Biological psychiatry is an exploratory science for mental health. These biological changes provide some explicit insight into the complex area of 'brain-mind and behavior'. One major achievement of research in biological...
Learning and Other Developmental Disorders in India
Byline: Philip. John Articles that include Learning and Developmental Disorders have been gathered from the Indian Journal of Psychiatry (IJP) archives, and are broadly discussed. Learning disorders (LD) are not pure syndromes. They are developmental...
Liaison Psychiatry and Indian Research
Byline: S. Parkar, N. Sawant Liaison in Psychiatry refers to the branch of Psychiatry involving assessment and treatment in the general hospital of referred patients, like in the casualty, or patients of deliberate self farm. The Indian scene also...
Military Psychiatry in India
Byline: H. R. A.. Prabhu Military personnel, because of the unique nature of their duties and services, are likely to be under stress which at times has no parallel in civilian life. The stress of combat and service in extreme weather conditions...
Molecular Biology Research in Neuropsychiatry: India's Contribution
Byline: T. S.. Rao, B. Ramesh, P. Vasudevaraju, K. S. J.. Rao Neuropsychiatric disorders represent the second largest cause of morbidity worldwide. These disorders have complex etiology and patho-physiology. The major lacunae in the biology of the...
Mutual Learning and Research Messages: India, UK, and Europe
Byline: Gurvinder. Kalra, Dinesh. Bhugra India and UK have had a long history together, since the times of the British Raj. Most of what Indian psychiatry is today, finds its roots in ancient Indian texts and medicine systems as much as it is influenced...
Partnerships for Promoting Dissemination of Mental Health Research Globally
Byline: Helen. Herrman Low-and middle-income countries (LAMIC), with more than 80% of the global population, bear the greatest burden of mental disorders. Yet these countries are very under-represented in published psychiatric research. There are...
Postgraduate Training in Psychiatry in India
Byline: Shridhar. Sharma This review traces the evolution of modern medical education in India on the one hand and the formation of the Indian Psychiatric Society and the progress of postgraduate psychiatric education on the other hand, all in the...
Psyche and Soma: New Insights into the Connection
Byline: Rahul. Kumar, Vikram. Yeragani The interaction of Psyche and Soma are well known and this interaction happens through a complex network of feedback, medication, and modulation among the central and autonomic nervous systems, the endocrine...
Psychiatric Rehabilitation
Byline: H. Chandrashekar, N. Prashanth, P. Kasthuri, S. Madhusudhan Psychiatric rehabilitation is an important component in the management of the mentally ill. This article presents a selective review of the publications in this journal. Questions...
Psychiatrists and Neuroscientists of Indian Origin in Canada: Glimpses
Byline: Amresh. Shrivastava, D. Natarajan Psychiatrists of Indian origin are popular in Canada, being firmly rooted in the Canadian mental health system, and they have been making considerable contributions internationally. The Indian Psychiatric...
Psychotherapy in India
Byline: L. S. S.. Manickam The articles that appeared in Indian Journal of Psychiatry were related to different areas of psychotherapy. Case reports dealt with a wide variety of cases. The review papers focused on the suitability of psychotherapy...
Publications on Community Psychiatry
Byline: R. Thara, Sushma. Rameshkumar, C. Mohan Care and treatment outside the setting of mental hospitals have been termed community psychiatry. This paper, based largely on publications on this subject in the IJP, discusses work on development...
Research in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry in India
Byline: Priyavadan. Shastri, Jay. Shastri, Dimple. Shastri The primary source for this annotation on child and adolescent psychiatry is Indian Journal of Psychiatry. Articles covering various dimensions of child and adolescent mental health were...
Research on Antidepressants in India
Byline: Ajit. Avasthi, Sandeep. Grover, Munish. Aggarwal Data suggests that antidepressants are useful in the management of depressive disorders, anxiety disorders, sexual dysfunction, eating disorders, impulse control disorders, enuresis, aggression...
Research on Antipsychotics in India
Byline: Ajit. Avasthi, Munish. Aggarwal, Sandeep. Grover, Mohd Khalid. Khan Antipsychotic as a class of medications became available for treatment of various psychiatric disorders in the early 1950's. Over the last 60 years many antipsychotics have...
Research on Electroconvulsive Therapy in India: An Overview
Byline: Bangalore. Gangadhar, Vivek. Phutane, Jagadisha. Thirthalli The contribution of researchers from India in the field of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has been substantial. Over 250 papers have been published by authors from India in the...
Research on Mood Stabilizers in India
Byline: Ajit. Avasthi, Sandeep. Grover, Munish. Aggarwal Mood stabilizers have revolutionized the treatment of bipolar affective disorders. We review data originating from India in the form of efficacy, effectiveness, usefulness, safety and tolerability...
Research Priorities for Indian Psychiatry
Byline: Vikram. Patel This article summarises the findings of recent priority setting exercises for psychiatric research and of a mapping of research capacity and resources in south Asia. The priorities for research in the region, as in other developing...
Role of Non-Governmental Organizations in Mental Health in India
Byline: R. Thara, Vikram. Patel The paucity of treatment facilities and psychiatrists in the Government sector has widened the treatment gap in mental health. Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have played a significant role in the last few decades...
Sexuality Research in India: An Update
Byline: Om. Prakash, T. Sathyanarayana Rao This review provides the available evidence on sexual dysfunctions in India. Most of the studies have concentrated on male sexual dysfunction and hardly a few have voiced the sexual problems in females....
Sexual Variation in India: A View from the West
Byline: Gurvinder. Kalra, Susham. Gupta, Dinesh. Bhugra Sexual variation has been reported across cultures for millennia. Sexual variation deals with those facets of sexual behavior which are not necessarily pathological. It is any given culture...
Shared Challenges in Psychiatric Research in India and Sri Lanka
Byline: Harischandra. Gambheera, Shehan. Williams The need for good research in psychiatry has never been more important than in this era of 'Evidence-based medicine' (EBM).[sup][1] The countries in south Asia have to rise to the challenge and abandon...
Substance Use and Addiction Research in India
Byline: Pratima. Murthy, N. Manjunatha, B. Subodh, Prabhat. Chand, Vivek. Benegal Substance use patterns are notorious for their ability to change over time. Both licit and illicit substance use cause serious public health problems and evidence...
The Evolution of Indian Psychiatric Research: An Examination of the Early Decades of the Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Byline: Rajiv. Radhakrishnan, Chittaranjan. Andrade Research in psychiatry has travelled far since the inception of the Indian Journal of Psychiatry (IJP) in 1949. We reviewed publications in the IJP during its initial three decades to identify...
Training and National Deficit of Psychiatrists in India - A Critical Analysis
Byline: M. Thirunavukarasu, P. Thirunavukarasu, M. Thirunavukarasu, P. Thirunavukarasu India is the second most populous country in the world, with an estimated current population of 1.17 billion. This article aims to estimate the deficit of psychiatrists...
Understanding and Managing Somatoform Disorders: Making Sense of Non-Sense
Byline: Roy. Kallivayalil, Varghese. Punnoose Somatization is a clinical and public health problem as it can lead to social dysfunction, occupational difficulties and increased healthcare use. Hence understanding somatoform disorders is of paramount...
Women Psychiatrists in India: A Reflection of Their Contributions
Byline: Mamta. Sood, Rakesh. Chadda The increasing number of women joining psychiatry is a relatively new phenomenon in the field of medicine. Keeping with the trends world over, the number of women psychiatrists in India has been on the rise over...