International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health

Founded in 1975, International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, formerly International Family Planning Perspectives, is a peer-reviewed journal published quarterly by Guttmacher Institute. Articles include information about sexual and reproductive health in Africa, Latin America, the Caribbean and Asia.

Articles from Vol. 38, No. 3, September

Antiretroviral Therapy Given to Mother or Child Reduces Risk of HIV Transmission from Breast-Feeding
A 28-week regimen of antiretroviral prophylactic therapy during breast-feeding reduces the risk of mother-to-child HIV transmission for up to 48 weeks, whether the drugs are given to the mother or the infant. (1) In a randomized controlled trial conducted...
As Circumcision Wound Heals, Some Men Ignore Advice to Abstain from Sex
Many Zambian men who undergo circumcision have sex during the healing period, putting themselves and their partners at risk for HIV, according to a recent observational study. (1) Despite having been advised to abstain from sex for six weeks following...
Attitudes and Intentions regarding Abortion Provision among Medical School Students in South Africa
CONTEXT: Although South Africa liberalized its abortion law in 1996, significant barriers still impede service provision, including the lack of trained and willing providers. A better understanding is needed of medical students' attitudes, beliefs...
Contraceptives Prevented a Quarter of a Million Deaths Worldwide in 2008
An estimated 272,000 maternal deaths were averted worldwide by contraceptive use in 2008, according to an analysis of data from 172 developing and developed countries. (1) Globally, more than 342,000 women aged 15-49 died in 2008 because of complications...
Feasibility of Expanding the Medication Abortion Provider Base in India to Include Ayurvedic Physicians and Nurses
CONTEXT: The availability of trained abortion providers is limited in India. Allowing ayurvedic physicians and nurses to perform medication abortions may improve women's access to the procedure, but it is unclear whether these clinicians can provide...
Guidelines for Authors
International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health is a peer-reviewed research journal serving researchers, policymakers, program administrators and service providers in developing countries. The journal invites submissions based on qualitative...
In Malawi, End of One's Reproductive Years Does Not Mean End of HIV Risk
Results of a Malawian study suggest that, contrary to usual practices, individuals aged 50 or older should not be routinely excluded from HIV (1) studies, as many of these individuals remain sexually active and at risk for HIV.; Although levels of...
In This Issue
About 44 million abortions were performed worldwide in 2008, the most recent year for which data are available; more than four in five took place in developing countries. In many of these countries, abortions are illegal under most circumstances, and...
Legal Abortion Levels and Trends by Woman's Age at Termination
CONTEXT: Assessments of abortion levels and trends by women's age at termination can be used to monitor trends in unintended pregnancy by age and can inform relevant programs and policies. METHODS: Legal abortion incidence data were compiled from...
Reproductive Health Clinicians in Southern Africa Often Counsel Male Clients about Circumcision
In national surveys examining providers' practices and attitudes regarding the use of male circumcision for HIV prevention, many South African and Zimbabwean clinicians who provided STI or contraceptive services reported that they also performed male...
The Incidence of Menstrual Regulation Procedures and Abortion in Bangladesh, 2010
CONTEXT: Bangladesh is unique in including menstrual regulation (MR) services as part of the government family planning program, despite having a highly restrictive abortion law. The only national estimates of MR and abortion incidence are from a 1995...
Use of Medicines Changing the Face of Abortion
Medication abortion (also commonly referred to as medical abortion) is arguably the most important advance in reproductive health technology since the discovery of oral contraceptives. This simple process, involving the use of pins rather than invasive...
Voucher Program Increases Use of Maternal Health Services in Bangladesh
A pilot program that provided vouchers to pregnant women in Bangladesh was effective in increasing use of maternal health services, a recent analysis suggests. (1) After initiation of the program, which provided free access to antenatal care, institutional...