Issues in Informing Science & Information Technology

Articles from Vol. 5, Annual

A Framework for Information Security Management Based on Guiding Standards: A United States Perspective
Introduction Information is widely exchanged in business transactions among employees, partners, customers, and other stakeholders. The technological capabilities of the internet enable a wealth of information to be gathered, combined, and disseminated,...
A Longitudinal Analysis of the Effects of Instructional Strategies on Student Performance in Traditional and E-Learning Formats
Introduction As the institution of higher education repositions to move forward in the e-learning paradigm, quality issues that directly impact student performance are of paramount importance (Husson & Waterman, 2002; Sweat-Guy & Buzzetto-More;...
An Evolving Road Map: Student Perceptions of and Contributions to Graphic Organizers within an Academic Wiki
Introduction Collaborative websites, or wikis, have attracted attention for their academic potential (Wang et al, 2005). By providing users with the means to engage in discovery learning and easily produce versatile online content, wikis engage...
Assessment of School Information System Utilization in the UAE Primary Schools
Introduction Information Technology in Education Management (ITEM) was initially introduced to keep student records and to control school finances (Fung, Visscher, Barta, & Theater, 1997). The concept of ITEM first appeared under different...
Blogs-The New Source of Data Analysis
Introduction Individual expression has evolved into a new and useful form. Blogs have become an important form of emotional and informational release for a growing proportion of the population. Commencing with an overview of the development of...
Comparing Two Program Contents with IT2005 Body of Knowledge
Introduction This paper builds on a previously published paper by the same authors. In the first paper Ali, Kohun, and Wood (2007) compared two program contents with Computing Curriculum 2005 (CC2005) knowledge area. The previous study concluded...
Curriculum Change and the Evolution of Postgraduate E-Business Subjects
Introduction About ten years ago many universities in Australia, and also around the world, began introducing new e-business subject matter and materials at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels. In some cases this represented complete courses...
Design, Development, and Implementation of an Open Source Learning Object Repository (OSLOR)
Introduction Learning Objects (LOs) are assumed to exhibit at least three essential characteristics: 1) accessibility, 2) interoperability, and 3) reusability. Du Plessis & Koohang (2005) stated that learning objects' accessibility, interoperability,...
Designing Digital Portfolios for Technology Support Students
Introduction Using digital or electronic portfolios has been increasing at a rapid rate and also has been capturing the attention of many in academia. Batson (2002) for example, described the development of digital portfolios as "the biggest...
Developing a Model of Next Generation Knowledge Management
Introduction This paper presents a view of the evolution of the use of Knowledge and Knowledge Management (KM) through four stages, and suggests a composite model for Next Generation Knowledge Management (NGKM), derived from the theories presented...
Does the Customer Know Best? the Results of a Survey on E-Commerce Development
Introduction Since the 1960's it has been generally acknowledged that user participation in the Information Systems (IS) development process increases the likelihood of project success (Barki & Hartwick, 1994; Foster & Franz, 1999). Put...
Efficient Consumer Response (ECR) Practices as Responsible for the Creation of Knowledge and Sustainable Competitive Advantages in the Grocery Industry
Introduction The Efficient Consumer Response initiatives (ECR) have their origin in the United States, after the Annual Conference of the Food Marketing Institute and previous to a pioneer action coming from Walt Mart, with the main purpose of...
Engaging Student Teachers in Peer Learning Via a Blended Learning Environment
Introduction Peer learning is a kind of cooperative learning approach, which is a two-way reciprocal learning activity (Boud, Cohen, & Sampson, 2001). Peer learning encourages meaningful learning, which essentially involves learners teaching,...
Highs and Lows of Implementing a Management Strategy Eliminating 'Free Passengers' in Group Projects
Introduction It is now well established that the IT industry, along with possibly every other industry, wants graduates who are able to work effectively in groups, and many university courses are consequently now using group projects. Benefits...
ICT Attitudinal Characteristics and Use Level of Nigerian Teachers
Introduction Information and Communication Technology has enhanced teachers' professional knowledge, skill, and capabilities by extending their subject knowledge, enabling planning and preparation for teaching to be more efficient (Leach, 2005)....
Identification of Design Patterns for Mobile Services with J2ME
Introduction Patterns are used and repeated in everyday life. For, example, to make a cup of tea, we need to boil water, add tea, milk and finally sugar. The steps could be executed in any order but will the preparation process remain efficient,...
Impact of Motivation on Intentions in Online Learning: Canada vs China
Introduction It is widely accepted today that the impact of Internet technologies is significant on every aspect of people's life. This impact is felt in the ever increasing pace of transformation of the higher education sector, while more and...
Improving Information Security Risk Analysis Practices for Small- and Medium-Sized Enterprises: A Research Agenda
Introduction It is commonly accepted that IT security countermeasures are imperfect thus organizations must be prepared to manage risk rather than attempt to eliminate it (Alberts & Dorofee, 2002; McCumber, 2005; Peltier, 2005; Schneier,...
Improving Progression and Satisfaction Rates of Novice Computer Programming Students through ACME-Analogy, Collaboration, Mentoring, and Electronic Support
Introduction Computer programming is an integral part of a computer science curriculum and a major stumbling block for many students, particularly in the first year of study. Many of those students find programming difficult to grasp, let alone...
Informing for Operations: The First Principia
Foreword and Background Many streams of research deal with informing, a real interdisciplinary mix: cybernetics (a study of communication and control processes), operations research (analysis of processes for decision making), operations management,...
Informing through User-Centered Exploratory Search and Human-Computer Interaction Strategies
Introduction Information Retrieval is a well defined discipline with solid foundations in mathematics and other sciences. The tools utilized for Information Retrieval are created and developed from mathematical equations and scientific methods...
In Search of New Identity for LIS Discipline, with Some References to Iran
Introduction Nowadays the library and information sciences (LIS) have reached to its highest degree of attention and I think it is mostly due to the electronic development. By electronic development which is presented through internet and intranet...
In Search of SecondLife Nirvana
Introduction Teaching and learning are undergoing a paradigm shift not only with respect to constructive alignment with student needs, but also to the creation of an extended learning environment outside traditional classroom walls. Teams are...
Interweaving Rubrics in Information Systems Program Assessments- Experiences from Action Research at Two Universities
Introduction Educational assessment is an important aspect in promoting improvement in student learning and greater accountability in higher education. Its role is emphasized also by accrediting organizations at professional and regional levels....
Is Strategic Decision-Making: A Garbage Can View
Introduction Developing information systems (IS) strategies and choosing the right IS portfolio for an organization--involve decision-making, such as identifying the right IS projects, deciding how best to organize the IS staff, and specifying...
Issues and Challenges in Selecting Content for Web Design Courses
Introduction The rapid development of web based technologies has created excitement among educators of web design curriculum. This excitement may sometimes result in a rush to introduce the latest technologies into the classroom without fully...
Is Usage Predictable Using Belief-Attitude-Intention Paradigm?
Introduction The benefits of information technology (IT) on individuals (Bernard, 2004; Leidner & Elam., 1993-94), groups(Leidner & Fuller, 1997) and organizations usage (Devaraj & Kohli., 2003) have driven information systems (IS)...
IT Control Objectives for Implementing the Public Finance Management Act in South Africa
Introduction The interests of organisations in the public sector differ from those of the private sector. While the private sector is driven by business survival, the public sector is driven by political survival. However the mechanisms that...
Lean Supply Chains, JIT and Cellular Manufacturing-The Human Side
Introduction Lean manufacturing has been the symbol of efficiency and optimal performance since the 1980's, mainly due to its association with the automotive industry and Toyota. It has been shown to outperform the traditional production model...
Linking Theory, Practice and System-Level Perception: Using a PBL Approach in an Operating Systems Course
Introduction In the modern world practical computer science integrates scientific subjects and technological applications. The dynamics of the field of computing along with the strengthening of ties between the various sciences and technology...
Mobile Phones and Children: An Australian Perspective
Introduction "Mum/Dad, Can you pick me up, please?" This is a common telephone call most Australian parents receive from their teenage children sometime late at night on weekends. Australian teenagers of both sexes often go out with friends on...
Object-Oriented Hypermedia Design and J2EE Technology for Web-Based Applications
Introduction Nowadays, the web is one of the most important communication channels which can be accessed on various platforms around the clock all over the world. The internet encompasses more than 10 trillion pages and has about 1 billion users....
Online Privacy Analysis and Hints for Its Improvement
Introduction Twentieth century technology provides various communication means. The Internet is a powerful interactive and multimedia communication medium offering numerous activities. Many companies utilize the Internet for the enlargement of their...
Open Online Assignment Submission: First Year Students' Behavior and Views
Introduction Homework assignments are a necessary and usual component of learning at all education levels. They are intended to promote assimilation and application of principles and procedures presented in class. Homework assignments can engage...
Proposal of an Instructional Design for Teaching the Requirement Process for Designing Information Systems
Introduction In the field of information systems (IS) design, the requirement process and related fields are growing in importance. Despite their importance, the development of human resources in these fields does not appear to be proceeding...
Requirements Elicitation-What's Missing?
Introduction Requirements engineering starts with requirements elicitation. This paper initially looks at what research has told us about requirements elicitation and what we still need to know. A study is proposed to further our understanding....
Sustaining Negotiated QoS in Connection Admission Control for ATM Networks Using Fuzzy Logic Techniques
Introduction The major objective of ATM is to integrate real-time information such as voice and video with non-real-time computer data, within the same transmission and switching medium ("TechArena Community", 2007). Data requires very low Bit...
Teaching in Virtual Worlds: Opportunities and Challenges
Introduction Jennifer James (1997) identified technology as one of four primary societal influencers that will have a significant impact on the future. This societal influence will usher in a period of rapid, technological change to which society,...
The Conceptual Model of a Web Learning Portal for Small and Medium Sized Enterprises
Introduction In the contemporary economy knowledge has become a basic and strategic resource. Improving employees' competencies that include knowledge and skills is now a must. A professional life of any employee is understood as a continuous...
The Development of Students Geometrical Thinking through Transformational Processes and Interaction Techniques in a Dynamic Geometry Environment
Introduction Applying Comenius' rationale that "learning has been becoming more and more an activity", Freudenthal (1971, p. 415) adds that he dismisses the question "whether people learn better by active building up the subject than by passive...
The Effect of Student Background in E-Learning-Longitudinal Study
Introduction Management philosopher Peter Drucker forecasted: "Universities won't survive. The future is outside the traditional campus. Distance learning is coming on fast."(Drucker, 1997) Even though online education is being offered by many...
The Social Cost of the Integration of Information and Communication Technologies, Information, Education and Communication, on the Young of the Republic of Mauritius
Introduction The growing interest in the impact of ICT on the life of the population of countries all over the world has prompted us to analyze what researchers in other countries have found out on the subject. A survey of works carried out in...
The Theory of Infoledge: A Logical, Mathematical, and Geometrical Interpretation
Introduction Knowledge transfer questions: how, what and who energize the interest of researchers to revise the road map from information to knowledge, where the goals and interests definitely differ. According to Boisot and Griffith (2001) defined...
Training Information Brokers: A Curriculum Model
Introduction Designing and launching an entirely new program, leading to bachelor degree, is a challenging job for every school, especially if this program is a new one not only for the school itself, but globally. Such project requires allocation...
Use of the Normalized Word Vector Approach in Document Classification for an LKMC
Introduction Many small businesses and entrepreneurs lack the time and resources to properly conduct competitive intelligence (CI) activities. Operational issues take up most of the owners' time and leave few other resources to devote to CI activities....
Using a Learner-Centered Approach to Teach ICT in Secondary Schools: An Exploratory Study
Introduction The new national curriculum for schools in Norway from 2006 requires teachers to acquire a high degree of digital literacy in all subjects (Erstad, 2006; Krumsvik, 2006). However, in order to incorporate digital literacy in an effective...
Using Roles of Variables to Enhance Novice's Debugging Work
Introduction Programming is a complex cognitive skill. Most students face a lot of new challenges in learning the basic skills required to design and implement even small programs. Several extensive inter national studies have confirmed this,...
Warranty and the Risk of Misinforming: Evaluation of the Degree of Acceptance
Introduction This paper is an extension of our previous findings presented in Christozov, Chukova, and Mateev (2006, 2007). We address an open problem posted earlier related to the evaluation of, so called, degree of acceptance of a product by...