American Libraries

Articles from Vol. 35, No. 2, February

A Brief History of Library Service to African Americans; Self-Education Paved the Way on the 300-Year Journey toward Equal Access
Although rarely examined in much depth, the development of library services for African Americans provides a rich and complex record of social, economic, and intellectual evolution, and parallels in many ways that of the literary activities of white...
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Advocacy Grows @ Your Library; after Nearly Three Years of Effort, How Is the Campaign for America's Libraries Going? What's It Changed? and How Is It Getting Done?
The goals are simple, though perhaps not simple to achieve: 1) increase awareness and support for libraries, 2) increase library usage, 3) promote recruitment to the profession, 4) bring libraries to the table on key public-policy issues, and 5) ultimately...
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Atlanta-Fulton Litigants Get $18 Million
Almost four years after nine upper-management librarians filed a reverse-discrimination suit against the Atlanta-Fulton Public Library, the Fulton County Commission has agreed to an $18-million settlement, which is being paid in three installments....
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Black American Pioneer Left a Legacy at LC
In 1871, Daniel Alexander Payne Murray began working at the Library of Congress at the age of 19. During this time period, librarians were mostly trained through apprenticeships. The fact that Murray received a yearly salary of $1,400 indicates he...
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Currents: Professionals on the Move
Richard Akeroyd recently began as state librarian of New Mexico. * Amia L. Baker has been named information services/instruction librarian at Vanderbilt University's Walker Management Library in Nashville, Tennessee. * Vicky Baker is the new area administrator...
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Digital Opportunity or Flashy Fizzle? the UN's World Summit on the Information Society
The first of two phases of the United Nations World Summit on the Information Society took place December 10-12 in the vast hangars that make up the Palexpo exhibition center adjacent to the Geneva, Switzerland, airport. Tight security, helicopters...
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FBI Almanac Alert Prompts Unintended Reactions
In the December 24 edition of its weekly online Intelligence Bulletin containing information on terrorism that goes to 18,000 police organizations nationwide, the FBI warned law-enforcement officers to be on the lookout for suspicious persons carrying...
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FOLUSA Turns 25: For a Quarter of a Century, Friends of Libraries U.S.A. Has United Library Advocates
While libraries have changed dramatically over the past 100 years, Friends groups--the citizens who support libraries with their time and money--continue to play the same crucial role they did during the days of Andrew Carnegie: ensuring the viability...
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Global Reach
SCOTLAND Aberdeen University has called in a debt-collection firm in an effort to recover unreturned library books from students, the Edinburgh Scotsman reported January 13. The uncharacteristically heavy-handed tactic prompted students, who have...
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Grassroots Report: Generosity of Spirit for a Great Library
Public libraries came into being to allow people to read and learn freely, even if they couldn't afford to buy books. Recently, though, New York Public Library has begun asking the public to contribute small amounts to the library's book fund--and...
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Internet Librarian: Andrew Carnegie, Seattle, and the Internet
It's February in Seattle. If that conjures images of hip people in Gore-Tex and fleece clutching lattes and dodging rain, you're mostly right. (We don't dodge--what's the point?) This year, though, February will be a little brighter, as a few thousand...
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LC Team Urges New National Library for Iraq
The present Iraq National Library building in Baghdad is unsuitable to function as a library, according to a report released November 28 by a Library of Congress team that visited the war-torn capital October 17-November 3. The report advises the Iraqi...
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Librarian's Library: Resources for Continuing Education
Abracadabra! Add some fun to your library instruction program with Magical Library Lessons by Lynne Farrell Stover. Writing for librarians working with students in grades 4-8, Stover shares 15 lesson plans based on the imaginative worlds of popular...
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Library Connections Open Doors in Uruguay; the Bibliored Network Is Making Public Libraries an Essential Factor in Expanding Democracy and Equality in Montevideo
One step ahead of many other developing countries, the progressive South American nation of Uruguay has moved forcefully into the information revolution. During a seven-month visit there in 2001-2002, I had a chance to investigate how this effort has...
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New York Times Honors 27 Librarians
In a December 16 awards ceremony, the New York Times gave $2,500 apiece to 27 U.S. librarians who had been selected to receive the 2003 New York Times Librarian Awards. The third annual presentation of the award, this year marked the first time that...
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Obituaries
Dana L. Bennett Alessi, 60, who worked for Blackwell North America from 1978 until 1989 and was director of sales and marketing for academic libraries at Baker and Taylor Books from 1989 to 1999, died November 26. Active in the profession since the...
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Objections Perfectly Normal, Says Colorado Mom
An Evans, Colorado, mother vowed to picket the Weld Library District after the board declined her request to pull the sex-education book It's Perfectly Normal. Jeannie McAllister defended her challenge at the board's December 15 meeting by explaining...
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On My Mind: From Information Literacy to Information Fluency
Our goal as librarians is to help our patrons become familiar with information resources and improve their information-gathering and evaluating skills. We want our patrons to be efficient and effective information-gatherers and lifelong learners. The...
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Pennsylvania Restores Only $10 Million in Cuts
Pennsylvania librarians failed in their efforts to convince Gov. Ed Rendell to restore the 50% reduction in state aid to libraries he proposed in his 2003-04 state budget (AL, May 2003, p. 15), although the final version signed by the governor December...
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President's Message: Advocacy from the outside and from Within
Library advocacy can take many forms and include countless people. From telling fellow shoppers in the grocery line how libraries have changed to speaking up at a city council hearing in support of better salaries for library workers, everyone who...
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Providence Athenaeum Embroiled in Audubon Controversy
Jonathan Bengtson, executive director of the Providence (R.I.) Athenaeum, announced December 5 he was resigning to take a position as chief librarian of the University of St. Michael's College at the University of Toronto, effective February 15. The...
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Quick Bibs: More from My Bedside Table
The TV tray I optimistically call my bedside table is once again overflowing with galleys (and the odd coffee cup). The last time I used this column to report on an archaeological dig through my TV tray, the findings were mainly books I had intended...
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Regina PL Friends Group Seeks Ruling on Closings
The Friends of Regina (Sask.) Public Library filed an application with the Court of Queen's Bench December 31 to prevent the library board from closing three branches, the Dunlop Art Gallery, and the Prairie History Room because of a $1-million operations...
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Saving Ourselves: Plural Funding for Public Libraries: Can Libraries Break Their Dependence on Tax Monies by Following NPR's Example?
Today, public libraries find themselves in the midst of what ALA is calling the "deepest budget cuts in history." ALA has responded to the crisis by launching a Campaign to Save America's Libraries in the hope of bringing some pressure to bear to keep...
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Technically Speaking: Winners and Losers in the LMS Market
In the fourth quarter of 2003, library management system (LMS) vendors reported 87 sales resulting in new customers and 31 same-vendor migrations from legacy systems. Yet only 22 (roughly 25%) of new customer sales were libraries that converted from...
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The Association's Associations: ACRL Offers Development Opportunities
The Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL) is dedicated to enhancing the effectiveness of academic and research librarians. To better align programs, services, and resources with member needs, ACRL began a comprehensive two-year strategic...
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The Crawford Files: OpenURL Meets Open Access
Many of you know about OpenURL, the standard that makes it easy for libraries to link citation and bibliographic databases to full-text and other resources. You may also have heard of Open Access, a set of initiatives to make scholarly articles available...
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When the Language Police Come Knocking
The language police have been putting in overtime lately on the American Libraries beat, ferreting out isms and sniffing for political correctness. First there was the reader who objected to the use of the word "Negro" in a historical piece on school-library...
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Working Knowledge: Salary Negotiation 101
Q Until my position was eliminated four months ago, I worked as a special librarian for a corporation on the West Coast. Although I want to be appropriately compensated, I feel desperate to take any job offer that comes my way at most any salary. How...
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