UNESCO Courier

Articles from December

At the Frontiers of Science and Technology
AUSTRALIAN scientific brilliance has been kept secret for far too long. Although they constitute barely 0.3 per cent of the world's population, Australians produce 2 per cent of the world's scientific papers each year. The standard of this work...
Dreamtime Stories; the Living History of Aboriginal Art
THE Aboriginal art of Australia belongs to the world's oldest living art tradition, unbroken for thousands of years. It continues to survive and develop because it has been retained and treasured in the memories of successive generations of Aboriginal...
Editorial
On 26 January 1788, a British fleet sailed into Sydney Cove, a small inlet on the east coast of Australia, and established a penal colony. In the years that followed, what had been a place of exile for some of its first European inhabitants became...
Long-Range Learning
Australian education responds to the challenge of distance AUSTRALIANS have always had to contend with the factor of distance. Early forms of adaptation to remoteness and low population density included the one-teacher school and the itinerant...
Steps to Nationhood
AUSTRALIA'S first settlers were the Aboriginals, hunters and food gatherers who are believed to have migrated from Asia 40,000 years ago. They lived undisturbed for many centuries, during which the only other visitors to Australia may have been Indonesian...
The Australian Cinema; from the Kelly Gang to Crocodile Dundee
THE early decades of the twentieth century saw a flourishing period of feature film production in Australia. Film-makers had begun making documentaries of dally life, combined film and slide shows, and background films for stage plays as early as...
The Land and the People; Facts and Figures
AUSTRALIA is the onlynation to occupy an entirecontinent. With a surface area of 7,682,300 km.sup.2, it is nearly as large as the United States excluding Alaska and Hawaii and almost twice the combined areas of India and Pakistan. The coastline...
The Natural Legacy
AUSTRALIA is the only country to occupy a whole continent. Mainland Australia together with the island State of Tasmania occupies some 7.7 million square kilometres, making the country the sixth largest in the world, after the Soviet Union, Canada,...
The Unknown Art of Australia
LIKE the first Australian art created by the Aboriginal people, the highly distinctive art that has developed in Australia since European settlement in 1788 is rarely mentioned in general histories of art. Why is this so? There are two important...
Who Are the Australians?
An Australian historian looks at his country's development in the 200 years since European settlement AUSTRALIA has always seemed a bit of a paradox in the eyes of the rest of the world. Medieval navigators talked of a Great South Land of gold...