UNESCO Courier

Articles from June

Against Intolerance
THE world vacillates between indifference and intolerance. Fellow feeling seems to be a thing of the past. Indifference is a serious matter. In the big cities, in Western societies, wherever small human communities are withering away or have already...
An Awkward Virtue
THE difficulty with tolerance is that it seems to be at once necessary and impossible. It is necessary where different groups have conflicting beliefs--moral, political or religious--and realize that there is no alternative to their living together;...
Black Africa's Open Societies
TOLERANCE has always held a preeminent position in the thought of many African peoples. In West Africa, for example, it is the fundamental principle on which the entire social life of the Senegambian region is built, governing the interaction between...
Earth's Ozone Shield under Threat
The ozone layer, the tenuous layer of gas that surrounds our planet between twelve and forty-five kilometres above our heads, is being rapidly depleted. Seasonally occurring holes have appeared in it over the Poles and, more recently, over the temperate...
Francesco Di Castri
Several theories have been advanced to explain the formation of the Earth and the appearance of life upon it. Which of these theories do you support ? - As far as environmental considerations are concerned, interest focuses much more on questions...
Gandhi and the Struggle for Non-Violence
IT is impossible to discuss the subject of tolerance today without referring to the thought and action of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (1869-1948), known to the world as Mahatma ("great soul"). Yet the word tolerance appears only rarely in his works...
Islam: A Conflict of Models
IN what sense can we speak of tolerance in an Islamic context? The tolerance sought after nowadays stems from the very situation that down the centuries gave rise to the intolerance of the traditional religious systems, underpinned as they were by...
Oscar Niemeyer Talks to Edouard Bailby
* At eighty-four years of age, with more than three hundred projects already built or at the planning stage and with Brasilia as the pinnacle of your achievement, you can justifiably claim to be the most prolific architect of the century. Do you still...
The Balancing Act in the Vondelpark
LIFE can often be as sordid as a floor cloth, dingy and ragged from constant contact with the mundane. But it does offer wonderful moments. Like yesterday. Taking one step forwards then two steps back, incipient summer was behaving with the coy...
The Road to Sagarmatha
SAGARMATHA, Everest or Qomolangma, as it is known in Nepal, Europe and Tibet respectively, is the world's highest mountain, with an elevation of 8,848 metres above sea level. It is also one of the world's most extraordinary places, for at least two...
Voltaire, Crusader against Tyranny
IN social terms a value, and in those who practice it a virtue, tolerance nevertheless seems to have been a new idea in the eighteenth century. This may not seem to square with the usual stereotype of that period, which in Europe was supposedly marked...