UNESCO Courier

Articles from September

A New Partnership
TEACHERS once belonged to a self-confident, prestigious profession, strong in numbers and highly thought of by the general public. But since the early 1980s, when education came to the forefront as one of the major preoccupations of our time, two...
Atahualpa Yupanqui
"We walk upon this earth, and when we are very tired we find refuge beneath it." A wandering minstrel who sang of nature and of humankind and loved the freedom of the open road, the Argentine musician and poet Atahualpa Yupanqui died in Paris a few...
From Socrates to Spinoza
IN the Western world, philosophy is often seen as an autonomous activity involving the use of reason, free from interference by the authorities and answerable only to itself, each philosopher being responsible for his or her own thinking rather than...
Homer and the Greek Ideal
THE two great epic poems of ancient Greece, Homer's Iliad and Odyssey, have been called "The Bible of the Greek world". An inexhaustible source of fable and myth, they lay bare before us the system of values of an elite warrior society. Leaving aside...
Sartre
BETWEEN 1950 and 1980, for several thousands of intellectuals, artists, writers and political militants, from both the industrialized countries of the North and the developing countries of the South, Sartre was a definitive point of reference and an...
Simon Rodriguez, Champion of Mass Education
TUTOR of Simon Bolivar, the Liberator, and written off by his critics as an eccentric, Simon Rodriguez is considered by many as the pioneer of mass education in Latin America. He was born in Caracas, Venezuela, in 1771, and as a young man he came...
Teachers at the Crossroads
The word maitre or master has a very specific meaning in French education. Can you tell us something about this and more generally about your views on the teacher's place in society today. -- In the French educational system, the word maitre or...
The Guru and His Disciple
From very ancient times, the great texts that stand out like landmarks in the religious history of India--the Brahmanas, the Upanishads, the Dharma--have laid special emphasis upon the Master/Disciple relationship in all its diverse forms. In Sanskrit,...
The Pilgrim's Way
FROM the moment the existence of an invisible God is postulated, two paths open for humankind. God communicates through the law that he transmits via his envoy; but he does not reveal himself in that law. To know God it is not enough merely to obey...
The Statue of Liberty
NOW 106 years old, the Statue of Liberty is more than a grand old lady. The embodiment of freedom, eternal youth and strength, she has inspired countless immigrants with hope and American citizens with pride. Known affectionately as "Miss Liberty",...
The Swan Song of a Master
MASTER of Go is one of the finest novels of Yasunari Kawabata, who won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1968. Kawabata, who committed suicide in 1972, is one of Japan's best-known authors in the international world of letters, where he is considered...
UNESCO and the Training of Teachers
DURING the 1960s, UNESCO's activities in the field of teacher training were mainly concentrated on the newly independent countries. The departure, sometimes rather precipitate, of former colonial administrative staff and the desire to achieve rapid...
Who Benefits from Debt-for-Nature Exchanges?
LARGE international financial agents are not necessarily philanthropists. The less developed countries who turn to them for loans in an effort to survive, have to pay back these loans plus the interest on them. In 1990, Third World debt was estimated...