UNESCO Courier

Articles from January

Carlos Fuentes
* In a premonitory article published in 1982, you speculated as to whether Europe and Latin America could unite their efforts to escape the double hegemony which then split the world in two. It was a question of investing a "multipolar" world in which...
Hampate Ba: The Great Conciliator
AMADOU Hampate Ba, the man who was known as the "living memory of Africa", was born into an aristocratic Peul family in Mali at the dawn of the twentieth century--he liked to say that he was "one of the eldest sons of the century" --and was a member...
Migrant Africa
The history of African migration is as old as the history of the continent. Population movement for political economic religious and security reasons, as well as in response to demographic factors, has been recorded from early times. More recently,...
Petra: The Rose-Red Capital of a Forgotten People
THE ancient of Petra lies in a semi-arid region of south-west Jordan that dominates the desert of the Arabah depression, dropping down more than 1,000 metres to the west. The massif forms a natural fortress, where once was built a strange city, the...
Poverty, Population, Pollution
THE elimination of poverty is first and foremost a moral imperative; but it is essential for the protection of the global environmental and for the health of the global economy. On all these grounds, we can no longer tolerate a situation in which...
Sixty Million on the Move
THE modern scientific community takes pride in providing answers to world problems, yet, paradoxically, it often makes a greater contribution by the perspicacity with which it continued to ask questions. The premature proposal of simple solutions...
The Demographic Dimension
Under the guidance of its first Director-General, Julian Huxley, the 1948 General Conference of UNESCO highlighted three major groups of problems facing the postwar world-- nationalism, obstacles on the path of technological advance and population...
The Demographic Transition
In 1934, the French politician and polymath Adolphe Landry formulated a new concept relating to population change which he termed "the demographic revolution". This concept was later taken up and given wider currency by demographers at Princeton University,...
The Environmental Challenge
The population of the world has multiplied by a factor of seven since 1750, tripled since 1900 and doubled since 1950. Its rate of growth accelerated throughout this century, peaking in the mid-1960s at 2.1 per cent per year and then declining to...
The Greying of the Planet
THE world has just experienced three decades of rapid demographic change. In the past thirty years, world population has grown from 2.7 billion to a little over 5 billion. During this period of unprecedented expansion, something occurred, at first...
The Numbers Crunch
WHEN we speak of "overpopulation" or of "underpopulation" the implication is that there must be some level of population in any region or country, or in the world as a whole, at which neither of these conditions exists and at which population is "optimal"....
The Urban Explosion
In 1950, there were 155 million more city-dwellers in the developed than in the developing countries; by 1970, there were only 30 million more. Since then, the developing countries have experienced an unprecedented wave of migration from the rural...
UNESCO's First 45 Years
1968 General policy * At its 15th session, the General Conference takes the first step towards medium-term planning with the decision to draw up the broad outline of a plan for 1971-1976. * Rene Maheu is reelected for a new six-year...