UNESCO Courier

Articles from August

A Thousand Paper Cranes
A thousand paper cranes THIS story starts in 1945. A girl named Sadako Sasaki was living in a Japanese city called Hiroshima along with about half a million other people. When she was two years old the first atomic bomb ever to be used against human...
Higher Education and Peace
Higher education and peace THE risk of a nuclear conflict is the over-riding problem facing humanity today and efforts to prevent nuclear annihilation should be the first priority of peace and disarmament education. These were two of the major points...
Peace as an Absolute Value
1. Peace as an absolute value THE great German philosopher Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) outlined the idea of a code of law for mankind emerging from the bitter experience of war and necessitated by the increasing proximity of men due to the growth of...
Peace, Disarmament and Technology
2. Peace, disarmament and technology We consider peace to be an active form of widsom and negotiation, and it is precisely for this reason that it is essential for us to recognize that, in our day and age, peace cannot be merely an "institutionalized...
Peace in the Regional Context
4. Peace in the regional context PEOPLE today are beginning to understand more clearly that the stability of relations between States is influenced by circumstances in each individual State. The stability of relations between the world's rich States...
Perceptions of Threat and Security
Perceptions of threat and security 'SECURITY", as discussed in the context of international relations, concerns the security of nations--"national security". The State-system is characterized by this emphasis on the security of the State as the primary...
Physicians and the Nuclear Threat
Physicians and the nuclear threat In December 1980, six physicians, three from the Soviet Union and three from the United States, met in Geneva to establish the International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW), and in December 1985...
The Cost of Peace
3. The cost of peace THERE are two conflicting approaches to the question of peace. One postulates the existence of an ideal world. The other is more realistic. In an ideal world an immediate end of the arms race and to ideological confrontation...
The Pugwash Movement
The Pugwash movement THE direct initiative for the Pugwash Movement came not from a scientist but from the British philosopher Bertrand Russell. In 1955, the world situation appeared highly dangerous and the outlook for mankind very gloomy. The...
The United Nations World Disarmament Campaign
The United Nations World Disarmament Campaign THE World Disarmament Campaign to inform, to educate and to generate public understanding and support for the objectives of the United Nations in the field of arms limitation and disarmament represents...
Towards a New Way of Thinking
Towards a new way of thinking OVER thirty years ago, Bertrand Russell and Albert Einstein invited us to "learn to think in a new way" and pointed out that "if the issues between East and West are to be decided ... then these issues must not be decided...
UNESCO and the International Year of Peace
Unesco and the International Year of Peace UNESCO'S activities during the International Year of Peace from part of a continuing effort which began forty years ago. The Preamble to Unesco's Constitution, adopted on 16 November 1945, pledges the Organization...
Violence in the Third World
Violence in the Third World "VIOLENCE is a sign of institutional failure and system overload," Professor Nazli Choucri has written. These conditions are by no means unique to the Third World, but it remains a fact that the vast majority of wars and...
World Military Spending: Over $1.5 Million a Minute
World military spending: over $1.5 million a minute In the developing world, 800 million people live in absolute poverty and deprivation. 500 million are malnourished. Many millions have no access to safe drinking-water and do not have the income necessary...