Foreign Affairs

Articles from Vol. 92, No. 5, September/October

Africa's Turn: A Conversation with Macky Sall
Since it gained independence from France in 1960, the West African country of Senegal has been a bastion of stability and democracy on a continent that has seen relatively little of either. During the presidency of Abdoulaye Wade (2000-2012), however,...
Can Washington Win over the Arab Street?: The Sources of Middle Eastern Anti-Americanism: It's Not Who We Are, It's What We Do/Lynch Replies
In my book Of Empires and Citizens, I argue that at the height of the period of authoritarian rule in the Middle East, Arab societies were divided between those people who benefited from their leaders' relationship with the United States, and therefore...
China's Real and Present Danger: Now Is the Time for Washington to Worry
Much of the debate about China's rise in recent years has focused on the potential dangers China could pose as an eventual peer competitor to the United States bent on challenging the existing international order. But another issue is far more pressing....
David Cameron's Dangerous Game: The Folly of Flirting with an EU Exit
Despite his innate caution and usually sound political instincts, British Prime Minister David Cameron is gambling with his country's future. In January, in a long-anticipated speech, he called for a wide-ranging renegotiation of the terms of the United...
Ending the War in Afghanistan: How to Avoid Failure on the Installment Plan
International forces in Afghanistan are preparing to hand over responsibility for security to Afghan soldiers and police by the end of 2014. U.S. President Barack Obama has argued that battlefield successes since 2009 have enabled this transition and...
Follow the Money
To the Editor:In their attack on campaign finance reform ("In Defense of Citizens United," July/August 2013), Glenn Hubbard and Tim Kane argue that the objective of the 1971 Federal Election Campaign Act (feca) was to "give parties greater control over...
Helping Congo Help Itself: What It Will Take to End Africa's Worst War
It would be easy to label the Democratic Republic of the Congo an irredeemable mess. For almost two decades, the country has been roiled by a series of wars involving neighboring countries and dozens of Congolese militias. Recent years seemed to bring...
How Big Business Can Save the Climate: Multinational Corporations Can Succeed Where Governments Have Failed
In September 1987, representatives of 24 countries met in Montreal and accomplished a rare feat in international politics: a successful environmental accord. The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, which un Secretary-General...
New Deal, Old South: How FDR Propped Up Jim Crow
New Deal, Old South How FDR Propped Up Jim Crow Fear Itself: The New Deal and the Origins of Our Time BY IRA KATZNELSON. Liveright, 2013, 720 pp. $29.95.In March 1933, with the United States deep in the throes of the Great Depression, U.S. President...
Petroleum to the People: Africa's Coming Resource Curse-And How to Avoid It
In October 2011, the U.S. Department of Justice filed a motion to seize a palatial cliff-top home in Malibu, California. The 16-acre property towers over its neighbors, with a palm-lined driveway leading to a plaster-and-tile mansion. Situated in the...
Recent Books: Africa: The World's Most Dangerous Place: Inside the Outlaw State of Somalia/Al Shabaab in Somalia: The History and Ideology of a Militant Islamist Group, 2005-2012
The World's Most Dangerous Place: Inside the Outlaw State of Somalia BY JAMES FERGUSSON. Da Capo Press, 2013, 432 pp. $27.50.Al Shabaab in Somalia: The History and Ideology of a Militant Islamist Group, 2005-2012 BY STIG JARLE HANSEN. Oxford University...
Recent Books: Middle East: The Gulf Monarchies and Climate Change: Abu Dhabi and Qatar in an Era of Natural Unsustainability/Environmental Politics in Egypt: Activists, Experts, and the State
The Gulf Monarchies and Climate Change: Abu Dhabi and Qatar in an Era of Natural Unsustainability BY MARI LUOMI. Hurst, 2012, 288 pp. £25.00.Environmental Politics in Egypt: Activists, Experts, and the State BY JEANNIE L. SOWERS. Routledge, 2012, 216...
Recent Books: Military, Scientific, and Technological: A Call to Arms: Mobilizing America for World War II/The Guns at Last Light: The War in Western Europe, 1944-1945/what Soldiers Do: Sex and the American GI in World War II France
Military, Scientific, and Technological A Call to Arms: Mobilizing America for World War II BY MAURY KLEIN. Bloomsbury, 2013, 912 pp. $40.00.The Guns at Last Light: The War in Western Europe, 1944-1945 BY RICK ATKINSON. Henry Holt, 2013, 896 pp. $40.00.What...
Recent Books: Military, Scientific, and Technological: The Way of the Knife: The CIA, a Secret Army, and a War at the Ends of the Earth/Lone Wolf Terrorism: Understanding the Growing Threat/Treasury's War: The Unleashing of a New Era of Financial Warfare
The Way of the Knife: The CIA, a Secret Army, and a War at the Ends of the Earth BY MARK MAZZETTI. Penguin Press, 2013, 400 pp. $29.95.Lone Wolf Terrorism: Understanding the Growing Threat BY JEFFREY D. SIMON. Prometheus Books, 2013, 335 pp. $26.00.Treasury's...
Stealth Multilateralism: U.S. Foreign Policy without Treaties-Or the Senate
The U.S. Senate rejects multilateral treaties as if it were sport. Some it rejects outright, as when it voted against the Convention on the Rights of Persons With Disabilities in 2012 and the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (ctbt) in 1999. Others...
The Limits of Counterinsurgency Doctrine in Afghanistan: The Other Side of the COIN
Since 9/11, two consecutive U.S. administrations have labored mightily to help Afghanistan create a state inhospitable to terrorist organizations with transnational aspirations and capabilities. The goal has been clear enough, but its attainment has...
The Rise of the Rest of India: How States Have Become the Engines of Growth
When Nitish Kumar became chief minister of the dirt-poor Indian state of Bihar in 2005, kidnapping was said to be the leading industry in the capital city of Patna. People searching for stolen cars were advised to check the driveway of a leading politician,...
Who Is Ali Khamenei? the Worldview of Iran's Supreme Leader
In June, Hassan Rouhani was elected president of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Rouhani ran as a reform candidate, and many have interpreted his victory as a harbinger of a possible liberalization or rationalization of Iranian domestic and foreign policy....
Why Convergence Breeds Conflict: Growing More Similar Will Push China and the United States Apart
Many fear that in the not-too-distant future, the world will be torn apart as the gulf that separates China and the United States grows ever wider. How, they ask, can a communist dictatorship and a capitalist democracy bridge the gap between them? But...