Contemporary Economic Policy

Articles from Vol. 29, No. 1, January

An Evaluation of Financial Incentive Policies for Organ Donations in the United States
1. INTRODUCTION It is well documented that the demand for organ transplants far exceeds the supply (see http://www.optn.org). In the 2009 winter, approximately 100,000 people were on waiting lists for organ transplants. The majority of people (over...
Breaking the Glass Ceiling: Slow Progress Ahead
1. INTRODUCTION The glass ceiling that many women face as they attempt to move into top corporate positions has been studied extensively. The 1995 Report of the Glass Ceiling Commission cites many studies, all of which document the fact that a very...
Does the Provision of Public Goods Correspond to Local Demand?
1. INTRODUCTION In recent years, China's central government has emphasized public goods investment in pursuit of rural development and poverty reduction in rural areas. More than 310 billion yuan (1) from central government sources was invested...
Economic Transition and the Gender Earnings Gap in Chinese Industry: The Role of Firm Characteristics
I. INTRODUCTION China's economic transition beginning in 1978 has brought about profound changes to the country's labor market. A large body of studies has emerged to analyze the impact of economic reforms on gender earnings inequality and the role...
Economy-Wide Effects of Reducing Illegal Immigrants in U.S. Employment
1. INTRODUCTION In 2005, there were 7.3 million illegal immigrants working in the United States, 5% of total employment. Public attitudes on illegal immigrants working in the United States, 5% of total employment. Public attitudes on illegal immigrants...
Forecasting Women, Infants, and Children Caseloads: A Comparison of Vector Autoregression and Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average Approaches
1. INTRODUCTION Forecasting the number of participants is an integral part of the oversight of every public assistance program in the United States. This is particularly true for programs where there is only a fixed amount of money available for...
Gender Differences in Native Preferences toward Undocumented and Legal Immigration: Evidence from San Diego
I. INTRODUCTION Public views about immigration in the United States appear sharply divided--about half of respondents in a variety of U.S. surveys indicate they would prefer that the number of legal immigrants allowed to come to live in the United...
Quality and Economies of Scale in Higher Education: A Semiparametric Smooth Coefficient Estimation
I. INTRODUCTION Institutions of higher education comprise knowledge creation (research) and knowledge dissemination (teaching). Thus, the university's mission is to deliver quality undergraduate and graduate education and to expand the frontier...
The Effect of Legalized Gambling on State Government Revenue
1. INTRODUCTION Legalized gambling has become an accepted form of entertainment in the United States, with every state except Hawaii and Utah offering some form of gambling. Each gambling industry is either run by or regulated by state governments....
Willingness to Pay in China's New Cooperative Medical System
I. INTRODUCTION Poor households in developing countries are less likely than nonpoor households to seek medical treatment because they often lack the means to pay for this care and because the quality of the care to which they have access is often...