Contemporary Economic Policy

Articles from Vol. 23, No. 4, October

A Robust Estimation of the Effects of Taxation on Charitable Contributions
I. INTRODUCTION Many studies on taxation's effect on charitable contributions demonstrate that the itemized deduction for charitable contributions stimulates giving by lowering the marginal cost of contributing. Most of those studies show that the...
Assessing the Value of Economics Research: The Case of the Bias in the Consumer Price Index
I. INTRODUCTION Few economists would doubt that their research and advice has value to society. But does the value change when the results of similar work are in circulation? Does it make a difference if the other work draws similar or different...
Contemporary Economic Policy 2004-2005 Editor's Report
Volume 22 published quarterly in 2004 was comprised of 48 articles from a variety of topic areas as defined by the Journal of Economic Literature classification system. Table 1 provides a distribution of articles via JEL topic area. Journal Statistics...
Does Improving School Quality Reduce the Probability of Unemployment?
I. INTRODUCTION There is an ongoing debate among economists about whether improvements in high school quality, such as increasing per pupil expenditures or lowering class size, raise post-schooling earnings (e.g., Betts 1995; Card and Krueger 1992;...
Health Insurance Coverage and Reemployment Outcomes among Older Displaced Workers
I. INTRODUCTION Employment-based health insurance constitutes the dominant source of health coverage for the nonelderly population in this country. In 2003 the employment-based system covered 71% of nonelderly adult workers. (1) Taking children...
Hours of Sleep and Fatigue in Motor Carriage
I. INTRODUCTION Fatigue is prevalent among truck drivers. McCartt et al. (1997) in a study of U.S. long-haul drivers, found that two-thirds of drivers reported driving while drowsy within the previous month and roughly a quarter reported that they...
How to Comply with Environmental Regulations? the Role of Information
I. INTRODUCTION Compliance with environmental regulations is a major issue in most countries because imposing a limit on firms' emissions does not guarantee that effective emissions will meet the limit imposed. For the objective of the environmental...
Integration and Utilization of Public Education Resources in Remote and Homogenous Areas: A Case Study of the Upper Peninsula of Michigan
I. INTRODUCTION One reason for studying the efficiency of public education lies in the role that education is thought to play in increasing the lifetime income of individuals and in accelerating economic growth. Although not without controversy,...
Preventive Care and Insurance Coverage
1. INTRODUCTION The choice to engage preventive tests and treatments depends on the many factors that influence the perceived marginal benefits and marginal costs of these services. This article examines several of the factors that affect the perceived...
Public R & D and Industrial Innovations at the Project Levels: An Exploration of Taiwan's Public Research Projects
I. INTRODUCTION Economic development policies in Taiwan in the late 1950s and 1960s favored the exportoriented manufacturing sector that mostly produced labor-intensive products such as garments, toys, and furniture. Though the value of export to...
Teacher Location Choice and the Distribution of Quality: Evidence from New York City
I. INTRODUCTION This article investigates the distribution of teacher quality across the New York City school system. Because teachers with seniority are often able to choose the location where they teach and salary is paid along a fixed wage schedule,...
The Case for Cross-Media Environmental Policy
I. INTRODUCTION Prevailing environmental regulations focus on only one environmental medium at a time, such as air pollution without addressing the potential for simultaneously occurring deleterious effects on other environmental media such as water...
The Effect of Unemployment Benefits, Welfare Benefits, and Other Income on Personal Bankruptcy
I. INTRODUCTION Income is an important determinant of whether a household files for personal bankruptcy. Sullivan et al. (1998, p. 79) find that 68% of bankruptcy filers responded that job-related reasons were a primary contributor to their decision...
The Measurement of Police Force Efficiency: An Assessment of U.K. Home Office Policy
I. INTRODUCTION Since the 1960s and the introduction of efficiency measurement techniques of police forces, successive U.K. governments have tried to ensure that public funds were used in an "economic, efficient and effective" manner. This initial...
Welfare Reform, Earnings, and Incomes: New Evidence from the Survey of Program Dynamics
1. INTRODUCTION One of the primary goals of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA) is to end welfare dependence (Title I, sec.401(a)(2)). However, implicit (and often explicit) in much of the discussion...