Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Articles from Vol. 78, No. 12, December

A Second WHO Region Declared Polio-Free
On October 29, a panel of independent experts meeting in Japan declared WHO's Western Pacific Region free of poliomyelitis. The declaration, made by the region's commission for the certification of polio eradication, signifies that no indigenous cases...
Combination Therapy for Malaria in Africa: Hype or Hope?
Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 2000, 78: 1378-1388. Voir page 1385 le resume en francais. En la pagina 1386 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction The African Region has the largest number of people exposed to stable malaria...
Comparison of House Spraying and Insecticide-Treated Nets for Malaria Control
Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 2000, 78: 1389-1400. Voir page 1397 le resume en francais. En la pagina 1398 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction In the 1940s-60s, spraying the inside surfaces of houses with a residual insecticide,...
Demonstration of a Persisting Exo-Erythrocytic Cycle in Plasmodium Cynomolgi and Its Bearing on the Production of Relapses
From the earliest days of the modern study of malaria the phenomenon of relapses in this disease has been invested with a mystery which has been responsible for various hypothetical solutions made in an attempt to explain the known facts. The first...
Doctors' First Strike in Republic of Korea Likely to End
Doctors in the Republic of Korea voted by a narrow margin on 20 November to end a four-month long strike that has brought the country's health care system virtually to a standstill, but divisions within their ranks suggest that further confrontation...
Entering the Post-Genomic Era of Malaria Research
Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 2000, 78: 1424-1437. Voir page 1434 le resume en francais. En la pagina 1434 figura un resumen on espanol Introduction The development of genome sequencing technologies over the last five years has...
Estimating the Number of Helminthic Infections in the Republic of Cameroon from Data on Infection Prevalence in Schoolchildren
Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 2000, 79: 1456-1465. Voir page 1463 le resume en francais. En la pagina 1464 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction When planning interventions to control a disease, it is essential to understand...
Farewell to Polio in the Western Pacific
29 October 2000 will go down in history as the day on which the world celebrated the end of poliomyelitis in the Western Pacific Region -- a vast area stretching from the western borders of China to the eastern reaches of Polynesia, comprising 37 countries...
First Countries to Be Recipients of GAVI Funds
The Global Fund for Children's Vaccines has named the first 21 countries to receive funding for vaccines and vaccination infrastructure. They are Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bhutan, Cambodia, Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, the Lao...
Malaria Drug Resistance Gene Identified
A US research group headed by Tom Wellems of the US National Institute for Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) announced at the end of October that they had identified a gene which mutates to makes the most lethal of the malaria parasites, Plasmodium...
Molecular Entomology and Prospects for Malaria Control
Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 2000, 78: 1412-1423. Voir page 1419 le resume en francais. En la pagina 1420 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction Plasmodium falciparum malaria remains one of the three most important pathogen-specific...
Obituary
Avedis Donabedian Public health has lost one of its true giants. On 9 November 2000, Avedis Donabedian, MD, MPH, passed away in a peaceful transition that ended a prolonged illness. Born on 7 January 1919 in Beirut, Lebanon, he had accompanied most...
Roll Back Malaria -- What Are the Prospects?
Malaria kills a child somewhere in the world every 30 seconds. The majority of the deaths it causes occur in Africa. Malaria is a major factor in Africa's high rate of infant and maternal mortality, of low birth weight, of school absenteeism, and of...
Rolling Back Malaria: Action or Rhetoric?
Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 2000, 78: 1450-1455. Malaria control stymied in 2010, mastered in 2025 Are the tools available? In one sense yes: the development of artemisinin and other compounds to supplement the current use of chloroquine,...
Safety of Community Drinking-Water and Outbreaks of Waterborne Enteric Disease: Israel, 1976-97
Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 2000, 78: 1466-1473. Voir page 1472 le resume en francais. En la pagina 1472 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction Israel is a small country in transition from a developing country to an industrialized...
Spatial Targeting of Interventions against Malaria
Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 2000, 78: 1401-1411. Voir page 1409 le resume en francais. En la pagina 1409 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction The spatial aspect of malaria risk, i.e. the location of human habitations in...
The Challenges of Doing More against Malaria, Particularly in Africa
The malaria theme section of this issue of the Bulletin covers a wide range of topics, from combination therapy (pp. 1378-1388) and insecticide-impregnated mosquito nets (pp. 1389-1400) to the possible use of genetically modified Anopheles for vector...
The Fate of Sporozoites
In their tribute to Colonel Shortt on his 80th birthday, the renowned malariologists P.G. Shute and Sir Gordon Covell eloquently placed the discovery of the exoerythrocytic (EE) hepatic phase of mammalian malaria parasites in the following historical...
The Uganda Ebola Outbreak-Not All Negative
The latest epidemic of Ebola haemorrhagic fever, that began on 8 October in the Gulu district of northern Uganda, had, as the Bulletin went to press, claimed 337 victims, with 121 deaths. By mid-November, the outbreak had essentially run its course...
Treatment of Human African Trypanosomiasis
Human African trypanosomiasis presents a health challenge to the international community -- a challenge both to poor countries and to rich countries (where there is often a shocking surfeit of health resources). In the year 2000, human African trypanosomiasis...
UK Report Urges Screening for "Mad Sheep" Disease
The United Kingdom's Food Standards Agency has called for urgent development of new ways of detecting whether mad cow disease, or bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), has spread to sheep. In a report on anti-BSE measures in the United Kingdom,...
Using a Geographical Information System to Plan a Malaria Control Programme in South Africa
Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 2000, 78: 1438-1444. Voir page 1442 le resume en francais. En la pagina 1443 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction The Lowveld region of Mpumalanga province in South Africa is an area of low...
WHO's Plan for Internet Health Domain Halted
At its meeting in Los Angeles in mid-November the board of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), the body that manages the labels or "domains" people use to identify their Internet sites, did not give the go-ahead to a WHO...