Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Articles from Vol. 81, No. 1, January-February

A Comparison of the Efficacy of Single Doses of Albendazole, Ivermectin, and Diethylcarbamazine Alone or in Combinations against Ascaris and Trichuris Spp. (Research)
Voir page 41 le resume en francais. En la pagina 41 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction The drug regimens currently recommended for programmes aiming to eliminate lymphatic filariasis are based on the annual administration of single doses...
Compatible Poliomyelitis Cases in India during 2000. (Research)
Voir page 8 le resume en fancais. En la pagina 9 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction In India the number of confirmed poliomyelitis cases reported by the acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) surveillance system fell from 1126 in 1999 to 265 in...
Domestic Violence in Rural Uganda: Evidence from a Community-Based Study. (Policy and Practice)
Voit page 59 le resume en francais. En la pagina 59 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction Over the past decade, recognition of the scope and significance of domestic violence globally has increased. Domestic violence has been defined as...
Drug Companies Should Cut Prices for Developing Countries, Says G8 Report. (News)
Key pharmaceuticals should be sold to developing countries at much lower prices than they command in the richer parts of the world, says a British-led report on global access to medicines. The report of the UK Working Group on Increasing Access...
Healthy Life Expectancy in Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China. (Policy and Practice)
Introduction The assessment of population health is vital for health care planning at country and global levels (1, 2). WHO defines health as "a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of diseases or infirmity"...
Immunization of Children at Risk of Infection with Human Immunodeficiency Virus. (Policy and Practice)
Introduction The majority of children bore to women who are infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) do not acquire HIV infection. Of those children who do become infected, most acquire the virus from their mothers at the time of delivery...
In South Africa HIV Infection Is Decreasing, Safe Sex Increasing. (News)
South Africans have made substantial changes to their sexual behaviour and fewer people are living with HIV than was previously estimated, according to results from the biggest household HIV/AIDS study ever undertaken in the country. The independent...
Is Breast Cancer Linked to Smoking? (News)
Women who begin smoking during the five years after their first menstruation were 70% more likely to develop breast cancer than non-smokers, according to a study by Canadian researchers (Lancet 2002;360:1044-9) which hit headlines around the world....
New Coalition for Access to Antiretrovirals. (WHO News)
A new alliance has been formed to increase access to antiretroviral drugs in low- and middle-income countries. Named the International HIV Treatment Action Coalition (ITAC), it was launched on 12 December in Geneva (Switzerland) and Dakar (Senegal),...
New Directions for WHO? (Editorial)
Since its inception over 50 years ago, the World Health Organization (WHO) has earned trust and respect globally for its achievements as the lead agency for directing and coordinating international health work. Through technical cooperation and policy...
New Organization to Promote African Health Research. (News)
A pan-African forum has been launched to promote health research for development in Africa. It will also strengthen the continent's voice in setting and implementing the global health research agenda. The African Health Research Forum (AfHR) was...
Peru Tries Vinegar against Cervical Cancer. (News)
Women in the isolated Amazon jungle region of San Martin in Peru are participating in a research programme to prevent cervical cancer, which kills an unusually large number of women in that country--some 40 per 100 000 women per year compared to just...
Prevalence of Goitre and Urinary Iodine Status of Primary-School Children in Lesotho. (Research)
Introduction Iodine deficiency has several important health consequences that together are called iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) (1). The effects begin before birth and have various manifestations throughout a person's life (2). The most outstanding...
The Cost of Diabetes in Latin America and the Caribbean. (Research)
Introduction Diabetes mellitus presents a high burden for individuals and society. This burden is not only related to health care costs, but also to indirect costs caused by loss of productivity from disability and premature mortality. Medical expenditures...
Tobacco Control in India. (Policy and Practice)
Introduction The past decade has seen a significant paradigm shift in tobacco-related policies that has led to a significant curtailing of the use of tobacco in many countries. However, nearly all of these advances have occurred in industrialized...
Vaccine against Cervical Cancer Passes "Proof of Principle". (News)
A recombinant vaccine against the human sexually-transmitted papillomavirus type HPV-16, which is thought to cause as many as half of all cervical cancers, has been shown to prevent long-term HPV-16 infections in a trial with 2400 young women. This...
Violence against Women Increases the Risk of Infant and Child Mortality: A Case-Referent Study in Nicaragua. (Research)
Voir page 15 le resume en francais. En la pagina 15 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction Violence against women has serious consequences for their physical (1,2) as well as mental health (3-5). Physical violence against women is a major...