Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Articles from Vol. 83, No. 9, September

Areca (Betel) Nut Chewing Habit among High-School Children in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (Micronesia)
Introduction The adverse health effects associated with areca (betel) nut use include oral and oropharyngeal cancer, oral premalignant lesions and conditions (oral leukoplakia and submucous fibrosis), gum disease and addiction (1, 2). Chewing areca...
Competing Interests, Appeals and Trial Registration in the Bulletin
Editors of biomedical journals are meeting at the Fifth International Congress on Peer Review and Biomedical Publication in Chicago this month to discuss their working practices and the highlights and pitfalls of peer review and publication. There...
Health-Promoting Schools: An Opportunity for Oral Health Promotion
Introduction Oral health is fundamental to general health and well-being. A healthy mouth enables an individual to speak, eat and socialize without experiencing active disease, discomfort or embarrassment. Children who suffer from poor oral health...
Making Medicines and Health Technologies Safe and Accessible
Dr Vladimir Lepakhin gained his MD at the First Moscow Medical Institute in 1964 and his PhD in 1968. He headed the Department of General and Clinical Pharmacology of the People's Friendship University in Moscow from 1985 to 1998 and for 15 years was...
Managing Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) Intellectual Property Rights: The Possible Role of Patent Pooling
Background In late 2002 an outbreak of severe atypical pneumonia was reported in patients from Chinas Guangdong province. Over the following few months, the disease spread to other Asian countries, Europe and North America (1-5), where it had a...
Oral Health, General Health and Quality of Life
The compartmentalization involved in viewing the mouth separately from the rest of the body must cease because oral health affects general health by causing considerable pain and suffering and by changing what people eat, their speech and their quality...
Oral Health Information Systems-Towards Measuring Progress in Oral Health Promotion and Disease Prevention
Introduction WHO has a long tradition of epidemiological survey methodology and surveillance in oral health. The so-called WHO Global Oral Health Data Bank was established in 1967; the bank emerged from the gathering of information from surveys...
Oral Lesions in Infection with Human Immunodeficiency Virus
The importance of oral lesions in HIV infection Oral lesions can not only indicate infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), they are also among the early clinical features of the infection and can predict progression of HIV disease to...
Reasons for Attending Dental-Care Services in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Voir page 654 le resume en francais. En la pagina 654 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction As described in the recent World oral health report 2003 oral diseases have a considerable impact on individuals and communities, as a result of...
Strategies and Approaches in Oral Disease Prevention and Health Promotion
Introduction Oral health is an integral element of general health and wellbeing. Good oral health enables individuals to communicate effectively, to eat and enjoy a variety of foods, and is important in overall quality of life, self-esteem and social...
The Effective Use of Fluorides in Public Health
Introduction WHO recently published a global overview of oral health, which included a description of the WHO Oral Health Programme's approach to promoting further improvement in oral health during the 21st century (1, 2). According to this report,...
The Global Burden of Oral Diseases and Risks to Oral Health
Introduction WHO recently published a global review of oral health (1) which emphasized that despite great improvements in the oral health of populations in several countries, global problems still persist. This is particularly so among underprivileged...
The Role of Diet and Nutrition in the Etiology and Prevention of Oral Diseases
Introduction Oral health is related to diet in many ways; for example, nutrition influences craniofacial development and oral mucosal and dental diseases including dental caries, enamel defects and periodontal disease. Dental diseases impair quality...
The Role of the FDI World Dental Federation in Global Oral Health
The FDI World Dental Federation is a federation of 157 dental associations in 136 countries, representing more than 900 000 dental professionals worldwide. Its main roles are to bring together the world of dentistry, to represent the dental profession...
Tobacco or Oral Health
The remarkable British doctors' study showed that more than half of smokers die from their habit and half of these deaths occur in middle age (1). These figures also seem to apply to developing countries (W2), and globally nearly 5 million deaths every...
WHO's Action for Continuous Improvement in Oral Health
The worldwide rapidly growing burden of chronic diseases is closely linked to unhealthy environments and to lifestyles that include diets rich in sugars, widespread use of tobacco and excessive consumption of alcohol (1). Most oral diseases are closely...