Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Articles from Vol. 89, No. 3, March

Compassionate Use of Medicinal Products in Europe: Current Status and Perspectives
The medical treatment of patients with chronic, life-threatening or seriously disabling diseases can be very disappointing both for the suffering patient and their physicians in cases where patients cannot be treated satisfactorily with currently authorized...
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Cost-Effectiveness of Artemisinin Combination Therapy for Uncomplicated Malaria in Children: Data from Papua New Guinea/Rapport Cout-Efficacite De L'association Therapeutique a Base D'artemisinine Chez Les Enfants Souffrant De Paludisme Non Complique: Les Donnees
Introduction Recent estimates show that Plasmodium falciparum causes 225 to 500 million cases of malaria and nearly one million malaria-related deaths worldwide each year. (1-3) Of these deaths, 96% take place in low-income countries and 87% in...
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Floods in Pakistan: A Public Health Crisis
Background In August 2010, Pakistan experienced floods that affected 20 million people in 78 districts, killed 1800, damaged or destroyed about 2 million homes, 514 health facilities and inundated a land mass the size of England. (1) Prior to this...
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Gender Empowerment and Female-to-Male Smoking Prevalence Ratios/ Participation Sexospecifique et Rapports De Prevalence Du Tabagisme femmes/hommes/Emancipacion De Genero Y Cocientes De la Prevalencia del Tabaquismo Entre Mujeres Y Hombres
Introduction Tobacco smoking currently kills five million people a year worldwide and, according to estimates, will probably kill eight million people a year between now and 2030 and one billion over the course of the 21st century. (1,2) ln 2010,...
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Intradermal Delivery of Vaccines: Potential Benefits and Current challenges/Injection Intradermique De Vaccines: Les Defies Potentials et Les Defies actuels/Administracion De Vacunas Por Via Intradermica: Posibles Beneficios Y Retos Actuales
Introduction Most vaccines are delivered by the intramuscular or subcutaneous routes using a needle and syringe; the intradermal route is only widely used for the administration of Bacille Calmette-Guerin and rabies vaccines. However there is renewed...
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Looking Ahead
8 March: 100 years of International Women's Day (see news item on this page). More information available from: http://www. who.int/gender 22 March: World Water Day. This year's theme is Water for cities: responding to the urban challenge. Events...
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Looming Dementia Epidemic in Asia: Dementia Is Increasing Fast in Asia Placing a Huge Burden on a Growing Army of Carers, Who Are Mainly Family Members. Jane Parry and Cui Weiyuan Report on How Dementia Is Starting to Receive the Recognition It Deserves
Yin Jiliang, 73, looked forward to retirement as a time when he and his wife Su Zhiying, 76, could relax and enjoy the fruits of their labour, but instead he has another full-time job--taking care of his wife, who was diagnosed with dementia in 2001....
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Management of Diabetes and Associated Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Seven Countries: A Comparison of Data from National Health Examination surveys/Traitement Du Diabete et Des Facteurs De Risque Cardiovasculaire Associes Dans Sept Pays: Comparaison Des Donnees D'enquetes Nationales De Sante Par examen/Tratamiento
Introduction The estimated global prevalence of diabetes is around 6.4% and more than 280 million people in the world have diabetes. Of those affected, the majority live in the developing world. (1) Projections for 2010 were that diabetes would...
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Mobilizing Political Will to Contain Antimicrobial Resistance: The Third Part of Our Series on Antimicrobial Resistance Looks at What Governments Are Doing and What They Can Do Next to Combat This Global Threat
Vemu Lakshmi is one of several Indian physicians who had long been calling for more to be done about drug resistance. Then, last year, a whirlwind of controversy blew up in her country about the highly resistant "superbugs", bacteria containing the...
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Revision of the International Classification of Diseases to Include Standardized Descriptions of Multiple Injuries and Injury Severity
Introduction The International Classification of Diseases (ICD) is widely used as a source of mortality statistics. However, two major difficulties arise when recording, presenting and analysing injury data using this diagnosis classification. First,...
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Risk Factors Associated with Sexual Violence towards Girls in Swaziland/Facteurs De Risque Associes Aux Violences Envers Les Fillettes Au Swaziland/Factores De Riesgo Asociados Con la Violencia Contra Ninas En Swazilandia
Introduction Sexual violence during childhood is a public health problem of concern throughout the world, including sub-Saharan Africa. (1-3) In a study from South Africa, 1.6% of females were found to have experienced forced or coerced intercourse...
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Tackling Tuberculosis with an All-Inclusive Approach: Dr Lucica Ditiu, Newly Appointed Executive Secretary of the Stop TB Partnership, Spoke to Sarah Cumberland about the Many Challenges of Dealing with a Curable Disease That Is Still a Long Way from Elimination
Q: Why is tuberculosis (TB) still a major cause of death and disability in the world? A: TB is a disease that is perfectly curable with very cost-effective tools, drugs that are readily available, but we are still a way from reaching our goals....
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The Integration of Multiple HIV/AIDS Projects into a Coordinated National Programme in China/Integration De Plusieurs Projets De Lutte Contre le VIH/SIDA En Un Programme National Coordonne En Chine/Integracion De Diversos Proyectos Contra El VIH/SIDA En Un Unico Programa Nacional Coordinado En China
Introduction The HIV/AIDS epidemic continues to spread and disproportionately affects people in developing countries where resources are most limited. (1,2) Although recipient countries are consulted, the focus of external foreign HIV/AIDS projects...
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The Mental Health Workforce Gap in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Needs-Based approach/Manque De Personnel De Sante Mentale Dans Les Pays a Revenu Faible Ou Intermediaire: Une Approche Basee Sur Les besoins/La Diferencia En La
Introduction Mental, neurological, and substance abuse (MNS) disorders account for an increasing proportion of the global burden of disease. The World Health Organization (WHO) attributes to these disorders 14% of all of the world's premature deaths...
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The United States Department of Defense and the International Health Regulations (2005): Perceptions, Pitfalls and Progress towards Implementation. (Perspectives)
Background The Department of Defense of the United States of America (USA) has been conducting respiratory disease surveillance among United States military personnel around the world since the mid-1970s. (1) The Department's Global Emerging Infections...
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Women and the Smoking Epidemic: Turning the Tide
In this issue of the Bulletin of the World Health Organization, a paper by Hitchman & Fong shows a strong association between the ratio of female and male smoking rates, and gender empowerment in many countries. The association is clearly linked...
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