Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Articles from Vol. 82, No. 7, July

Changing Virulence of the SARS Virus: The Epidemiological Evidence
Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a newly described, deadly, communicable disease, first manifested in an epidemic that started in November 2002 in Guangdong Province, China (l). A medical professional who had worked with SARS patients in...
China's Public Health-Care System: Facing the Challenges
Voir page 537 le resume en francais. En la pagina 537 figura un resumen en espanol. [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.] Introduction As "the first new public health epidemic of the twenty-first century" (1) severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)...
Cost-Effectiveness of Zinc as Adjunct Therapy for Acute Childhood Diarrhoea in Developing Countries
Voir page 529 le resume en francais. En la pagina 529 figura un resumen en espanol. [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.] Introduction Diarrhoeal diseases are the cause of almost three million deaths annually (1-3), mainly among children less than...
Developing Countries Face Double Burden of Disease
Following 18 months of multi-stakeholder consultations, and two days of tense negotiations at the 57th World Health Assembly in May, the Global strategy on diet, physical activity and health was finally--and unanimously--adopted by WHO Member States....
Developing Countries Face Safe Blood Shortage
Stricter quality checks for blood transfusions and more blood donors are needed in developing countries, said experts from WHO on World Blood Donor Day on 14 June. Whilst celebrations took place in many cities around the world to mark the contributions...
Financing and Organization of China's Health Care
The development of a health-care system depends on a country's economic, political, social and cultural background. Because of Chinas transformation over the last 20 years from a socialist economy to a market economy, Chinas health-care services have...
G-8 Endorses New Global HIV Vaccine Enterprise
The formation of a new global consortium to streamline research and development efforts to accelerate progress towards an HIV vaccine was announced by G-8 countries during their annual summit which took place in the US state of Georgia in June--an...
Global Warming Kills Trees, and People
In 1992 a provocative editorial in The Lancet questioned that while environmental pollution kills trees, does it kill people? (1). As was to be expected, it stimulated a series of letters documenting a clear link to human health, primarily via ambient...
Health in South-Eastern Europe: A Troubled Past, an Uncertain Future
Voir page 544 le resume en francais. En la pagina 545 figura un resumen en espanol. [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.] Introduction The violence that afflicted south-eastern Europe in the last decade of the twentieth century, which was on a scale...
HIV/AIDS, Hunger and Malaria Are the World's Most Urgent Problems, Say Economists
The top global priority for spending on international aid is combating HIV/AIDS, concluded an international panel of economists, following the week-long Copenhagen Consensus conference which took place in Denmark at the end of May. The eight economists--three...
Humanitarian Catastrophe Looms in Darfur
The lives of up to one million people affected by the conflict in the Greater Darfur region, in the west of the Republic of the Sudan, are at risk unless there is an urgent scaling up of the current international response, warned WHO following a meeting...
Improving Antimicrobial Use among Health Workers in First-Level Facilities: Results from the Multi-Country Evaluation of the Integrated Management of Childhood Illness Strategy
Voir page 513 le resume en francais. En la pagina 514 figura un resumen en espanol. [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.] Introduction Despite advances over the past few decades made in reducing child mortality, more than 10 million children die...
Mental Health a Major Priority in Reconstruction of Iraq's Health System
When outgoing interim Iraqi Health Minister, Dr Khudair Abbas, embarked on the reconstruction of Iraq's collapsed health system last summer, he was shocked to find that there were only two psychiatric hospitals for a country of 24 million people. ...
Polio Case in Darfur Sparks Fears of Epidemic in West and Central Africa
West and central Africa are on the verge of the largest polio epidemic in recent years, warned experts from the Global Polio Eradication Initiative. The warning followed a confirmation on 22 June that a child was paralysed on 20 May by polio in the...
Psychometric Properties of the WHO Quality of Life Questionnaire (WHOQOL-100) in Patients with Chronic Diseases and Their Caregivers in China
Voir page 500 le resume en francais. En la pagina 501 figura un resumen en espanol. [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.] Introduction Consideration of quality of life (QOL) is becoming increasingly important in evaluations of health policy and medical...
Reproductive Tract Infections in Rural Women from the Highlands, Jungle, and Coastal Regions of Peru
Voir page 490 le resume en francais. En la pagina 491 figura un resumen en espanol. [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.] Introduction The ReproSalud Project in Peru was started in 1997 to promote the improvement of reproductive health of women in...
Secondary Prevention of Stroke-Results from the Southern Africa Stroke Prevention Initiative (SASPI) Study
Voir page 507 le resume en francais. En la pagina 507 figura un resumen en espanol. [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.] Introduction Stroke is the second leading cause of death worldwide. Most of these deaths occur in low-income regions (1, 2)....
Tackling Health Inequalities: New Approaches in Public Policy
That social and environmental factors account for a substantial portion of health inequalities between and within countries has long been recognized (1). Much less is understood about how these determinants can be tackled. A multisectoral approach...
Unhealthy Environments a Major Threat to Young Children
The first-ever Atlas of Children's Health, published by WHO on 22 June, attributes the annual deaths of more than three million children under the age of five to environment-related hazards such as unsafe water and sanitation, indoor and outdoor air...
Wheezing Conditions in Early Childhood: Prevalence and Risk Factors in the City of Sao Paulo, Brazil
Voir page 520 le resume en francais. En la pagina 520 figura un resumen en espanol. [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.] Introduction The rising prevalence of asthma, one of the most common chronic disorders of childhood, has been associated with...