Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Articles from Vol. 84, No. 2, February

Comparison of the Diagnostic Accuracy of a Rapid Immunochromatographic Test and the Rapid Plasma Reagin Test for Antenatal Syphilis Screening in Mozambique
Voir page 103 le resume en francais. En la pagina 103 figura un resumen en espanol. .131 [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.] Introduction Syphilis is an important cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality in resource poor settings. Adverse infant...
Control, Elimination, Eradication and Re-Emergence of Infectious Diseases: Getting the Message Right
During the 25 years since the certification of smallpox eradication there has been considerable debate among public health practitioners about how existing health technologies can best be used to decrease infectious disease incidence and prevalence....
Controversial New Vaccine to Prevent Cervical Cancer
Trials show that a new vaccine can prevent infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV) that causes cervical cancer. But will the vaccine benefit women in poor countries who--unlike their wealthy counterparts--have limited access to testing and treatment?...
District Health Programmes and Health-Sector Reform: Case Study in the Lao People's Democratic Republic
Introduction The Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) is classified by the World Bank as a low-income country under stress: it has a human development index ranking of 135 and 39% of the population is classified as poor. (1) The country is...
Effects of Insecticide-Treated Bednets during Early Infancy in an African Area of Intense Malaria Transmission: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Introduction Insecticide-impregnated bednets and curtains have consistently been shown to be effective in reducing malaria morbidity and all-cause mortality in children in various malaria endemic areas. (1) However, in recent years, controversy...
Fighting Poverty and Disease in an Integrated Approach
The classic approach of development theory based on observation of advanced countries--a sequential development of the primary sector followed by the secondary sector and the tertiary sector--encouraged the notion that each country of the world would...
Getting Health Reform Right: A Guide to Improving Performance and Equity
Getting health reform right: a guide to improving performance and equity Authors: Marc J Roberts, William Hsiao, Peter Berman, Michael R Reich. Publisher: Oxford University Press, Oxford; 2003 ISBN: 0-19-516232-3; hardcover, 332 pages; price 29.99...
History's Humbling Lessons
A quarter of a century ago public health officials in WHO's European Region declared that the battle against communicable diseases had almost been won. Then, a few years later, a new communicable disease: HIV/AIDS emerged. HIV/AIDS remains a major...
Hybrid Data Capture for Monitoring Patients on Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) in Urban Botswana
Voir page 131 le resume en francais. En la pagina 131 figura un resumen en espanol. .131 [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.] Introduction In recent years the international community has responded with unprecedented attention and commitment to the...
Informal Health Workers-To Be Encouraged or Condemned?
Home-based care of patients is increasing in importance in many societies, particularly where health facilities are overwhelmed by human immune deficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) and patients are returned to their homes...
Measles Surveillance in Victoria, Australia
Introduction Due to the success of measles vaccination, measles elimination strategies are currently being implemented or considered by many countries. (1,2) In times of good measles control, infections are rare and enhancing routine surveillance...
Medical Ethics Manual
Medical ethics manual Author: John R Williams Publisher: World Medical Association, Ferney-Voltaire, France; 2005 ISBN: 92-990028-1-9; softcover; 134 pages; English, French and Spanish full-text versions can be downloaded free from the World Medical...
Monitoring the Scale-Up of Antiretroviral Therapy Programmes: Methods to Estimate Coverage
Introduction On 1 December 2003, WHO in partnership with UNAIDS launched the "3 by 5" initiative, which aimed to mobilize the world to provide antiretroviral therapy (ART) to 3 million people in low- and middle-income countries by the end of 2005....
New Report on Corruption in Health: The World's Health Systems Are Vulnerable to Corruption in Every Country and at Every Level from Central Government to Patients Themselves, According to an Encyclopaedic Report into Corruption Released by Transparency International
The Global corruption report 2006 documents corruption on a vast scale in both rich and poor countries, and its enormous cost to public health. Each year hundreds of billions of dollars are siphoned from the world's US$ 3.1 trillion annual health spending...
Tuberculosis Case-Finding through a Village Outreach Programme in a Rural Setting in Southern Ethiopia: Community Randomized Trial
Introduction A successful tuberculosis (TB) control programme should be able to answer three key questions: what proportion of cases has been identified? How quickly have cases been identified? And what proportion of patients has successfully completed...