Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Articles from Vol. 77, No. 11, November

A Clinical Training Unit for Diarrhoea and Acute Respiratory Infections: An Intervention for Primary Health Care Physicians in Mexico
Voir page 943 le resume en franfais. En la pagina 944 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction Several studies in developing countries have reported underuse of oral rehydration salts as well as overuse of antibiotics, symptomatic drugs and...
Anaemia during Pregnancy in Burkina Faso, West Africa, 1995-96: Prevalence and Associated Factors
Voir page 920 le resume en francais. En la pagina 921 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction Anaemia, defined by WHO as a haemoglobin (Hb) level [is less than] 11 g/dl, occurs in 40-80% of pregnant women in Africa (1-4). Iron and folic acid...
A Pragmatic Intervention to Promote Condom Use by Female Sex Workers in Thailand
Voir page 893 le resume en francais. En la pagina 893 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction Asia faces some of the most explosive rates of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection (1). The earliest and most intense HIV epidemic on the...
Continuing Medical Education in Unstable Malaria Areas
Sir -- Durrheim et al. reported a case-fatality ratio of 0.7% during a malaria epidemic in the Lowveld region of Mpumalanga Province, South Africa, in 1996, and identified poor case management at health care facilities as a contributing factor (1)....
Decrease in the Prevalence of Hepatitis B and a Low Prevalence of Hepatitis C Virus Infections in the General Population of the Seychelles
Voir page 926 le resume en francais. En la pagina 927 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is one of the major diseases of mankind, with 2000 million people infected globally and more than 350 million chronic...
Effectiveness of Mass Vaccination with WC/rBS Cholera Vaccine during an Epidemic in Adjumani District, Uganda
Sir -- Further to the mass cholera vaccination campaign in refugee camps in Adjumani district, Northern Region, Uganda, reported in the last issue of the Bulletin (1), we describe below the situation when a cholera outbreak occurred in the district...
Need for Trauma Care Programmes in Developing Countries
Sir -- Accidents and injuries are rapidly emerging as leading causes of morbidity and mortality in south-east Asia, where 25% of the world's population are gathered on 5% of its surface area. The number of urban dwellers in the region increased from...
News
Research ethics: a long way to go Controversy over the ethics of medical research looks set to continue amid claims that neither patients' nor researchers' interests are being adequately served by current guidance to researchers. A recent meeting...
Reducing Perinatal HIV Transmission in Developing Countries through Antenatal and Delivery Care, and Breastfeeding: Supporting Infant Survival by Supporting Women's Survival
Introduction In southern African countries, where the pandemic of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is moving faster than prevention efforts, paediatric wards of hospitals are becoming overcrowded with infants and children dying of acquired immunodeficiency...
Relationship between Health Services, Socioeconomic Variables and Inadequate Weight Gain among Brazilian Children
Voir page 902 le resume en francais. En la pagina 903 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction Among Brazilian children under 5 years of age, the prevalence of undernutrition has decreased significantly in recent years. Nevertheless, the percentage...
Residential Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields and Childhood Leukaemia: A Meta-Analysis
Voir page 913 le resume en francais. En la pagina 913 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction In 1979 Wertheimer & Leeper (1) published the first report that showed an increased risk of cancer mortality among children living near electrical...
Spectrum and Burden of Severe Haemophilus Influenzae Type B Diseases in Asia
Voir page 884 le resume en francais. En la pagina 884 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction Only a decade ago, Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) diseases devastated children in the USA as much as poliomyelitis had during the peak epidemic...
The Past and Present Role of the Sabin-Feldman Dye Test in the Serodiagnosis of Toxoplasmosis
Voir page 933 le resume en francais. En la pagina 934 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction The serodiagnosis of Toxoplasma gondii infection is widely used for screening pregnant women in order to prevent its congenital spread. The Sabin-Feldman...