Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Articles from Vol. 85, No. 6, June

An Evaluation of Infant Immunization in Africa: Is a Transformation in progress?/Vaccination Des Nourissons: Evaluation Des Progres Realises En Afrique/Evaluacion De la Inmunizacion De Los Lactantes En Africa: ?Esta Cambiando la Situacion?
Introduction Every year more than 10 million children in low- and middle-income countries die before they reach their fifth birthdays. Most die because they do not access effective interventions that would combat common and preventable childhood...
Assessment of the Age-Specific Disability Weight of Chronic Schistosomiasis japonica/Evaluation Du Poids Dans L'incapacite Par Age De la Schistosomiase Sino-Japonaise chronique/Evaluacion del Peso De la Discapacidad Por Edades Por Esquistosomiasis Japonica Cronica
Introduction Schistosomiasis japonica is caused by the trematode Schistosama japonicum, which is the only human blood fluke that occurs in China. Although significant progress has been made in controlling schistosomiasis in China, the disease remains...
Can Non-Physician Health-Care Workers Assess and Manage Cardiovascular Risk in Primary care?/Les Agents De Sante Non Medecins Sont-Ils En Mesure D'evaluer et De Prendre En Charge le Risque Cardiovasculaire Dans le Cadre Des Soins De Sante primaire?/?Puede El Personal Sanitario No Medico Evaluar Y Controlar El Riesgo Cardiovascular En la Atencion Primaria?
Introduction Chronic noncommunicable diseases, especially cardiovascular diseases, are a major and increasing cause of death and disability worldwide, and may have retarding effects on the economies of affected individuals, households and countries....
Decide Monitoring Strategies before Setting Targets
Results-oriented approaches not only make good sense for organizations pursuing accountability; such approaches are essential. Yet results-oriented approaches raise problems for the global health community for a number of reasons. First, a commitment...
Global Comparative Assessments of Life Expectancy: The Impact of Migration with Reference to Australia/ Evaluations Comparatives Internationales De L'esperance De Vie : Influence De L'immigration Dans le Cas De l'Australie/ Evaluaciones Comparativas Mundiales De la Esperanza De Vida: Impacto De la Migracion En El Caso De Australia
Introduction In recent international league tables of life expectancy in countries that are members of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Australia is ranked among the top rive, behind countries such as Japan, Iceland...
Global Eradication of Polio: The Case for "Finishing the job"/Eradication De la Poliomyelite a L'echelle Mondiale: Il Faut « Finir le Travail »/Erradicacion Mundial De la Poliomielitis: Argumentos Para « Acabar El Trabajo »
Introduction The reduction of the number of children affected by polio from 1000 per day (1) in 1988 to about 5 per day (2) in 2006 is a no mean feat by any standard. However, the target established by the World Health Assembly (3) called for the...
How to Get Research into Practice: First Get Practice into Research
Discovering ways to increase access to and delivery of interventions is a major challenge. Typically research is divorced from implementation, which has led to a growing literature about how to get research into practice. However, operational research...
Microbes and Humans: The Long Dance
In a world where the determinants of health and the transfer of health risks are globally interdependent, infectious diseases constitute a global threat that puts every nation and every person at risk. History has amply demonstrated that communicable...
Mortality among Married Older Adults in the Suburbs of Beirut: Estimates from Offspring data/Mortalite Chez Les Adultes Ages Maries Vivant Dans Les Banlieues De Beyrouth : Estimations Obtenues a Partir De Donnees Relatives a la descendance/Mortalidad De Personas De Edad Casadas En Las Afueras De Beirut: Estimaciones Basadas En Datos De Descendencia
Introduction In recent decades, older individuals have been the fastest-growing population segment worldwide. Compared to the industrialized world, the increase in the number and proportion of older adults in several developing countries is taking...
New Rules on International Public Health Security
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Dr Guenael Rodier earned his MD and public health qualification at the University of Paris in his native France. He started his career as a private general practitioner in Djibouti in 1983, then joined the London School of...
New Vaccines to Boost Child Care in Developing Countries: Two Rotavirus Vaccines Recently Entered the Market but to Make a Difference Where They Are Most Needed They Must Show Efficacy and Become Affordable in Developing Countries
By the age of three years, most children in the world have been infected with rotavirus. In the developed world, many cases need nothing more than attentive treatment and rest at home, but in about 5-10% of cases children become so dehydrated due...
Operational Effectiveness of Single-Dose Nevirapine in Preventing Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV/Efficacite Operationnelle D'une Dose Unique De Nevirapine Dans la Prevention De la Transmission De la Mere a L'enfant Du VIH/Eficacia Operacional De la Dosis Unica De Nevirapina Para Prevenir la Transmision del VIH De la Madre Al Nino
Introduction It has been estimated that out of 1.1 million live births occurring in South Africa in 2002, 69 000 infants (5.9%) were infected with HIV at the time of birth and 20 000 (1.8%) were infected through breastfeeding. (1) In response to...
Rwanda's Road-Safety Transformation: Ten Years Ago Rwanda Had One of the Worst Road-Safety Records in the World. but Once the Government Recognized That Making Roads Safer Could Help with the Rehabilitation of a Nation Traumatized by the 1994 Genocide, Its Efforts Have Won International Acclaim
Christmas 2006 was a special event in Rwanda. Just a decade after being ranked as one of the worst countries for road safety, Rwanda's police force watched over the country's first accident-free festive season, a time for reckless driving in many countries....
Standard Deviation of Anthropometric Z-Scores as a Data Quality Assessment Tool Using the 2006 WHO Growth Standards: A Cross Country analysis/Pertinence De L'utilisation De L'ecart-Type Des Valeurs Z Anthropometriques Comme Outil D'elevation De la Qualite Des Donees D'apres Les Normes De Croissance 2006 De l'OMS: Analyse Transversale Par pays/La Desviacion Estandar De Los
Introduction Nutritional status, especially in children, has been widely and successfully assessed by anthropometric measures in both developing and developed countries. (1) Height and weight are the most commonly used measures, not only because...
Tiim
Tiim Film produced by: Pharmaciens Sans Frontieres Comite International and CINOMADE (http://www.cinomade.org). Duration: 31 minutes (subtitles in English and French). Available in VHS and VCD formats (15 euros) or DVD format (30 euros)...
Understanding the Community Impact of Lymphatic Filariasis: A Review of the Sociocultural literature/Comprendre L'impact De la Filariose Lymphatique Au Niveau Communautaire Par Une Analyse De la Litterature Dans le Domaine socioculturel/Comprender El Impacto Comunitario De la Filariasis Linfatica: Revision De la Bibliografia Sociocultural
Introduction Lymphatic filariasis (LF), the second most common vector-borne parasitic disease after malaria, is found in over 80 tropical and subtropical countries. WHO estimates that 120 million people are infected with the parasite, with one billion...