Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Articles from Vol. 85, No. 3, March

Bridging Health and Foreign Policy: The Role of Health Impact assessments/Role Des Evaluations De L'impact Sanitaire Dans L'etablissement De Liens Entre Politique Etrangere et sante/Politica Exterior Y Evaluacion del Impacto Sanitario
Introduction Health impact assessment (HIA) has been applied at the local, regional and national levels to evaluate the positive and negative health effects of a wide range of non-health policy interventions. HIAs have been used by public health...
Foreign Policy Matters: A Normative View of the G8 and Population health/Politique Etrangere: Point De Vue Normatif Pour L'evaluation Des Resultats Des Interventions Du G8 Sur la Sante Publique: La Politica Exterior Importa: Una Perspectiva Normativa del G8 Y la Salud De la Poblacion
Introduction The Group of Eight (G8) countries "account for 48% of the global economy and 49% of global trade, hold four of the United Nations' five permanent Security Council seats, and boast majority shareholder control over the International...
Foreign Policy, Trade and Health: At the Cutting Edge of Global Health Diplomacy
Under its Constitution, the World Health Organization (WHO) works with its members towards the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health. The context in which WHO and its Members pursue this goal has radically changed since...
Global Climate Change: Implications for International Public Health Policy
Introduction The evidence for anthropogenic climate change is now clear and convincing. The Earth's surface has warmed by more than 0.8 [degrees]C over the past century, and by approximately 0.6 [degrees]C in the past three decades. (1) This warming...
Global Health Diplomacy: The Need for New Perspectives, Strategic Approaches and Skills in Global Health
Introduction "In the past"--said Robert Cooper, one of Europe's pre-eminent diplomats--"it was enough for a nation to look after itself. Today it is no longer sufficient." (1) This is particularly true in the health arena, There is an increasing...
Health and Foreign Policy: Influences of Migration and Population mobility/Influence De L'emigration et De la Mobilite Des Populations Sur Les Politiques Sanitaire et etrangere/Salud Y Politica Exterior: Influencia De Las Migraciones Y la Movilidad Demografica
Introduction The growth of migration and population mobility, international trade and communication technologies are shaping global health, The relationships between these globalizing processes and health are introducing health into foreign policy...
Health and Foreign Policy in Question: The Case of Humanitarian action/La Sante et la Politique Etrangere En Question : Les Cas De L'action humanitaire/La Salud Y la Politica Exterior En Cuestion: El Caso De la Accion Humanitaria
Introduction The linkages between health and the global policy agenda are well established. (1-5) Examples include global efforts to control communicable diseases such as avian flu, human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome...
Health and Security in Foreign Policy
Introduction Historically, health has occupied the lower echelons of national priorities. Over the past decade, however, national policy-makers have increasingly recognized the deleterious impacts that health crises may have on national interests....
Health Impact Assessment, Human Rights and Global Public Policy: A Critical appraisal/Evaluation De L'impact Sanitaire, Droits De L'homme et Politique D'interet Mondial : Etude critique/Evaluacion del Impacto Sanitario, Derechos Humanos Y Politica Publica Mundial: Analisis Critico
Introduction Health impact assessment (HIA) is "a combination of procedures, methods and tools by which a policy, programme or project may be judged as to its potential effects on the health of a population, and the distribution of those effects...
Health Imperatives in Foreign Policy: The Case of Malaysia/Imperatifs Sanitaires et Politique Etrangere : Le Cas De la Malaisie/Los Imperativos Sanitarios En la Politica Exterior: El Caso De Malasia
Introduction Health has increasingly become a significant element in foreign policy for both major and smaller countries, extending beyond their formal membership in global health agencies to feature more prominently in regional and bilateral relations....
Health Is a Foreign Policy Concern
Jonas Gahr Store, earned his degree in political science at the Institut d Etudes Politiques de Par s in France in 1985 after attending the Royal Norwegian Naval Academy. Store started his career as a teaching fellow at Harvard Law School in 1986....
Making G8 Leaders Deliver: An Analysis of Compliance and Health Commitments, 1996-2006/comment Les Dirigeants Du G8 Ont Honore Leurs Engagements Dans le Domaine Sanitaire De 1996 a 2006/analisis del Cumplimiento De Los Compromisos De Los Lideres del G8 En Materia De Salud (1996-2006)
Introduction How can international institutions encourage their member governments to commit to and comply with actions to improve global public health? This question is important for health policymakers, who now have a diverse array of institutional...
Medical Visas Mark Growth of Indian Medical Tourism: India's Medical Tourism Sector Is a Growing Source of Foreign Exchange as Well as Prestige and Goodwill outside the Country. Having Supported Medical Tourism's Rapid Growth, the Government Is under Pressure to Find Ways to Make the Sector of Benefit to Public Health Services That Are Used by Most of India's 1.1 Billion Population
Indian consulates and missions abroad face a growing number of inquiries about "M" or medical visas. The Indian Ministry of Tourism's 13 overseas offices are stocked with information for those intending to travel to India for medical treatment....
Navy Labs Play Public Health Role: A United States Network of Laboratories, Initially Created to Protect the Health of US Service Personnel by Doing Local Research and Disease Surveillance, Has Become a Major Public Health Presence in the Developing Countries Where It Operates
When bird flu was first detected in Egypt in February 2006, it was a US naval laboratory that confirmed the samples received from Egypt's government laboratory were of the HSN1 sub-type, before forwarding them to the US Centers for Disease Control...
Reflections on the Revolution in Health and Foreign Policy
Introduction The papers in this issue of the Bulletin reflect increasing interest in, and concern about, the relationship between health and foreign policy. Such intensified attention signals awareness of a transformation in this relationship that...
Security, Insecurity and health/Securite, Insecurite et Sante/ Seguridad, Inseguridad Y Salud
Introduction In contexts of poor security, public health interventions and the delivery of health care to the individual are more difficult to perform and less likely to succeed than in contexts of security. Violence--including the threat of violence--in...
Strengthening Public Health Education and Training to Improve Global Health
Public health training and education have existed for over a century, (1) yet there is little systematic evidence on whether current approaches prepare graduates to improve health by developing, evaluating and implementing effective and equity-oriented...
The Importance of Militaries from Developing Countries in Global Infectious Disease surveillance/Importance Du Personnel Militaire Des Pays En Developpement Dans la Surveillance Mondiale Des Maladies infectieuses/Importancia De Los Militares De Los Paises En Desarollo En la Vigilancia Mundial De Las Enfermedades Infercciosas
Introduction Militaries maintain public health programmes to monitor, prevent and treat infections that could reduce the operational effectiveness of their forces. To advance mission objectives or broader national goals, military forces may extend...
The Need for Global Planned Mobilization of Essential Medicine: Lessons from a Massive Thai Botulism Outbreak
Introduction A massive outbreak of botulism in northern Thailand in March 2006 tested international capacity to respond to a public health emergency. Botulism poisoning due to contaminated home-canned bamboo shoots caused illness in 209 villagers,...
The Value of a Human Rights Perspective in Health and Foreign Policy
What could public health advocates do more effectively to encourage governments to act on underprioritized global health concerns? One important component largely missing from current strategies is the international human rights framework. Human rights...
Trade Policy and Health: From Conflicting Interests to Policy coherence/Politique Commercials et Sante : Passer Des Conflits D'interets a Une Action coherente/Politicas Comerciales Y Salud: De Los Intereses Enfrentados a la Coherencia Normativa
Introduction The links between trade agreements and health have been the subject of intense international debate in policy and academic circles in recent years, following the signing of the World Trade Organization's Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects...