Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Articles from Vol. 82, No. 3, March

Ailing French Health Care System to Go under the Knife
The French public health system--once praised by WHO as the best in the world--is overburdened, wasteful and in urgent need of an overhaul, says a government-commissioned report released in January. The diagnosis lays the groundwork for the second...
Are WHO/UNAIDS/UNICEF-Recommended Replacement Milks for Infants of HIV-Infected Mothers Appropriate in the South African Context?
Voir page 169 le resumen francais. En la pagina 170 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction Feeding recommendations for infants of infected HIV-mothers in developing countries remain controversial. As HIV can be transmitted to the infant by...
Avian Flu Virus Could Evolve into Dangerous Human Pathogen, Experts Fear
An unprecedented epidemic of avian influenza has affected huge populations of domestic and migratory birds across Asia triggering fears the virus could mutate into a dangerous human pathogen. The bird flu strain, known as A (H5N1), has been reported...
Condom Use within Marriage: A Neglected HIV Intervention
Voir page 185 le resume en francais. En la pagina 185 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction Greater condom use remains one of the most effective ways of checking the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pandemic in developing countries. Over...
Criteria for Priority-Setting in Health Care in Uganda: Exploration of Stakeholders' Values
Voir page 177 le resumen francais. En la pagina 177 figura un resumen en espanol Introduction Priority setting is one of the most important issues in health care policy because no health system can afford to pay for every service it wishes to...
Discontinuation of Cost Sharing in Uganda
Voir page 194 le resume en francais. En la pagina 194 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction Cost sharing, or user fees, have been an approach used by public sector health services in developing countries to recover some of the costs of services....
Effectiveness of Residual Spraying of Peridomestic Ecotopes with Deltamethrin and Permethrin on Triatoma Infestans in Rural Western Argentina: A District-Wide Randomized Trial
Voir page 203 le resume en francais. En la pagina 204 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction Triatoma infestans, the main vector of Chagas disease, has been the target of the regional elimination programme "Southern Cone Initiative" since...
Feeding the Infants of HIV-Infected Mothers
Mother-to-child transmission is the predominant route of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in young children. In 2003, an estimated 2.5 million children under 15 years of age were living with HIV/AIDS, 700 000 were newly infected, and 500...
Flagging Global Sanitation Target Threatens Other Millennium Development Goals
The global target of halving the proportion of people without access to basic sanitation by 2015 is currently out of reach for many countries, said Borge Brende, Chair of the 12th Session of the UN Commission for Sustainable Development (UNCSD), in...
Galvanizing Mental Health Research in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Role of Scientific Journals: A Joint Statement Issued by Editors of Scientific Journals Publishing Mental Health Research, & Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse, WHO, Geneva, January 2004 *
The WHO Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse organized the following meeting: Mental Health Research in Developing Countries: Role of Scientific Journals in Genera, on 20 and 21 November 2003, attended by 25 editors representing journals...
Gender and the 10/90 Gap in Health Research
Currently, less than 10% of current global funding for research is spent on diseases that afflict more than 90% of the population. This is referred to as the 10/90 gap in health research, and efforts to close it are mounting as part of the wider equity...
Humanitarian Crisis in Sudan
The recent escalation of violence in Darfur, western Sudan, has led to a humanitarian crisis with thousands of people fleeing into the desert. Three million people remain beyond the reach of aid. Lack of access to food, water and medical facilities...
Population Ageing in Lebanon: Current Status, Future Prospects and Implications for Policy
Voir page 223 le resume en francais. En la pagina 224 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction Population ageing is a relatively recent phenomenon, though its global manifestations in particular the changes being experienced by developing countries--have...
The Determinants of Self-Reported Health-Related Quality of Life in a Culturally and Socially Diverse South African Community
Voir page 211 le resume en francais. En la pagina 211 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction Improving the quality of life is often the major goal in the provision of health care (1) and clinicians and policy-makers recognize the importance...
The Role of Journals in Enhancing Health Research in Developing Countries
Enhancing the scientific and technological capacity of the developing world is once again on the global agenda: a new report by the InterAcademy Council (IAC), an organization created in 2000 by 90 of the world's leading science academies, was presented...
Tobacco Smoking and Oral Clefts: A Meta-Analysis
Voir page 217 le resume en francais. En la pagina 217 figura un resumen en espanol Introduction Smoking is practised by about a third of the world's population aged 15 years or older, including some 12% of women (1). The proportion of women who...
Top Broadcasters Join Forces with UN on HIV/AIDS Prevention
Twenty of the world's most powerful broadcasters and media conglomerates joined forces with humanitarian agencies to fight HIV/AIDS in a new initiative which UN Secretary-General, Kofi Annan, said had the potential to save "as many, if not more, lives...
US and Thai Governments Defend HIV/AIDS Vaccine Trial in Thailand
Public health officials and scientists from the US and Thai Governments have countered accusations by a group of HIV/AIDS researchers who questioned the scientific rationale behind a Thai and US Government-backed trial of an HIV/AIDS vaccine in Thailand....
Vitamin and Mineral Deficiencies Harm One-Third of the World's Population, Says New Report
Micronutrient deficiencies are damaging the health of one-third of the world's population and hampering the economic development of nearly every country in the Southern Hemisphere says a new report released on 21 January at the 2004 World Economic...
West Africa Prepares for the Final Battle against Polio
Ten West African countries will begin a massive, synchronized polio immunization campaign on 23 February 2004 aimed at vaccinating 63 million children in the region in just a few days. The campaign comes just one month after Health Ministers gathered...
WHO Issues Guidelines for Herbal Medicines
WHO has released guidelines for ensuring the safety, efficacy and environmental sustainability of the US$ 60 billion a year herbal medicines market amidst an increasing number of reports indicating adverse health reactions caused by the misuse of medicinal...
WHO Refutes Malaria Malpractice Allegations
WHO's Roll Back Malaria department has refuted allegations by an international group of 13 malaria researchers accusing WHO and the Global Fund to Fight, AIDS, Turberculosis and Malaria (GFATM) of failing to promote available and effective malaria...