Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Articles from Vol. 88, No. 2, February

Cardiovascular Risk Factor Trends and Potential for Reducing Coronary Heart Disease Mortality in the United States of America/ Tendances Des Facteurs De Risque Cardiovasculaire et Possibilites De Reduire la Mortalite Par Cardiopathie Coronarienne Aux Etats-Unis d'Amerique/tendencias De Los Factores De Riesgo Cardiovascular Y Potencial De Reduccion De la Mortalidad Por Cardiopatia Coronaria
Introduction Coronary heart disease (CHD) accounted for over 450 000 deaths in the United States of America in 2004. (1,2) The burden of CHD in the United States is enormous; more than 13 million people are affected, and the costs of direct health...
Cost-Effectiveness of Skin-Barrier-Enhancing Emollients among Preterm Infants in Bangladesh/Rapport Cout/efficacite Des Emollients Destines a Renforcer la Barriere Cutanee Chez Les Nourrissons Prematures Au Bangladesh/Costoeficacia De la Aplicacion De Emolientes Cutaneos Los Lactantes Prematuros En Bangladesh
Introduction An estimated 4 million children worldwide die each year during the neonatal period, three fourths of them within the first 7 days. (1) The overwhelming majority (99%) of neonatal deaths occur in low- and middle-income settings and are...
Effectiveness of 7-Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine against Radiologically Diagnosed Pneumonia in Indigenous Infants in Australia/ Efficacite Du Vaccin Antipneumococcique Conjugue Heptavalent Contre la Pneumonie Diagnostiquee Par Examen Radiologique Chez Les Nourrissons Indigenes En Australie/ Eficacia De la Vacuna Antineumococica Conjugada Heptavalente Contra la Neumonia Diagnosticada Radiologicamente
Introduction Australian indigenous children suffer from extremely high rates of pneumonia and acute respiratory illness, (1-3) and determining the potential for reducing disease burden with pneumococcal conjugate vaccines is therefore seen as a...
Effectiveness of Planning and Management Interventions for Improving Age-Appropriate Immunization in Rural India/Efficacite Des Interventions De Planification et De Gestion Dans Les Zones Rurales De l'Inde Pour Ameliorer L'age D'administration Des vaccins/Eficacia De Intervenciones De Planificacion Y Gestion Para Mejorar la Vacunacion a la Edad Apropiada En Una Zona Rural De la India
Introduction Every year communicable diseases kill more than 14 million people throughout the world, predominantly in developing countries. (1) At present, measles, pertussis and tetanus, diseases that affect children, are responsible for the majority...
Expiry of Medicines in Supply Outlets in Uganda/ Depassement De la Date De Peremption Des Medicaments Au Niveau Des Points D'approvisionnement En Ouganda/ Caducidad De Los Medicamentos En Los Puntos De Distribucion En Uganda
Introduction In developing countries, where budgets for medicines are often tight, the supply cycle needs to be well-managed to prevent all types of wastage, including pilferage, misuse and expiry. This wastage reduces the quantity of medicines...
Household-Wide Ivermectin Treatment for Head Lice in an Impoverished Community: Randomized Observer-Blinded Controlled trial/Traitement Par L'ivermectine Contre Les Poux De Tete De Rensemble Des Membres Des Foyers Dans Une Communaute Appauvrie : Essai Controle Randomise En Simple Aveugle
Introduction Pediculosis capitis (head lice infestation) is probably the most common parasitic condition among children worldwide. It is particularly common in resource-poor communities in the developing world, where it affects individuals of all...
Human Rights and Health Go Hand-in-Hand: Professor Savitri Goonesekere Recently Worked with the World Health Organization on a Human-Rights-Based Assessment of Sri Lanka's Laws, Regulations and Policies on Adolescents' Access to Reproductive and Sexual Health Information and Services. She Spoke to Sarah Cumberland about the Importance of Taking a Human Rights Approach to Health
Q: On 20 November 2009, it was the 20th anniversary of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). Sri Lanka is often cited as a model for its work in reducing child and maternal mortality and in improving literacy. How has the...
Maternal near Miss and Maternal Death in the World Health Organization's 2005 Global Survey on Maternal and Perinatal health/Deces Maternels et Deces Maternels Evites De Justesse Dans le Cadre De L'enquete Mondiale Sur la Sante Maternelle et Perinatale Realisee En 2005 Par l'Organisation Mondiale De la Sante/Cuasieventos Maternos Y Mortalidad Materna En la Encuesta Mundial 2005 De la Organizacion Mundial
Introduction Approximately 15 000 women die every year in Latin America and the Caribbean of causes related to pregnancy. The maternal mortality ratio (MMR) for the region, which is around 130 maternal deaths per 100 000 live births, lies somewhere...
Pakistan, Politics and Polio
The United Nations Secretary General's concern over the recent resurgence of polio cases in Pakistan should focus global attention on the country for reasons other than security, terrorism and conflict. As one of the four countries of the world now...
Self-Reported Health Assessments in the 2002 World Health Survey: How Do They Correlate with Education?/ Auto-Evaluations De L'etat De Sante Dans le Cadre De l'Enquete Sur la Sante Dans le Monde De 2002 : Quelle Correlation Existe-T-Il Entre Ces Evaluations et le Niveau D'education?/ Autoevaluaciones De la Salud En la Encuesta Mundial De Salud 2002: Correlacion Con El Nivel Educativo
Introduction There are doubts about the validity of using self-reports of health for assessing population health, particularly in disadvantaged populations. Since self-assessment of health is directly contingent on social experience, it has been...
Short-Sightedness in Sight-Saving: Half a Strategy Will Not Eliminate Blinding Trachoma
Few diseases are more closely linked to the environment than trachoma--the leading global cause of preventable blindness. An estimated 40 million people are infected with Chlaymdia trachomatis, of whom 8.2 million have trachomatous trichiasis, the...
Thailand: Health Care for All, at a Price: Thailand Has Had a Universal Health-Care Coverage Scheme since 2002. in the Second of Our Series on Health Financing, Apiradee Treerutkuarkul Examines How Renal-Replacement Therapy for Chronic End-Stage Renal Disease Is Straining the Scheme's Resources
In 1998 21-year-old Thunyalak Boonsumlit fell ill so her worried parents took her to hospital. "I thought I had food poisoning," she recalls. The doctor, however, told her she had acute kidney disease and would die without immediate treatment. There...
The Weight of Affluence: High Incomes and a Taste for Fast Food and Sugary Drinks Have Pushed Nationals of the United Arab Emirates into the Obesity Club. Michael Reid Reveals How the Government Is Tackling a Problem That Has Caused Cases of Diabetes to Skyrocket
A multicultural field gathered at 07:00 for the start of the recent Abu Dhabi half marathon. Runners from Australia, Canada, France, India, South Africa and the United Kingdom, to name but a few of the countries represented, took their marks. Yet of...
What You Count Is What You Target: The Implications of Maternal Death Classification for Tracking Progress towards Reducing Maternal Mortality in Developing countries/On Ne Peut Prendre Comme Objectif Qu'une Grandeur Qu'on Mesure: Consequences De la Classification Des Deces Maternels Sur le Suivi Des Progres Vers la Reduction De la Mortalite Maternelle Dans Les Pays En Developpement
Introduction Despite long-term efforts to reduce maternal mortality by providing antenatal care, emergency obstetric care and skilled attendance at delivery, (1) the risk of dying during pregnancy or childbirth remains significant for women in developing...
WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control: A Key Milestone
This month marks the fifth anniversary of the entry into force of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC). This Convention is unique for two reasons: it is the first international treaty negotiated under WHO's...