Journal of Business Administration

Articles

Vol. 22, Annual

The Environment and Development in Southeast Asia: Some Economic and Technological Dimensions
Introduction "Environmental control is a luxury we cannot afford" was a frequent refrain from the developing world in the decades of the 1970s and 1980s, yet emerging evidence of the impact of unfettered growth on human health and the ecosystem has...
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The Environment and Development in Southeast Asia: Some Social and Political Dimensions
While the reasons vary from country to country in Southeast Asia, there is no doubt that each country in the region today faces serious environmental problems. This is especially evident in relation to their natural resources such as forests, minerals,...
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The State, Local Government, and Resource Management in Southeast Asia: Recent Trends in the Philippines, Vietnam, and Thailand
Environmental policy in Southeast Asia, as elsewhere, emerged as the responsibility of national governments (i.e., the state).(1) In countries with longer experience in the field, large national institutions have arisen, backed by the legislation and...
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Community Resource Management and Political-Economic Restructuring in Mainland Southeast Asia
Recent concern for more sustainable and participatory approaches to development has encouraged a renewed focus on community resource management. This article outlines a framework and research agenda for broadening investigation of community management...
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Mining, Development, and Indigenous Peoples in Southeast Asia
While it is apparent that mining has contributed greatly to world development in general, the role of mining in the development process for individual countries, regions, and peoples is problematic.(1) Two issues have been at the forefront of debate...
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Forests, Community, and Development: The Political Economy of Resource Use in the Philippine Uplands
Any examination of the nature and character of resource use in the Philippine uplands necessitates confronting the question of whether such resource use patterns have resulted in sustainable development over time within the context of popular needs satisfaction...
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Gender, Trees, and Tenure: Land-Use Priorities in an Indigenous Upland Community - Ifugao, Philippines
The concept that those with the most immediate interest in natural resources should control their development or protection, ensuring that their needs are met in the process, is a common sense idea. It lies at the heart of the criticisms of development...
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Linking Development from below to the International Environmental Movement: Sustainable Development and State-NGO Relations in Indonesia
In December 1986, two key officials within the Malaysian government labelled five indigenous non-governmental organizations (NGOs) "urban terrorists" and "thorns in the flesh" of the nation.(2) Ten months later, the Mahathir government detained without...
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The Challenge of Economic Growth: Creating Essential Insurance to Preserve the Environment for Sustainable Development
Almost all nations in the contemporary world regard economic development as a priority. This has added importance for developing countries since genuine international political equality requires effective economic strength. Equally important is the view...
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Development, Environment and Society in Vietnam
The Natural Environment Vietnam regained national independence in 1945, but was left with a backward and poor economy and over-exploited natural resources. This was followed by several decades of war which caused great losses in lives and property....
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Economic, Environmental, Social and Cultural Issues in Mineral and Energy Development of Vietnam
Introduction Any discussion of the economic, environmental, social and cultural impacts of mineral and energy development within Vietnam [ILLUSTRATION FOR FIGURE 1 OMITTED! must recognize the interaction of the nation's population, its development objectives...
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Some Aspects of Resource Management in the Jakarta Urban Environment
1. The Land Use Profile Jakarta is a special province of the Republic of Indonesia because of its status as the country's capital city. It has an area of 65,570 ha, including over 600 small islands called the "Thousand Islands" or Kepulauan Seribu....
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Mangrove and Coastal Zone Management Strategy: A Case Study of Irian Jaya, Indonesia
Introduction The coastal zone management (CZM) strategies investigated here involve a mangrove area in Eastern Indonesia. The investigation is based upon a broad understanding of the ecological economics of the resource. Accordingly, the analysis includes...
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Prospects for Vietnam's Fisheries Resources
INTRODUCTION Vietnam is by virtue of its geography a coastal state.(1) As such, Vietnam has been, and will continue to be, highly dependent upon its marine resources, especially its fisheries. This chapter provides an overview of the current status...
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Biodiversity and Development in Northern Thailand
"If the number of people increases, but the forest diminishes, then the good life and happiness can be expected to fade away..." (Phothiart, 1989, p. 374) Introduction Biodiversity, after decades of obscurity, is finally making its way into the lexicon...
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To Defend Ourselves: Common Property Management of Forests in Northern Thailand
INTRODUCTION Historically, rural villagers in northern Thailand had a stable coexistence with forest ecosystems due to the intrinsic value attached to forests in Thai culture as well as to customary common property management systems.(1) In the contemporary...
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Social Environmental Impact Assessment and Ethnic Minorities: State vs. Local Interest in Khao Laem Dam Construction
1. Historical Background: Policy and Legislation Related to Ethnic Minorities in Thailand Until World War II, Thai governments viewed the country as ethnically homogeneous, consisting only of Thai people. Those who were ethnically non-Thai were outside...
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The State, the Community and Environmental Impact Assessment: Thailand's Enhancement and Conservation of Environmental Quality Act
I. INTRODUCTION Environmental protection and management is one of the few public policy domains where the state is still acknowledged as having a legitimate and important role to play. It is also a public decision-making arena where vigorous citizen...
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Vietnam's Forests: Historical Perspective on a Major Issue for Sustainable Development
INTRODUCTION It is no secret that Viet Nam is currently undergoing a period of intense socio-economic transformation that has already propelled it into the ranks of the fastest growing economies of Asia. With foreign business interests beating their...
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Potential Climate Change Impacts and Viet Nam's Key Environmental Issues
INTRODUCTION There has been a proliferation of "grey literature" (i.e. mostly not peer reviewed or published) on the environment in Viet Nam since 1991 when that country withdrew from Cambodia and foreign aid was reinstated by many donors. Baseline...
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Vol. 21, No. 1-2, Fall

Internationalization of the Curriculum
1.0 INTRODUCTION The starting premise of this paper is that in order to internationalize the curriculum it is necessary to internationalize the faculty. The members of the faculty in a business school represent its assets; they are intelligent and knowledgeable...
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Comment on Rugman's Paper
Alan Rugman, a leading academic and a pioneer in the field of international business (IB), presents a number of provocative, yet thoughtful suggestions for internationalizing business schools in Canada (and elsewhere). They deserve our serious attention....
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Internationalizing the Faculty: Internationalizing Who Is Teaching and Publishing
The topics of internationalizing the curriculum and internationalizing the faculty are closely inter-related. Without an internationalized curriculum, there cannot be an adequate pool of future faculty with the necessary qualifications to teach the international...
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International Business as International Politics
1.0 INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS AND INTERNATIONAL POLITICS Imagine two large firms, both diversified across product lines, organized by strategic business unit, and with vast geographic distances separating corporate headquarters from operating subsidiaries....
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Economic Foundations of International Business
1.0 INTRODUCTION Over the past decade, international business has acquired a much higher profile in the teaching of business and management. This higher profile reflects the increased relative importance of international transactions and international...
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The Field of International Business and JIBS' Role in It
1.0 INTRODUCTION The following "Letter from the Editor-in-Chief" was published in the First Quarter 1991 issue of the Journal of International Business Studies. The Journal of International Business Studies (JIBS) makes every effort to publish the...
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Role and Methods of Language Training Programs in Internationalizing Management Education
1.0 INTRODUCTION: THE ISSUE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS, LANGUAGE AND CROSS-CULTURAL COMMUNICATION COMPETENCE The Academie Francaise has conservatively estimated a total of 2,796 languages are currently spoken on the planet, excluding an additional 7,000...
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Regional Studies in International Business Education
1.0 INTRODUCTION Corporations are rapidly expanding their foreign operations which is leading to increasing demand for area specialists. The growth of multinational enterprises' (MNEs) overseas operations is reflected by the rapid increase of foreign...
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Comment on Ries' Paper
The role of regional studies in international business research and education is as difficult to define as the role of international business itself. Regional studies do not have a natural home in business schools that are organized around the core functional...
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Methods for Learning Involved in Internationalizing Management Education: Experimenting with Silent Meetings, Microcultures and Microworlds
1.0 INTRODUCTION: LEARNING TO LEARN AND LEARNING TO PUT KNOWLEDGE INTO ACTION As I was writing this paper, I realized that there was an inconsistency between the title of the paper I was asked to prepare and to present, and some of the comments that...
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The Internationalization of Management Textbooks: A Survey of the International Components of North American Management Textbooks and Support Materials
1.0 PREFACE/INTRODUCTION International content in management textbooks remains seriously under-represented and poorly integrated into the core concepts. A cursory survey of textbooks in the general business disciplines indicates that, except for a few...
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The Teaching of International Finance
1.0 INTRODUCTION Canadians have never been known for their willingness to take risks. Indeed, their rather conservative attitudes probably help explain one of the successes of Canada's economy, the life-insurance industry. Unfortunately globalization...
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Internationalization of the Accounting Curriculum
1.0 INTRODUCTION As noted in the list of references at the end of the paper, there is no shortage of articles on the internationalization of the accounting curriculum. The articles start with a discussion of the importance of international accounting...
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International Operations Management
1.0 INTRODUCTION This paper will describe a global network of manufacturing plants, operated to respond to changing market demands. Before I begin let me recount my personal motivation for the network thinking that permeates this paper. * In 1962,...
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Teaching Global Marketing: The Executive Angle
1.0 INTRODUCTION The level of knowledge and understanding concerning the teaching of international marketing is relatively low. There are potentially many topics to cover, and it is not so clear who the best teachers would be. Viewed as "marketing in...
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Internationalizing Management Education: Human Resource Management
1.0 INTRODUCTION International human resource management (IHRM) has recently been recognized as being a key element in the successful management of international business. The implementation of an international strategy or the achievement of goals for...
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A World-Class Company Is One Whose Customers Cannot Be Won Away by Competitors: Internationalizing Strategic Management
1.0 INTRODUCTION Business schools exist to improve management practice. All scholarly research, development of teaching materials, testing of theories, and other activities carried on by faculties of business schools should help managers develop tools...
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Administrative Structures and Processes to Promote Internationalization
1.0 INTRODUCTION There is little disagreement that business schools must adjust to the international business environment of the 1990s, which is marked by the globalization of business operations, geographical market integration, and a rapidly increasing...
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Internationalization of the Michigan Business School: A Letter from the Front
1.0 INTRODUCTION North American schools and colleges of business administration are engaged in a game of "catch up" in business education because of the consequences of globalization of the marketplace. There is an urgency to offer internationally-oriented...
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In Search of the Holy Grail: Reflections on the Internationalization of Business Education
As we approach the 21st Century, business enterprises are increasingly facing mounting pressures to achieve and sustain higher levels of industrial competitiveness in a rapidly changing global environment. Consider some trends: Between 1948 and 1953,...
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Internationalizing Management Education: Experience in Australia
1.0 INTRODUCTION In the limited space available to me, I will not describe the many activities in Australian universities that correspond closely to activities of Canadian universities which are described in this volume. Australia has many social and...
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Role and Methods of Student Exchanges in Internationalizing Management Education
1.0 INTRODUCTION Although North American students have been studying abroad in large numbers since the 1950s, they have rarely been an effective force in internationalizing the classroom or the faculty in our major business schools. The very existence...
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Island Programs: The UBC Experience with a Summer Program in France
1.0 DESCRIPTION OF THE PROGRAM In 1991, the University of British Columbia (UBC), in conjunction with the University of Toronto (UT), launched a six-week summer program in International Business Studies. The program was held in Southern France during...
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Vol. 20, No. 1-2, Fall

Comparative Advantage in Timber Supply: Lessons from History and the Timber Supply Model
The discussion of comparative advantage is a discussion of the costs of production relative to market price. The countries, firms, or individuals with a comparative advantage are those with the production costs less than or equal to the market price...
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The Impact of the Free Trade Agreement on the U.S. Forestry Sector: A General Equilibrium Analysis
INTRODUCTION On 1 January 1989, a U.S./Canadian bilateral |free trade' agreement (FTA) became effective. This historic pact will phase out most of the tariff barriers between the United States and Canada over the next ten years and will liberalize...
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Policies for the Management of Temperate Mountain Forests: A Comparison from Switzerland and Colorado
Sustained-yield forestry is a persistent concept in forest management in both Europe and North America.(1) the concept is centuries old, it was first formalized as the basis of scientific forestry in early nineteenth century Germany (Clawson and Sedjo...
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Property Rights as Authority Systems: The Role of Rules in Resource Management
Concern for disappearing hardwoods, global warming, and droughts in sub-Saharan Africa give special urgency to the improved management of the world's tropical forest. I want to address here one particular aspect of that concern -- one that underlines...
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