Journal of International Affairs

Foreign affairs periodical focuses on policy analysis, including state building and peace operations.

Articles from Vol. 54, No. 1, Fall

Chronology
552 First mention of T'u-kue tribe in Central Asia. 751 Chinese Buddhists driven out of Central Asia by Arab Muslim armies, opening the way for Turkish conversion to Islam. 861 Turkish slave soldiers kill the Muslim...
Cleansing Islam from the Public Sphere(1)
"Modern Turkey, like a transgendered body with the soul of one gender in the body of another, is in constant tension.... The soul of white Turkey and its Kemalist identify is in constant pain and conflict with the national body politic of Turkey."...
Corruption: The Turkish Challenge
"When countries such as Turkey with weak law enforcement and lack of transparency undertake massive economic reforms that involve lucrative privatization deals, corruption may eat away at the system." A Stanford political science professor starts...
Editors' Foreword
Choosing the two topics that are covered in each year's Journal is always a process debated at length. It is rare that a single country is chosen as the focus for an entire issue; until this year, only China and Mexico had been awarded this distinction....
From Emancipation to Liberation: The Changing Role of Women in Turkey's Public Realm
"Even though women have not altered the fundamental understandings of secularism and nationalism in the country, they have exposed the limitations of these concepts. Women have developed a language with which they can now redefine their relationship...
Glossary
Adab tradition--The statist political tradition of the Ottoman Empire. Alevis--A Shiite sect in Turkey Anatolian Tigers--Cities in Anatolia that have been marked by strong, high-tech driven economic growth in the 1990s. Includes Denizli, Corum,...
Indentity Crises and Political Instability in Turkey
"Political changes need to be publicly negotiated, not imposed on society. Only a national consensus based on a new social contract--not force---can take the country beyond its self-generated conflicts, isolation and authoritarianism." The first...
Neoliberal Globalization and the Democracy Paradox: The Turkish General Elections of 1999
"The deep sense of uncertainty, and the feeling of rootlessness produced by globalization have clearly contributed to the rise of often authoritarian forms of identity politics to the center stage in the political arena." Naeoliberal globalization...
The Evolution of the National Security Culture and the Military in Turkey
"Turkey's cultural environment has influenced its quest for security through alliances, its circumspect foreign policy and the persistent efforts of successive governments to embrace the West." Like any social behavior, modern Turkey's foreign and...
The Ottoman Legacy and Turkish Politics
"The absence of civil society in Turkey was an inheritance from the Ottoman Empire, where political, economic and social power coalesced in the center." Continuity rather than change characterizes Turkish political culture. Ottoman political norms...
The Political Economy of Turkish Inflation
"Recent Turkish macroeconomic history, including the crisis of 1999 and the current disinflation program, can only be presented and analyzed adequately by understanding Turkish inflation, whence it came and to where it is going." After the Second...
The Struggles of a "Strong" State
"The process of transition to the European Union--even if success is a long way off--is likely to force Turkey to undertake significant changes that will make the state smaller, more efficient, less repressive and intrusive and, yet, genuinely stronger."...
Turkey and Eurasia: Opportunities and Risks in the Caspian Pipeline Derby
"In the decade ahead, Turkey will continue to face geo-political uncertainty in its relations with Russia and the Caspian Sea region, driven until now by the contentious interaction between Russian and US policies in the Caspian region." Turkey's...
Turkey and Israel: Reciprocal and Mutual Imagery in the Media, 1994-1999
"Situated at the crossroad between East and West, Turkey and Israel think of themselves as possessing a partially European identity in the `rough neighborhood' of the Middle East. Geographic proximity and historical interactions with Europe shaped...
Turkey at a Crossroad
"As the country faces a new century, the ideological, cultural, political and economic debates that are flourishing in all sections of society directly question the centrality of state institutions and practices and promise to take Turkey in a different...
Turkey in a Changing Security Environment
"[O]ne can no longer measure Turkey's strategic importance in purely geographic terms.... Those factors remain--but Ankara is also an increasingly capable security actor in its own right, with the resources and the willingness to use military power...
Turkish Foreign Policy in the Post-Cold War Era: The Challenges of Multi-Regionalism
"Observers have described Turkey's efforts to chart its course in the new international system in such terms as a policy of `near activism' or one that displayed signs of both `daring and caution.' However, this [does] not imply the abandonment of...
Who Guards the Turkish Press? A Perspective on Press Corruption in Turkey
"The press becomes corrupt when it tolerates what it knows to be false and becomes an apologist for what it itself has condemned as wrong." Quis custodiet custodiens or "who guards the guardians" is a conundrum which open societies claim to have...