Journal of International Affairs

Foreign affairs periodical focuses on policy analysis, including state building and peace operations.

Articles from Vol. 66, No. 1, Fall-Winter

Archaeology of the Present: Organized Crime through the Study of Urban Built Environments: An Interview with Eyal Weizman
The urban landscape is a testament to the impact of transnational organized crime (TOC) in the everyday lives of citizens. Because of this, architects and urban planners have an interesting role to play in understanding the complexity of this issue....
Borderland Conditions between the United States and Mexico: A Conversation between Rachel St. John and Natalia Mendoza
The border as a unit of analysis becomes a key player when addressing issues of transnational scale. Throughout history, the shape and meaning of borders have evolved as dynamic configurations responding to a wide range of political, economic, and...
Central American Gangs: Changing Nature and New Partners
This article will examine the changing roles of Central American gangs within the drug trafficking structures, particularly the Mexican drug trafficking organizations (DTOs), operating in the region. This will include the emerging political role of...
Corporate Criminal Liability: Article 10 of the Convention against Transnational Organized Crime
The UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (UNCTOC) establishes criminal liability of the corporation as a legal entity in addition to the individual liability of persons who may be acting on behalf of the corporation. The purpose of this...
Criminal Activity in a Globalizing World
Transnational Crime and the 21st Century: Criminal Enterprise, Corruption, and Opportunity Jay S. Albanese (New York: Oxford University Press, 2011), 158 pages. In the early twentieth century, the U.S. government was struggling to find a way...
Deciphering the Linkages between Organized Crime and Transnational Crime
Over the last twenty years, traditional depictions of organized crime as an ethnic, neighborhood phenomenon have given way to discoveries of emerging transnational criminal enterprises involving trafficking, fraud, and corruption on an international...
Demands of Supply: The Illicit Pathways of Global Supply Chains
Global trade can give rise to new economic possibilities in developing regions and open a boundless world of opportunity for design and production. The following pages contain a composite map of the supply chains behind electronics manufacturing. Constructed...
Draining Development? Controlling Flows of Illicit Funds from Developing Countries
DRAINING DEVELOPMENT? CONTROLLING FLOWS OF ILLICIT FUNDS FROM DEVELOPING COUNTRIES Peter Reuter, editor. (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2012), 531 pages. News breaks that a developing nation's budget seems to contain statistical anomalies, with...
Editors' Foreword
The end of the twentieth century ushered in an era of transformative technology that has revolutionized the global marketplace. At the same time, transnational criminal networks have benefited from this revolution and have used it to penetrate economies...
Fighting Transnational Environmental Crime
Transnational environmental crime (TEC) is often not taken seriously within the broader policy and enforcement community. It is one of the fastest growing areas of cross-border criminal enterprise involving high profits and low risk for those involved...
Global Vice: The Expanding Territory of the Yakuza: An Interview with Jake Adelstein
As the world furthers its interconnectedness, some criminal organizations formerly operating within a regional jurisdiction are now benefitting from transnational growth. Similar to international corporate expansion, members of organized crime in Japan,...
Gridlock: Labor, Migration, and Human Trafficking in Dubai
GRIDLOCK: LABOR, MIGRATION, AND HUMAN TRAFFICKING IN DUBAI Pardis Mahdavi (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2011), 264 pages. In Gridlock, Pardis Mahdavi explores the social issues of labor migration in Dubai--a topic less visible than...
Hidden in Plain Sight: An Anthropology of the Global Criminal Underworld
Dark Logic: Transnational Criminal Tactics and Global Security Robert Mandel (Stanford, California: Stanford University Press, 2011), 255 pages. Over the last two decades, the global shadow economy has flourished: according to the UN Office...
Informality and Illegality in the Exploitation of Gold and Timber in Antioquia
INFORMALITY AND ILLEGALITY IN THE EXPLOITATION OF GOLD AND TIMBER IN ANTIOQUIA Jorge Giraldo Ramirez and Juan Carlos Munoz Mora (Medellin: Centro de Analisis Politico Universidad Eafit and Proantioquia, 2012), 197 pages. In Informality...
International Narcotics Law Enforcement: A Study in Irrationality
This year sees the celebration of the first century of international legal provisions against the illicit production and trade of narcotics substances. Accordingly, this is an appropriate moment to evaluate the results obtained. The following essay...
Mexico's Struggle for Public Security: Organized Crime and State Responses
MEXICO'S STRUGGLE FOR PUBLIC SECURITY: ORGANIZED CRIME AND STATE RESPONSES George Philip, Susana Berruecos, eds. (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012), 204 pages. Mexico's Struggle for Public Security: Organized Crime and State Responses--a...
Organized Crime in a Network Society: An Interview with Misha Glenny
The very benefits of the Internet make it susceptible to being used against individuals, organizations, and states. The changing role of organized crime in a networked society demands understanding the risks involved when using new technologies. Misha...
Outgunned: The Honduran Fight against Transnational Cocaine Traffickers
Transnational organized crime (TOC) is an insidious and omnipresent element in twenty-first century Honduras, representing a clear threat to the stability of its democracy. Over the past five years, criminal organizations have extended their grip on...
Rio De Janeiro: A Local Response to a Global Challenge: An Interview with Col. Robson Rodrigues Da Silva
Transnational organized crime is often manifested by prevalent territorial disputes between rival criminal factions at local levels. Rio de Janeiro--considered one of the most violent of Brazilian cities--has linked lack of security in more than 1,000...
States, Frauds, and the Threat of Transnational Organized Crime
Fraud and corruption are very serious threats to some states and are harmful to all; however, this threat is seldom connected to transnational organized crime (TOC). We cannot examine social problems in a vacuum; we have to construct images of threats...
The Diverse Facilitators of Counterfeiting: A Regional Perspective
Counterfeits may be the least policed form of transnational crime, although the profits from their sale total in the billions of dollars annually. The counterfeits traded by transnational criminals can be subdivided into two categories: those that...
The Failed Divorce of Serbia's Government and Organized Crime
The first democratically elected Prime Minister of Serbia, Dr. Zoran Djindjic, was assassinated in 2003 by an organized crime group closely connected to Serbian state institutions. The group had amassed enormous wealth through transnational drug trafficking....
The Money Laundry: Regulating Criminal Finance in the Global Economy
THE MONEY LAUNDRY: REGULATING CRIMINAL FINANCE IN THE GLOBAL ECONOMY J.C. Sharman (Ithaca: Cornel1 University Press), 224 pages. Those inclined to believe that financial malfeasance is widespread will find abundant evidence in this past summer's...
The Shadow World: Inside the Global Arms Trade
THE SHADOW WORLD: INSIDE THE GLOBAL ARMS TRADE Andrew Feinstein (New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2011), 672 pages. In Shadow World, a book on the global arms trade, author Andrew Feinstein argues that there is only a thin line between...
The Story or Two Women Who Risked Everything in the International Drug Trade
THE STORY OR TWO WOMEN WHO RISKED EVERYTHING IN THE INTERNATIONAL DRUG TRADE Asale Angel-Ajani (Berkeley: Seal Press, 2010), 325 pages. Much has been written about the global drug trade, the international cartels, and the men at the top, creating...
The Twenty-First Century Expansion of the Transnational Drug Trade in Africa
In the last decade, West Africa emerged as a major transit hub for Latin American Drug Trafficking Organizations (DTOs) transporting cocaine to Western Europe. Since that time, there has been cause for hope and despair. The UN Office on Drugs and Crime...
Treasure Islands: Uncovering the Damage of Offshore Banking and Tax Havens
TREASURE ISLANDS: UNCOVERING THE DAMAGE OF OFFSHORE BANKING AND TAX HAVENS Nicholas Shaxson (London: The Bodely Head, 2011), 329 pages. For decades, criminals of all stripes--from gunrunners to money launderers--have stashed their accounting...
Whither Antidrug Policy? an Interview with Vanda Felbab-Brown
Vanda Felbab-Brown, an expert on illicit economies and international and internal conflict management, analyzes the unprecedented pace at which the illicit drug trade is expanding. Her perspective identifies common mistakes in antidrug-designed policies...