Connexions

Articles

No. 47, Winter

Fuki Kushida: Action Is Life
Tokyo. I got off the train along with hundreds of people, but upon leaving the stairs I had my first pleasant surprise: the quarter of Nishi Oghikubo, on the west side of Tokyo, is busy, but not frenetic. Low wooden houses, narrow little streets with...
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Nancy Cardenas: Mexican Poet & Playwright
Nancy Cardenas, Mexican poet and playwright, was born in Coahuila, in 1934. She studied at the Autonomous University of Mexico and at Yale University. She has been employed as a journalist, theatre director, actress and translator. Cardenas's poetry...
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Elizabeth: An Elder Inuk Remembers Her Life
The name of the informant has been changed. This story took place in Arvilinghaurmiut, which is in the Pelly Bay area of Kitikmeot, in the Canadian Arctic. I first went to the Canadian Arctic in November 1972. It was my intention to remain there for...
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Sakuntala Narasimhan: This Journalist Won't Mind Her PS and Qs
Sakuntala Narasimhan, a recognized journalist in India today, came to her profession in a round about way. She discussed her career and self image with Frauensolidaritat during her stay in Vienna in September of this year. Q: You are a columnist of...
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Netumbo Nandi-Ndaitwah: Political Leader and Head of Household
Netumbo Nandi-Ndaitwah is Namibia's Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, President of the Namibia National Women's Organisation (Nanawo), a mother of three, and head of household. Heike Becker spoke to her about her life in politics and at home. At 41,...
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Eileen Giron: Activist, Artist, Entrepreneur
Eileen Giron lives in San Salvador, El Salvador. She is the General Manager of a ceramics workshop, and owns a small coffee plantation. She is an artist, feminist, and disabilities activist. She is a wheelchair user and founder of the disability movement...
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Tatiana Okunieskaia: A Star's Comeback from the Gulag
MOSCOW. "Hello . . . Tatiana Okunieskaia?" "Yes, it is I, who is speaking?" I don't believe it. On the other end of the phone is the same woman I saw yesterday in a piece of silent film from 1934. An old director who teaches at VGIC, the Moscow film...
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Hulda Flood: Socialist, Agitator, Feminist Pioneer
Hulda Flood - is it a household name? Not really. Yet for several decades, she was one of the Social Democrats' prominent figures, and worked as party secretary in the '30s and '40s. An early Mona Sablin, in other words. No, not exactly. Marianne Swedmark...
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Anke Feuchtenberger: All Women Are
Berlin, Spring 1991. The Berlin Wall is open, but the dividing lines between people still exist. The language is German, and yet it is different: The life experiences that serve as a basis for communication diverge greatly. This is also true for active...
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Suor Fabiola: A Nun and Her Cellular Telephone
Suor Fabiola is a Roman with a Milanese accent, from her open smile to her strong handshake. She is called the Sister of the Little Phone because she uses a cellular phone, which makes her a little different, but also because she is one of the few people...
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Hebe Rosell: Her Voice, Her Self, Her Life
With her exceptionally good voice, those clear and serene eyes, a woman artist in every sense of the word shared a secret with me: not about success or fame, but simply about her faith in herself and in doing what is most important in her life, which...
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Miriam Tlali: Don't Ask for Permission to Write
South African-born writer and author of Miriam at the Metropol, Miriam Tlali, visited Namibia in the course of 1993. Sister asked her why she writes and whom she writes for. How did you start writing? I was in the habit of reading a lot. My mother...
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Margarita Murillo: Fierce Resistance
Margarita Murillo, the Honduran activist, recently visited Dublin. The author of "Woman of the Maize," published by Saoirse Press, Margarita told Helen Fallon about her life in Honduras. Q: Margarita, tell me a little about your background. A: I'm...
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Vicky Tauli Corpus: The Women Rally; the Men Begin to Change
An advocate for the rights of indigenous Filipinos, Vicky Tauli Corpus has been an activist in the Philippines Women's Movement for 20 years. She is a leader within GABRIELA, a coalition of more than 100 women's organizations, and Director of the Cordillera...
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Elizabeth Khaxas: To Love Another Woman
A woman who is considering an alternative relationship asked me how one becomes a lesbian. I told her that it's impossible to switch to a lesbian identity and lifestyle overnight, but that she could do what I did. . . One day when I was thirty, I started...
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No. 46, Summer

Back to the Roots
Japan In one scene of the American movie Dances with Wolves, the "Indians" have coffee for the first time. The hero of the story, Lieutenant Danver, tries to entertain them by grinding coffee beans with all his might, boiling water, and offering them...
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Tortuous Developments: A Literary Odyssey
China Author Shi Nan never had any formal schooling, but she caught the attention of millions of Chinese with her first writing effort, a biography of the celebrated woman artist Zhang Yuliang. The book was published in 1983 and soon became a best...
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Safety in Numbers
Pakistan "For some it is a permanent home, for others it is a temporary shelter. For still others, it is a rehabilitation centre preparing them mentally for the journey ahead, often after some domestic trauma," says Shaheen Atio-ur-Rehman, Pakistan's...
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A Rich Harvest of Forbidden Fruit
The Philippines On its cover is a ripe papaya fruit sliced open, black seeds spilling from their bed of orange flesh. Turn the pages and Forbidden Fruit: Women Write the Erotica pursues its promise of sweetness and succulence--in 34 poems and stories...
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Anjaree - toward Lesbian Visibility
Thailand "Dear Sisters, May I tell you something about myself? My name is Kaew (a pseudonym). I have long hair and don't look like a tomboy at all, but I do feel like a man. I love girls! I feel ashamed to let my parents, my brothers and sisters or...
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The Flesh Trade's Empty Promises
Vietnam A familiar sight in Viet Nam's major cities like this one is the frantic daytime traffic, with bicycles and scooters scrambling for every inch of road space. But at night a different kind of traffic cruises the street and alleyways. Sometimes...
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Resilient Resistance
Bhutan Nepal A Bhutanese refugee from Thimai camp--44 year old "A" has come full circle! Born into a Newar family in Biratnagar in East Nepal, she was married at the tender age of 12 and moved to Kathmandu. Her alcoholic husband beat her regularly...
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International Networking: Good for All Activists
Taiwan (An interview with Ni Chia-Chen of the Awakening Foundation by Connexions, August 1994.) Ni Chia-Chen is an AIDS activist working with the Awakening Foundation, a Taiwan feminist non-governmental foundation. Chia-Chen has been organizing around...
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A Government of the Women
India The village of Bramanghar in Maharashtra State's Pune district is a groundbreaker of sorts. Its seven-member panchayat (council) is all-woman. The women were a unanimous choice. Village elders drew up the list of nominees and the entire village...
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Population Politics
Tibet With Beijing being the location of the 1995 world conference on women, the situation of women in Tibet is being brought more and more into the limelight of the feminist opposition. Exiled Tibetan women fear exclusion from the conference because...
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Moving Up the Power Ladder
More than any other human activity, politics has continued to sport a distinctly masculine face. Women--notwithstanding the few who have risen to leadership or key posts in governments-remain largely invisible in the political sphere, it was noted at...
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Lesbian Organizing: Culture, Sexuality, Politics
Taiwan Since the lifting of martial law in 1987, various social movements have changed the face of Taiwanese political culture and everyday life. In addition to a workers' and a student movement, feminist organizing and lesbian activism have begun to...
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Female Closeness and Lesbian Identity
Indonesia Within the cultural context of Indonesia, there exists either male or female sexuality. In addition, a third category is found that neither counts as female nor as male. For example, in South Sulawesi live the Kawe-Kawe men, who wear women's...
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Equality Starts with the Family
Hong Kong Dr. Ellen Li is known to feminist groups as the revered pioneer in the women's liberation movement in Hong Kong. Not only because she initiated many organisations which strive for women's welfare and rights; she also took the lead in campaigns,...
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Between Reality and Hope
Hong Kong/Indonesia Capital transfer from NICs (Newly Industrialized Countries) to countries with lower wages has an adverse impact on workers in both kinds of countries. Tong Lai Chi worked for 20 years in a Hong Kong garment factory. She shares with...
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The Cycle of Literacy
India "Where there is a wheel, there is a way." This is the slogan coined by the women of Pudukkotai, one of the poorest districts of Tamil Nadu state. In the past 15 months or so, more than 100,000 women have taken to bicycling as a symbol of independence...
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Reconstructing the Fabric of Women's Lives
Combodia Khemara was Cambodia's first local non-governmental organization (NGO) and works for the advancement of women. It, along with the blossoming local NGO movement, is very much working towards Beijing and using it as an opportunity for raising...
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Enthusiasm for a Feminist Theology. (China)(Adapted from Decade Link, 1994)_ (Asia: Women Arise)
China Paper delivered at the Friends of the Church in China Conference, July 1993, High Leigh, England. Rev. Gao Ying is an ordained pastor at Cheung Wen Men Church in Beijing. When I consider women in the Chinese church, as a female pastor, three...
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Forward-Looking Strategies Re-Examined
The Jakarta Declaration for the Advancement of Women in Asia and the Pacific was put forth at the recently concluded Second Asian and Pacific Ministerial Conference held in Jakarta, Indonesia. The document contained a Plan of Action aimed at accelerating...
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We Don't Have to Behave as Expected
Japan Women's empowerment has been taking place in various arenas of society and at various levels in Japan. Increasing demand for improving women's status in the workplace is one such area. The workplace has been male-dominated. Women have been considered...
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I Call Myself a Feminist Activist
Sri Lanka In recent decades, the political situation in Sri Lanka has been characterized by the conflict between the dominant Sinhalese government troops and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) rebels [a militant Tamil group fighting for an...
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No. 45, Spring

Beyond the Year 2000
(Translated from "Las Mujeres en el Reparto de Poderes," in Mujeres en Accion, a publication of ISIS International, Santiago, Chile, Number 4, 1993.) "The primary aim for women in the next millennium is the distribution of power," stated Gertrude Mongella,...
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Desperately Hoping
Sweden (Translated and excerpted from "Laget ar fortvivlat men framtiden ar Ijus," by Inga-Lisa Sangregorio, in Kvinnobulletinen, Swedish feminist magazine, Number 1, 1994.) In the fall of 1993, Marta Fritz, editor of Hertha, wrote a letter to other...
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More Than a Roof Overhead
The Philippines (From "Women assert voice in housing concerns," by Perla Aragon-Choudhury, in Depthnews Women's Feature, The Philippines, January 1994.) Women and housing go together. In an ideal world, women's voices should be heard in discussions...
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Power, Politics, Democracy, Autonomy
Latin America (Translated from "VI. Feministischer Kongre[Beta] in Lateinamerika/Karibik. Den rebellischen Charakter bewahren ...." by Siegrid Wistrcil, in Frauensolidaritat, Austrian feminist international quarterly, Number 46, 4/1993.) Maintaining...
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El Salvador
(Excerpted and translated from "De la Confusion a la Esperanza," in Mujeres en Accion, a publication of ISIS International, Santiago, Chile, Number 4, 1993.) After decades of civil war and death squad terrorism, El Salvador is embarking on a program...
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Lesbians on the Road to Beijing
(From "1995 World Conference on Women: Where are the Lesbians," in ILlS Newsletter, from the International Lesbians Information Service, the Netherlands, Volume 15, Number 2, 1994.) Introduction Preparations are now under way for the Fourth United...
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Banana Juice Dialogue
Uganda (From "Emancipation and Rural Women in Uganda," in Women in Action, a publication of ISIS International, The Philippines, Number 2/1991.) Miriam Tabingwa is a founder/member of Action for Economic Development (ACFODE) and the Chairperson of...
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Where Do We Go from Here?
Austria (From "Frauen, wir brauchen eine Zeitung," in Auf--Eine Frauenzeitschrift, #79, March 1993.) Women, we need a newspaper. What do we want from our A U F ? What is the perspective? What is the ideal? What did we want in the Beginning? When...
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"A New Phase of Reconstruction." (Italian Feminist Publishing)
Italy (Translated and excerpted from "Noidonne e il suo futuro. Radiografia a piu' voci di un giornale," by Franca Fossati, in Noi Donne, Italian feminist monthly, Year 48, Number 11/12, December 1993.) What is the future of feminist publishing? Long-time...
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Men in Shorts
Peru (Translated from "Nueva Imagen de la Mujer en la Publicidad?" by Mariella Sala, in Mujer/Fempress, Latin American feminist monthly, Number 143, September 1993.) A new wave of commercials is surprising television watchers in Peru. Peruvians are...
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"Typical" Girls Paint Their Nails: "Clever" Girls Go into Science
Canada (From "Reconstructing Girlhood -- Putting 'Clever' Girls in Science," by Linda Mahood, in Canadian Women's Studies/Les Cahiers de la Femme, Canadian feminist quarterly, Volume 13, Number 2, Winter 1993. [C] Linda Mahood 1993.) Following the...
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Hard Working Women .... and Anxious Men
(From "Are Men Marginalised? . . . The Debate Continues," in Cafra News, quarterly newsletter of the Caribbean Association of Feminist Research and Action, Trinidad and Tobago, October-December 1993.) Within recent times there has been much talk about...
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Changing Society
(From "'Home School' Empowers Young Pakistani Girls," in Depthnews Women's Feature, The Philippines, February 1994.) Yasmin Shahid's friends belong to Lahore's educated, sophisticated circle, yet when she utters the word "condom" they are embarrassed....
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Resisting Fate
Nepal (From "Badi Girls Resist Prostitute's Fate," by Binod Bhattarai, in Depthnews Women's Feature, the Philippines, October 1993.) This dusty city bordering India has always been notorious for prostitution. The outbreak of AIDS in the brothels of...
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No Future for Families
Lebanon (From "Marriage on the Rocks in Lebanon," by Mounir B. Abboud, in Depthnews Women's Feature, The Philippines, September 1993.) All is not well with the Lebanese family. This is seen not only in the falling birth rate--which may not be a bad...
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Feminism Dis-Covered
Italy (Translated from "Come snidare la docente," by Franca Fossati, in Noi Donne, Italian feminist monthly, Year 48, Number 9, September 1993.) A feminist scholar is not necessarily a leftist political activist these days. But the politically active...
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A Lesbian Leftist Takes a Turn in Politics
Germany (Excerpted and translated from an interview with Christina Schenk by Marion Gerlind and Claudia Schaab exclusively for Connexions, June 1994.) Christina Schenk is a physicist, a leftist and the only out lesbian in the Bundestag. In 1989, after...
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The Gender Agenda
Russia (Translated from "Mit einem Sprung in die Duma," by Sonia Mikich, in Emma, German feminist monthly, March 1994.) I was met with scorn and mockery at my office when I proclaimed that I was going to write about the party "Women in Russia." "That...
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Womandla!
South Africa (From "Womandla! Power to women? At least the Women's Charter gives women a chance a fighting chance," by Rosalee Telela, in Speak, South African feminist monthly, No. 60, May 1994.) When the Women's National Coalition (WNC) was formed...
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Lena, Fabian and Max Have Two Mommies
Germany (Translated and excerpted from "Zwei Mutter und drei Kinder," by Chantal Louis in Emma, German feminist monthly, May/June 1994.) Next to the living room table stands a cardboard figure with a raincoat and hat on. "That's the man in our house,"...
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Mothers Start School
Mozambique (From "Center gets, keeps kids off the streets," by Ruth Ansah Ayisi, in Depthnews Women's Feature, The Philippines, March 1994.) Filomena and her friends used to scramble into the metal garbage cans along the bustling streets of Maputo,...
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No. 41, Winter

A New Language for the Environment: Canada
Canada We have been told that traditional development is about technological advancement and increased productivity. Meanwhile, women's issues and environmental issues struggle to be recognized as legitimate development concerns. For many years...
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Stiching Shoes and Confidence: Pakistan
(From "Village Women Stitch Shoes and Confidence," by Nyla Daud, a Depthnews Women's Feature, published in the Philippines, September, 1992.) Scissors snip continually at dangling threads. Fingers fly as they handle countless pieces of calf leather...
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Food under Her Feet: Dominica
Dominica (From "Agro-Processor: Natalie Charles Andrew," by Natalie Charles Andrew, CAFRA NEWS, Newsletter of the Caribbean Association for Feminist Research and Action, vol. 5, #4, Sept.-Dec. 1991.) Natalie Charles Andrew first became involved...
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Political Power Starts in the Kitchen: Japan
Japan (From "Japanese Revolt Against Bad Products," reprinted in the Utusan Konsumer, Malaysian consumer newspaper, Number 244, December 1991.) Michiko Suzuki lives with her husband and two children in a garden flat in Zushi, a southern suburb...
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Hot Coffee: India
India (From "Women Lighten Chores with Coffee Fuelwood," by Priya Darshini a Depthnews Women's Feature, published in the Philippines, September 1992.) Women workers carrying head-loads of wood for home fuel may soon become a rare sight in...
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A View from the South
(From "Case Studies: The Human Picture at the Micro Level," in Environment and Development: Grass Roots Women's Perspective, a publication of Development Alternatives with Women for a New Era (DAWN), Barbados, 1992.) DAWN is a network of Third World...
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The Burden of Development: Africa
Africa (Excerpted from "Social Costs of the Crisis: Education, Employment and Health," by Staneala Beckley in Echo, bilingual quarterly newsletter of the Association of African Women for Research and Development, No. 17/18, 2nd and 3rd terms,...
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Targets of Population Control: Latin America
Latin America (Translated and excerpted from "Introduccion," by Ana Maria Portugal in "Poblacion: Hablan las Mujeres," Especial Mujer/Fempress, Latin American feminist periodical, Chile, 1993.) Global food and population policies over the...
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Clean Rivers and Trash Mountains: Philippines
(From "A Renewal of Life," by Margarita S. Perez in Defending Our Future, published by GABRIELA, a Filipino women's coalition, for the 1992 Earth Summit.) The trash crisis in metro Manila, best exemplified by Smoky Mountain, is one of the most tremendous...
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The Politics of Sustainable Development: Japan
Japan (Excerpted from "Money Won't Save the Earth: The Politics of 'Sustainable Development,'" by Kitazawa Yoko in Ampo, Japan-Asia Quarterly Review, Volume 23, Number 3, 1992.) Kitazawa Yoko is a founder of the organization People to People...
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The Treasure of the Sierra Madre: Mexico
Mexico (Translated from "Contra las Invasiones del '92," by Berta Hiriart in Mujer/Fempress, Latin American feminist monthly, Number 123, January, 1992.) Coming from a diverse group of activists (leftists, environmentalists and feminists),...
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Back to the Future: Philippines
Philippines (From "Igorot Women Conserve Land," in Igorota, magazine published by the Igorota Foundation, Baguio City, The Philippines, Vol. VI, No. 1, 1992.) Igorot women had practiced century-old methods of land conservation long before...
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All Choked Up: Germany
Germany (Translated from "In Fahrt," by Ursula Ott, in Emma German feminist monthly, Number 2, February 1992.) These days Emma is much quoted and attacked in the German press. What did we do wrong? Did we plead for the maintenance of the [restrictive...
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Going against the Goliath: Philippines
Philippines (From "Going Against a Goliath," by Nora O. Gamolo, in Defending our Future, a publication of GABRIELA, a Filipino women's coalition, for the 1992 Earth Summit.) Up north in Itogon, Benguet, small miners and their families are...
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The Roots of a Movement: India
(Excerpted from "A Hug for the Himalayas," by Sakuntala Narasimhan, in Deccan Herald, India, Dec. 13, 1992, India.) Along the horizon, the Himalayan range rises in glistening tiers of mist-girdled grandeur, and in the center lies an undulating valley,...
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The Right Tools for the Job: Fiji
Fiji (Excerpted from "If It's Not Appropriate for Women, It's Not Appropriate," submitted by Ruth E. Lechte of the World YWCA Energy and Environment/Appropriate Technology Programme, Fiji, December, 1992.) In September, 1989, the Energy and...
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Taiwanizing a Continent: Venezuela
Venezuela (Translated from "Venezuela en la Mira de las Empresas Maquiladoras," by Helena Salcedo in Mujer/Fempress, Latin American feminist monthly, Number 112/113, February--March 1991.) "The maquila [a transnational industry operating in...
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One Big Free Trade Zone: Canada
Canada (From "NAFTA: Extending the Damage," by Maude Barlow, in The Womanist, Canadian feminist periodical, Volume 3, Number 2, Fall, 1992.) As Canadians have been agonizing in a very public way about the nature of our constitutional future,...
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Special Report: Women and the Peace Process
El Salvador (From interviews conducted and edited by Betsy Morgan and Laura Jackson. Serena Cosgrove served as translator and consultant in El Salvador. Submitted to Connexions in January 1993.) On January 16, 1992, Peace Accords were signed...
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Trees for Life
(Excerpted from "National Development Plans Still Ignoring Peasant Women," by Cassandra Balchin, a Depthnews Women's Feature, published in the Philippines, June 1992.) Water and fuelwood. These are needs which peasant women face daily, and whose...
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