The Journal of Southern History

TheJournal of Southern History is a quarterly journal owned and published by The Southern Historical Association. It has been in publication since 1935, and its editorial headquarters are in Houston, Texas. TheJournalof Southern History focuses on southern history, broadly interpreted. Issues contain scholarly articles, historical notes, book reviews and news of historical interest. Contributors to the journal include almost everyone who is doing or has done significant work in the field of southern history. All members of The Southern Historical Association are recipients of the journal as are others interested in the study of the South. The journal's region is the United States.TheJournal of Southern History has included articles on such topics as "Opposition to Polygamy in the Postbellum South" (November 2010), "African American Farmers and Civil Rights" (November 2007), "A Region in Harmony: Southern Music and the Sound Track of Freedom" (November 2006) and "The Second Slavery: Modernity in the Nineteenth-Century Sough and the Atlantic World" (August 2009). Randal L. Hall is the Managing Editor. John B. Boles is the Editor, Bethany L. Johnson is the Associate Editor and Allison N. Madar is a Visiting Assistant Editor.

Articles from Vol. 67, No. 3, August

Abraham Lincoln: Redeemer President
Abraham Lincoln: Redeemer President. By Allen C. Guelzo. (Grand Rapids, Mich., and Cambridge, U.K.: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, c. 1999. Pp. xii, 516. $29.00, ISBN 0-8028-3872-3.) Is there really a place for yet another work on Abraham...
A Concise Natural History of East and West Florida
A Concise Natural History of East and West Florida. By Bernard Romans. Edited and with an introduction by Kathryn E. Holland Braund. (Tuscaloosa and London: University of Alabama Press, c. 1999. Pp. xiv, 442. $44.95, ISBN 0-8173-0876-8.) Kathryn...
Africa and the Blues
Africa and the Blues. By Gerhard Kubik. (Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, c. 1999. Pp. xx, 240. Paper, $18.00, ISBN 1-57806-146-6; cloth, $45.00, ISBN 1-57806-145-8.) Conceding that the blues as a musical form is an "African-American tradition"...
A Genealogy of Dissent: Southern Baptist Protest in the Twentieth Century
A Genealogy of Dissent: Southern Baptist Protest in the Twentieth Century. By David Stricklin. Religion in the South. (Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, c. 1999. Pp. xviii, 229. $36.00, ISBN 0-8131-2093-4.) This book appears at an important...
Announcements and Activities
The Appalachian Studies Association will hold its twenty-fifth annual conference on March 15-17, 2002, at Unicoi State Park in the mountains of north Georgia. The theme of the conference will be "Voices from the Margins--Living on the Fringe," in which...
Antislavery Violence: Sectional, Racial, and Cultural Conflict in Antebellum America
Antislavery Violence: Sectional, Racial, and Cultural Conflict in Antebellum America. Edited by John R. McKivigan and Stanley Harrold. (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, c. 1999. Pp. [x], 322. $30.00, ISBN 1-57233-059-7.) The essays collected...
A Sense of Place: Birmingham's Black Middle-Class Community, 1890-1930
A Sense of Place: Birmingham's Black Middle- Class Community, 1890-1930. By Lynne B. Feldman. (Tuscaloosa and London: University of Alabama Press, c. 1999. Pp. xvi, 326. Paper, $24.95, ISBN 0-8173-0969-1; cloth, $49.95, ISBN 0-8173-0967-5.) In his...
A Wheel within a Wheel: Southern Methodism and the Georgia Holiness Association
A Wheel Within a Wheel: Southern Methodism and the Georgia Holiness Association. By Briane K. Turley. (Macon, Ga.: Mercer University Press, c. 1999. Pp. viii, 226. $35.00, ISBN 0-86554-633-9.) Although Briane K. Turley's subject matter appears narrow,...
Bridging Two Eras: The Autobiography of Emily Newell Blair 1877-1951
Bridging Two Eras: The Autobiography of Emily Newell Blair, 1877-1951. Edited by Virginia Jeans Laas. (Columbia and London: University of Missouri Press, c. 1999. Pp. xxiv, 382. $29.95, ISBN 0-8262-1254-9.) Emily Newell Blair, introduced by Susan...
Charlotte Hawkins Brown and Palmer Memorial Institute: What One Young African American Woman Could Do
Charlotte Hawkins Brown and Palmer Memorial Institute: What One Young African American Woman Could Do. By Charles W. Wadelington and Richard F. Knapp. (Chapel Hill and London: University of North Carolina Press, c. 1999. Pp. xvi, 303. Paper, $16.95,...
Civil War Macon: The History of a Confederate City
Civil War Macon: The History of a Confederate City. By Richard W. Iobst. (Macon, Ga.: Mercer University Press, c. 1999. Pp. xiv, 462. $35.00, ISBN 0-86554-634-7.) The state of Georgia provided its share of troops for the Confederate war effort,...
Communists on Campus: Race, Politics, and the Public University in Sixties North Carolina
Communists on Campus: Race, Politics, and the Public University in Sixties North Carolina. By William J. Billingsley. (Athens, Ga., and London: University of Georgia Press, c. 1999. Pp. xviii, 308. $29.95, ISBN 0-82032109-5.) In the waning moments...
Creeker: A Woman's Journey
Creeker: A Woman's Journey. By Linda Scott DeRosier. Women in Southern Culture. (Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, c. 1999. Pp. xviii, 228. $27.50, ISBN 0-8131-2123-X.) Linda Sue (Lee) Preston Scott DeRosier's honest, penetrating, and colorful...
Delta Sugar: Louisiana's Vanishing Plantation Landscape
Delta Sugar: Louisiana's Vanishing Plantation Landscape. By John B. Rehder. Creating the North American Landscape. (Baltimore, Md., and London: Johns Hopkins University Press, c. 1999. Pp. xvi, 355. $45.00, ISBN 0-8018-6131-4.) South Louisiana's...
Disowning Slavery: Gradual Emancipation and "Race" in New England, 1780-1860
Disowning Slavery: Gradual Emancipation and "Race" in New England, 1780-1860. By Joanne Pope Melish. (Ithaca, N.Y., and London: Cornell University Press, c. 1998. Pp. xx, 296. $35.00, ISBN 0-8014-3413-0.) In this ambitious and often compelling study,...
Don Carlos Buell: Most Promising of All
Don Carlos Buell: Most Promising of All. By Stephen D. Engle. Civil War America. (Chapel Hill and London: University of North Carolina Press, c. 1999. Pp. xx, 476. $45.00, ISBN 0-8078-2512-3.) Stephen D. Engle's Don Carlos Buell: Most Promising...
Edgar Allan Poe and the Masses: The Political Economy of Literature in Antebellum America
Edgar Allan Poe and the Masses: The Political Economy of Literature in Antebellum America. By Terence Whalen. (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, c. 1999. Pp. xii, 328. $55.00, ISBN 0-691-00199-5.) Terence Whalen's impressive Edgar Allan...
First Books: The Printed Word and Cultural Formation in Early Alabama
First Books: The Printed Word and Cultural Formation in Early Alabama. By Philip D. Beidler. (Tuscaloosa and London: University of Alabama Press, c. 1999. Pp. xii, 185. $34.95, ISBN 0-8173-0985-3.) Philip D. Beidler's First Books is a case study...
Forgotten Texas Leader: Hugh McLeod and the Texan Santa Fe Expedition
Forgotten Texas Leader: Hugh McLeod and the Texan Santa Fe Expedition. By Paul N. Spellman. (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, c. 1999. Pp. xii, 235. $24.95, ISBN 0-89096-869-9.) Paul N. Spellman wishes to rescue Hugh McLeod from...
Forgotten Valor: The Memoirs, Journals, and Civil War Letters of Orlando B. Willcox
Forgotten Valor: The Memoirs, Journals, and Civil War Letters of Orlando B. Willcox. Edited by Robert Garth Scott. (Kent, Ohio, and London. Kent State University Press, c. 1999. Pp. xxxii, 720. $49.00, ISBN 0-87338-628-0.) Forgotten Valor is a whale...
Fort Macon: A History
Fort Macon: A History. By Paul Branch. (Charleston, S.C.: Nautical & Aviation Publishing Company of America, c. 1999. Pp. xvi, 292. $29.95, ISBN 1-877853-45-3.) Tucked in among the sand dunes and sea oats on one of North Carolina's barrier islands,...
Founding Friendship: George Washington, James Madison, and the Creation of the American Republic
Founding Friendship: George Washington, James Madison, and the Creation of the American Republic. By Stuart Leibiger. (Charlottesville and London: University Press of Virginia, c. 1999. Pp. xii, 284. $35.00, ISBN 0-81391882-0.) Long ago and far...
Free Labor in an Unfree World: White Artisans in Slaveholding Georgia, 1789-1860
Free Labor in an Unfree World: White Artisans in Slaveholding Georgia, 1789-1860. By Michele Gillespie. (Athens, Ga., and London: University of Georgia Press, c. 2000. Pp. xxiv, 236. $40.00, ISBN 0-8203-1968-6.) In the most popular fictional account...
Frontier Swashbuckler: The Life and Legend of John Smith T
Frontier Swashbuckler: The Life and Legend of John Smith T. By Dick Steward. Missouri Biography Series. (Columbia and London: University of Missouri Press, c. 2000. Pp. xii, 264. $34.95, ISBN 0-8262-1248-4.) Frontier Swashbuckler serves notice that...
He Shall Go out Free: The Lives of Denmark Vesey
He Shall Go Out Free: The Lives of Denmark Vesey. By Douglas R. Egerton. American Profiles. (Madison, Wis.: Madison House, 1999. Pp. xxiv, 248. $34.95, ISBN 0-945612-67-2.) A generation ago there was a fair amount of historical interest in Denmark...
Hitler's Soldiers in the Sunshine State: German POWs in Florida
Hitler's Soldiers in the Sunshine State: German POWs in Florida. By Robert D. Billinger Jr. The Florida History and Culture Series. (Gainesville and other cities: University Press of Florida, c. 2000. Pp. xx, 262. $24.95, ISBN 0-8130-1740-8.) It...
Horse Sweat and Powder Smoke: The First Texas Cavalry in the Civil War
Horse Sweat and Powder Smoke: The First Texas Cavalry in the Civil War. By Stanley S. McGowen. Military History Series, No. 66. (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, c. 1999. Pp. xvi, 229. $29.95, ISBN 0-89096-903-5.) Unit histories...
Idella Parker: From Reddick to Cross Creek
Idella Parker: From Reddick to Cross Creek. By Idella Parker with Bud and Liz Crussell. (Gainesville and other cities: University Press of Florida, c. 1999. Pp. xvi, 213. $19.95, ISBN 0-8130-1706-8.) Idella Parker's account of her early years reveals...
"I, Too, Am America": Archaeological Studies of African-American Life
"I, Too, Am America": Archaeological Studies of African-American Life. Edited by Theresa A. Singleton. (Charlottesville and London: University Press of Virginia, c. 1999. Pp. xiv, 368. Paper, $19.50, ISBN 0-8139-1843-X; cloth, $59.50, ISBN 0-8139-1842-1.)...
Knight without Armor: Carlos Eduardo Castaneda, 1896-1958
Knight Without Armor: Carlos Eduardo Castaneda, 1896-1958. By Felix D. Almaraz Jr. (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, c. 1999. Pp. xxii, 430. $39.95, ISBN 0-89096-890-X.) Felix Almaraz's erudite biography of Carlos Eduardo Castaneda,...
Leading the Race: The Transformation of the Black Elite in the Nation's Capital, 1880-1920
Leading the Race: The Transformation of the Black Elite in the Nation's Capital, 1880-1920. By Jacqueline M. Moore. (Charlottesville and London: University Press of Virginia, c. 1999. Pp. x, 257. $37.50, ISBN 0-8139-1903-7.) During and immediately...
Lincoln: A Foreigner's Quest
Lincoln: A Foreigner's Quest. By Jan Morris. (New York and other cities: Simon and Schuster, c. 2000. Pp. 205. $23.00, ISBN 0-684-855515-1.) Jan Morris is the latest in a long line of British commentators on Lincoln's achievements and reputation....
Mountain Partisans: Guerrilla Warfare in the Southern Appalachians, 1861-1865
Mountain Partisans: Guerrilla Warfare in the Southern Appalachians, 1861-1865. By Sean Michael O'Brien. (Westport, Conn., and London: Praeger, c. 1999. Pp. xxiv, 221. $35.00, ISBN 0-275-96430-2.) Irregular warfare in the southern mountains is an...
Mountain Rebels: East Tennessee Confederates and the Civil War, 1860-1870
Mountain Rebels: East Tennessee Confederates and the Civil War, 1860-1870. By W. Todd Groce. (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, c. 1999. Pp. xviii, 218. $28.00, ISBN 1-57233-057-0.) Most scholarly attention to East Tennessee during the 1860s...
Native Americans and the Early Republic
Native Americans and the Early Republic. Edited by Frederick E. Hoxie, Ronald Hoffman, and Peter J. Albert. Perspectives on the American Revolution. (Charlottesville and London: Published by the University Press of Virginia for the United States Capitol...
Natural History Investigations in South Carolina from Colonial Times to Present
Natural History Investigations in South Carolina from Colonial Times to Present. By Albert E. Sanders and William D. Anderson Jr. (Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, c. 1999. Pp. xl, 333. $45.00, ISBN 1-57003-278-5.) The authors of this...
Neptune's Militia: The Frigate South Carolina during the American Revolution
Neptune's Militia: The Frigate South Carolina During the American Revolution. By James A. Lewis. (Kent, Ohio, and London: Kent State University Press, c. 1999. Pp. x, 235. $39.00, ISBN 0-87338-632-9.) For years, readers of naval histories and biographies...
No Spark of Malice: The Murder of Martin Begnaud
No Spark of Malice: The Murder of Martin Begnaud. By William Arceneaux. (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, c. 1999. Pp. xiv, 349. $34.95, ISBN 0-8071-2447-8.) In 1896 Martin Begnaud, the congenial owner of a general store in Scott Station,...
One War at a Time: The International Dimensions of the American Civil War
One War at a Time: The International Dimensions of the American Civil War. By Dean B. Mahin. (Washington, D.C.: Brassey's, c. 1999. Pp. x, 343. $27.95, ISBN 1-57488-209-0.) Dean B. Mahin, who has an undergraduate major in history, a graduate degree...
Personnel
University of Alabama: Lawrence A. Clayton, professor, named chairman of the department of history; Scott P. O'Bryan and Paul M. Hagenloh appointed assistant professor; Maarten Ultee, David T. Beito, Michael J. Mendle, and Gregory M. Dorr will be on...
Politics, Society, and the Klan in Alabama, 1915-1949
Politics, Society, and the Klan in Alabama, 1915-1949. By Glenn Feldman. (Tuscaloosa and London: University of Alabama Press, c. 1999. Pp. xiv, 457. Paper, $19.95, ISBN 0-8173-0984-5; cloth, $49.95, ISBN 0-81730983-7.) Over the last two decades...
Power versus Liberty: Madison, Hamilton, Wilson, and Jefferson
Power versus Liberty: Madison, Hamilton, Wilson, and Jefferson. By James H. Read. (Charlottesville and London: University Press of Virginia, c. 2000. Pp. xiv, 201. Paper, $16.50, ISBN 0-8139-1912-6; cloth, $47.50, ISBN 0-8139-1911-8.) Historians...
Remembering Mary, Shaping Revolt: Reconsidering the Stono Rebellion
ON SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 1739, SIXTY-ODD SOUTH CAROLINA SLAVES took up arms and revolted, killing, as one terrified contemporary styled it, "twenty-three Whites after the most cruel and barbarous Manner."(1) While there is no direct testimony regarding...
Roots of Reform: Farmers, Workers, and the American State, 1877-1917
Roots of Reform: Farmers, Workers, and the American State, 1877-1917. By Elizabeth Sanders. American Politics and Political Economy. (Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, c. 1999. Pp. x, 532. Paper, $16.00, ISBN 0-226-73477-3; cloth, $48.00,...
Sally Hemings and Thomas Jefferson: History, Memory, and Civic Culture
Sally Hemings and Thomas Jefferson: History, Memory, and Civic Culture. Edited by Jan Ellen Lewis and Peter S. Onuf. Jeffersonian America. (Charlottesville and London: University Press of Virginia, c. 1999. Pp. xii, 280. Paper, $17.95, ISBN 0-8139-1919-3;...
Searching for the Bright Path: The Mississippi Choctaws from Prehistory to Removal
Searching for the Bright Path: The Mississippi Choctaws from Prehistory to Removal. By James Taylor Carson. Indians of the Southeast. (Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press, c. 1999. Pp. xvi, 183. $40.00, ISBN 0-8032-1503-7.) Searching...
Soul by Soul: Life Inside the Antebellum Slave Market
Soul by Soul: Life Inside the Antebellum Slave Market. By Walter Johnson. (Cambridge, Mass., and London: Harvard University Press, 1999. Pp. [xii], 283. $26.00, ISBN 0-674-82148-3.) An 1854 Louisiana business census listed nineteen New Orleans slave...
Southern Folk Medicine, 1750-1820
Southern Folk Medicine, 1750-1820. By Kay K. Moss. (Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, c. 1999. Pp. xviii, 259. $29.95, ISBN 1-57003-289-0) Kay K. Moss has provided an interesting compendium of remedies and cures used in the American...
Southern Rights: Political Prisoners and the Myth of Confederate Constitutionalism
Southern Rights: Political Prisoners and the Myth of Confederate Constitutionalism. By Mark E. Neely Jr. A Nation Divided: New Studies in Civil War History. (Charlottesville and London: University Press of Virginia, c. 1999. Pp. viii, 212. $35.00,...
Spaniards, Planters, and Slaves: The Spanish Regulation of Slavery in Louisiana, 1763-1803
Spaniards, Planters, and Slaves: The Spanish Regulation of Slavery in Louisiana, 1763-1803. By Gilbert C. Din. (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, c. 1999. Pp. xiv, 356. $49.95, ISBN 0-89096-904-3.) Historians in recent years have...
Tampa before the Civil War
Tampa Before the Civil War. By Canter Brown Jr. Tampa Bay History Center Reference Library Series, No. 8. (Tampa, Fla: University of Tampa Press, 1999. Pp. [x], 197. $25.00, ISBN 1-879852-64-0.) Canter Brown Jr., currently based at the Tampa Bay...
The Association
The sixty-seventh meeting of the Southern Historical Association will be held on Friday through Monday, November 16-19, 2001, in New Orleans, Louisiana, with the Fairmont Hotel serving as the headquarters hotel. The Program and Local Arrangements Committees...
The Churches of Christ in the Twentieth Century: Homer Hailey's Personal Journey of Faith
The Churches of Christ in the Twentieth Century: Homer Halley's Personal Journey of Faith. By David Edwin Harrell Jr. Religion and American Culture. (Tuscaloosa and London. University of Alabama Press, c. 2000. Pp. xx, 472. $34.95, ISBN 0-8173-1008-8.)...
The Class of 1861: Custer, Ames, and Their Classmates after West Point
The Class of 1861: Custer, Ames, and Their Classmates After West Point. By Ralph Kirshner. With a foreword by George A. Plimpton. (Carbondale and Edwardsville: Southern Illinois University Press, c. 1999. Pp. xx, 224. $34.95, ISBN 0-8093-2066-5.) ...
The Contested Image of Nathan Bedford Forrest
OVER ONE HUNDRED AND THIRTY YEARS AFTER HIS DEATH, CONFEDERATE general Nathan Bedford Forrest continues to haunt America. The general's exploits in the Civil War and his attitude towards African Americans throughout his life have combined to form a...
The Gullah People and Their African Heritage
The Gullah People and Their African Heritage. By William S. Pollitzer. (Athens, Ga., and London: University of Georgia Press, c. 1999. Pp. xxiv, 298, $40.00, ISBN 0-8203-2054-4.) In this book William Pollitzer presents a landmark study of South...
The la Salle Expedition to Texas: The Journal of Henri Joutel, 1684-1687
The La Salle Expedition to Texas: The Journal of Henri Joutel, 1684-1687. Edited and with an Introduction by William C. Foster. Translated by Johanna S. Warren. (Austin: Texas State Historical Association, c. 1998. Pp. x, 350. $39.95, ISBN 0-87611-165-7.)...
The Memoirs of Brigadier General William Passmore Carlin
The Memoirs of Brigadier General William Passmore Carlin, U.S.A. Edited by Robert I. Girardi and Nathaniel Cheairs Hughes Jr. (Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press, c. 1999. Pp. xiv, 321. $50.00, ISBN 0-8032-1494-4.) William Carlin,...
The Narrative Forms of Southern Community
The Narrative Forms of Southern Community. By Scott Romine. Southern Literary Studies. (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, c. 1999. Pp. [xiv], 226. Paper, $24.95, ISBN 0-8071-2527-X; cloth, $49.95, ISBN 0-8071-2401-X.) Community and...
The New South Creed and the Limits of Radicalism: Augusta, Georgia, before the 1890s
IDEA OF A "NEW SOUTH" WAS PERHAPS THE PREEMINENT INTELLECTUAL innovation of the post-Civil War era. The eastern states of the former Confederacy, and particularly Georgia, were home to numerous apostles of this vision, none more vociferous and aggressive...
The Papers of John C. Calhoun. Volume XXV: 1847-1848
The Papers of John C. Calhoun. Volume XXV: 1847-1848. Edited by Clyde N. Wilson and Shirley Bright Cook. (Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1999. Pp. xx, 715. $59.95, ISBN 1-57003-306-4.) John C. Calhoun became increasingly concerned...
The Papers of John Marshall. Volume X: Correspondence, Papers, and Selected Judicial Opinions, January 1824-March 1827
The Papers of John Marshall. Volume X: Correspondence, Papers, and Selected Judicial Opinions, January 1824-March 1827. Edited by Charles F. Hobson, Susan Holbrook Perdue, and Robert W. Smith. (Chapel Hill: Printed by the University of North Carolina...
The Social and Cultural Dynamics of Soldiering in Hood's Texas Brigade
JUST BEFORE THE START OF THE BLOODY PENINSULA CAMPAIGN OF JUNE 1862, the soldiers of the Fourth Texas Infantry Regiment purchased a horse for General John Bell Hood, commander of what came to be known as Hood's Texas Brigade. Later, as the regiment...
"To Live and Die in Dixie": How the South Formed a Nation
"To Live and Die in Dixie": How the South Formed a Nation. Edited by Archie P. McDonald. Journal of Confederate History Book Series, Vol. XX. (Murfreesboro, Tenn.: Southern Heritage Press, c. 1999. Pp. [xiv], 173. Paper, $16.95, ISBN 1-889332-23-2.)...
Under the Southern Cross: Soldier Life with Gordon Bradwell and the Army of Northern Virginia
Under the Southern Cross: Soldier Life with Gordon Bradwell and the Army of Northern Virginia. Compiled and edited by Pharris Deloach Johnson. (Macon, Ga.: Mercer University Press, c. 1999. Pp. [xliv], 271. $32.95, ISBN 0-86554-667-3.) Hundreds...
Voices in the Storm: Confederate Rhetoric, 1861-1865
Voices in the Storm: Confederate Rhetoric, 1861-1865. By Karen E. Fritz. (Denton: University of North Texas Press, c. 1999. Pp. xvi, 173. $26.95, ISBN 1-57441-077-6.) This book poses large and important questions about the ways in which Confederate...
William Bartram and the American Revolution on the Southern Frontier
William Bartram and the American Revolution on the Southern Frontier. By Edward J. Cashin. (Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, c. 2000. Pp. xvi, 319. $39.95, ISBN 1-57003-325-0.) Edward J. Cashin has written a fascinating narrative account...