The Journal of Southern History

TheJournal of Southern History is a quarterly journal owned and published by The Southern Historical Association. It has been in publication since 1935, and its editorial headquarters are in Houston, Texas. TheJournalof Southern History focuses on southern history, broadly interpreted. Issues contain scholarly articles, historical notes, book reviews and news of historical interest. Contributors to the journal include almost everyone who is doing or has done significant work in the field of southern history. All members of The Southern Historical Association are recipients of the journal as are others interested in the study of the South. The journal's region is the United States.TheJournal of Southern History has included articles on such topics as "Opposition to Polygamy in the Postbellum South" (November 2010), "African American Farmers and Civil Rights" (November 2007), "A Region in Harmony: Southern Music and the Sound Track of Freedom" (November 2006) and "The Second Slavery: Modernity in the Nineteenth-Century Sough and the Atlantic World" (August 2009). Randal L. Hall is the Managing Editor. John B. Boles is the Editor, Bethany L. Johnson is the Associate Editor and Allison N. Madar is a Visiting Assistant Editor.

Articles from Vol. 67, No. 2, May

Abraham Lincoln and a New Birth of Freedom: The Union and Slavery in the Diplomacy of the Civil War
Abraham Lincoln and a New Birth of Freedom: The Union and Slavery in the Diplomacy of the Civil War. By Howard Jones. (Lincoln, Neb., and London: University of Nebraska Press, c. 1999. Pp. xiv, 236. $29.95, ISBN 0-8032-2582-2.) Abraham Lincoln and...
A Family of Women: The Carolina Petigrus in Peace and War
A Family of Women: The Carolina Petigrus in Peace and War. By Jane H. Pease and William H. Pease. (Chapel Hill and London: University of North Carolina Press, c. 1999. Pp. xviii, 328. $29.95, ISBN 0-8078-2505-0.) This well-written study of the Petrigrus...
An Environmental History of Northeast Florida
An Environmental History of Northeast Florida. By James J. Miller. (Gainesville and other cities: University Press of Florida, c. 1998. Pp. xvi, 223. $49.95, ISBN 0-8130-1600-2.) The scope of environmental history often appears daunting to other...
Annual Report of the Secretary-Treasurer
THE YEAR 2000 WILL STAND AS A LANDMARK DATE FOR THE SOUTHERN Historical Association as the result of significant monetary contributions from two of our distinguished members. When he died on December 17, 1999, C. Vann Woodward left a substantial part...
Apostles of Rock: The Splintered World of Contemporary Christian Music
Apostles of Rock: The Splintered World of Contemporary Christian Music. By Jay R. Howard and John M. Streck. (Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, c. 1999. Pp. viii, 299. $29.95, ISBN 0-8131-2105-1.) Contemporary Christian music (CCM) is a business...
Becoming Baptists: Conversion in Colonial and Early National Virginia
BETWEEN 1755 AND 1790 VIRGINIANS PARTICIPATED IN A SERIES OF religious revivals that were crucial in rooting the Baptist Church in the South. Historians have long sought to explain the appeal of Baptist practice and faith to those who first embraced...
Before His Time: The Untold Story of Harry T. Moore, America's First Civil Rights Martyr
Before His Time: The Untold Story of Harry T. Moore, America's First Civil Rights Martyr. By Ben Green. (New York: The Free Press, c. 1999. Pp. viii, 310. $25.00, ISBN 0-684-85453-8.) From his home just a few miles from today's Kennedy Space Center,...
Behind the Burnt Cork Mask: Early Blackface Minstrelsy and Antebellum American Popular Culture
Behind the Burnt Cork Mask: Early Blackface Minstrelsy and Antebellum American Popular Culture. By William J. Mahar. (Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, c. 1999. Pp. xxii, 444. Paper, $24.95, ISBN 0-252-06696-0; cloth, $60.00, ISBN 0-252-02396-X.)...
Bernice Kelly Harris: A Good Life Was Writing
Bernice Kelly Harris: A Good Life Was Writing. By Valerie Raleigh Yow. (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, c. 1999. Pp. xxii, 334. $39.95, ISBN 0-8071-2348-X.) Bernice Kelly was born in 1891 or 1894 (the text of this biography relies...
Bitters in the Honey: Tales of Hope and Disappointment across Divides of Race and Time
Bitters in the Honey: Tales of Hope and Disappointment Across Divides of Race and Time. By Beth Roy. (Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 1999. Pp. viii, 400. Paper, $20.00, ISBN 1-55728-554-3; cloth, $32.00, ISBN 1-55728-553-5.) What went...
Black Movements in America
Black Movements in America. By Cedric J. Robinson. (New York and London: Routledge, c. 1997. Pp. ii, 179. Paper, $16.99, ISBN 0-415-91222-9.) Is it possible to cover the four-hundred-year history of African Americans in the New World, to recount...
Blue and Gray in Black and White: Newspapers in the Civil War
Blue and Gray in Black and White: Newspapers in the Civil War. By Brayton Harris. (Washington, D.C., and London: Brassey's, c. 1999. Pp. xii, 365. $29.95, ISBN 1-57488-165-5.) In addition to being the most important source of information for Americans...
Concealed Weapon Laws of the Early Republic: Dueling, Southern Violence, and Moral Reform
Concealed Weapon Laws of the Early Republic: Dueling, Southern Violence, and Moral Reform. By Clayton E. Cramer. (Westport, Conn., and London: Praeger, 1999. Pp. x, 180. $55.00, ISBN 0-275-96615-1.) Why did the slave states take an early lead in...
Confederate Admiral: The Life and Wars of Franklin Buchanan
Confederate Admiral: The Life and Wars of Franklin Buchanan. By Craig L. Symonds. Library of Naval Biography. (Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, c. 1999. Pp. xviii, 274. $32.95, ISBN 1-55750-844-5.) Franklin Buchanan joined the U.S. Navy at...
Confederate Home Front: Montgomery during the Civil War
Confederate Home Front: Montgomery During the Civil War. By William Warren Rogers Jr. (Tuscaloosa and London: University of Alabama Press, c. 1999. Pp. xiv, 209. $29.95, ISBN 0-8173-0962-4.) Historians, it seems, cannot leave the Confederacy alone....
Contempt of Court: The Turn-of-the-Century Lynching That Launched 100 Years of Federalism
Contempt of Court: The Turn-of-the-Century Lynching that Launched 100 Years of Federalism. By Mark Curriden and Leroy Phillips Jr. (New York: Faber and Faber, c. 1999. Pp. xviii, 394. $30.00, ISBN 0-571-19952-6.) Near midnight on March 19, 1906,...
Creating the South Carolina State House
Creating the South Carolina State House. By John M. Bryan. (Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, c. 1999. Pp. xviii, 203. $39.95, ISBN 1-57003-291-2.) The renovation of South Carolina's State House in Columbia between 1995 and 1998 provided...
Debating Slavery: Economy and Society in the Antebellum American South
Debating Slavery: Economy and Society in the Antebellum American South. By Mark M. Smith. New Studies in Economic and Social History. (New York, Cambridge, Eng., and Melbourne: Cambridge University Press, c. 1998. Pp. xii, 123. Paper, $11.95, ISBN...
Denmark Vesey
Denmark Vesey. By David Robertson. (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1999. Pp. x, 202. $23.00, ISBN 0-679-44288-X.) David Robertson observes that the details of Denmark Vesey's life, of the lives of his companions, and of the conspiracy they organized...
Domesticating Slavery: The Master Class in Georgia and South Carolina, 1670-1837
Domesticating Slavery: The Master Class in Georgia and South Carolina, 1670-1837. By Jeffrey Robert Young. (Chapel Hill and London: University of North Carolina Press, c. 1999. Pp. xiv, 336. Paper, $18.95, ISBN 0-8078-4776-3; cloth, $49.95, ISBN 0-89782-499.)...
Duty Faithfully Performed: Robert E. Lee and His Critics
Duty Faithfully Performed: Robert E. Lee and His Critics. By John M. Taylor. Foreword by Rod Paschall. (Dulles, Va.: Brassey's, c. 1999. Pp. xvi, 268. $27.95, ISBN 1-57488-158-2.) John M. Taylor has written about William H. Seward, Raphael Semmes,...
George Washington Grayson and the Creek Nation, 1843-1920
George Washington Grayson and the Creek Nation, 1843-1920. By Mary Jane Warde. (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, c. 1999. Pp. xviii, 334. $29.95, ISBN 0-8061-3160-8.) From early manhood through a long life of service to his people in the Creek...
Gray Ghost: The Life of Col. John Singleton Mosby
Gray Ghost: The Life of Col. John Singleton Mosby. By James A. Ramage. (Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, c. 1999. Pp. [viii], 428. $30.00, ISBN 0-8131-2135-3). James A. Ramage, the author of Rebel Raider: The Life of General John Hunt Morgan...
Guerillas, Unionists, and Violence on the Confederate Home Front
Guerillas, Unionists, and Violence on the Confederate Home Front. Edited by Daniel Sutherland. (Fayetteville: The University of Arkansas Press, 1999. Pp. viii, 250. Paper, $20.00, ISBN 1-55728-550-0; cloth, $32.00, ISBN 1-55728-549-7.) Editor Daniel...
Historical News and Notices
THE ASSOCIATION Nominations for 2001: The 2000 Nominating Committee, consisting of Linda Reed of the University of Houston, chair; Vernon O. Burton of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Raymond Gavins of Duke University, Glenda E. Gilmore...
Historic American Towns along the Atlantic Coast
Historic American Towns along the Atlantic Coast. By Warren Boeschenstein. (Baltimore and London: Published by The Johns Hopkins University Press in cooperation with the Center for American Places, Santa Fe, N.M., and Harrisonburg, Va., c. 1999. Pp....
Hurrah for Hampton! Black Red Shirts in South Carolina during Reconstruction
Hurrah for Hampton! Black Red Shirts in South Carolina during Reconstruction. By Edmund L. Drago. (Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 1998. Pp. xviii, 158. $32.00, ISBN 1-55728-541-1.) Lee Drago's Hurrah for Hampton! complicates our understanding...
In Darkness with God: The Life of Joseph Gomez, A Bishop in the African Methodist Episcopal Church
In Darkness with God: The Life of Joseph Gomez, A Bishop in the African Methodist Episcopal Church. By Annetta Louise Gomez-Jefferson. (Kent, Oh., and London: Kent State University Press, c. 1998. Pp. xvi, 439. $45.00, ISBN 0-87338-607-8.) Annetta...
Jefferson and the Indians: The Tragic Fate of the First Americans
Jefferson and the Indians: The Tragic Fate of the First Americans. By Anthony F. C. Wallace. (Cambridge, Mass., and London: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1999. Pp. xvi, 394. $29.95, ISBN 0-67400066-8.) In Jefferson and the Indians,...
John Quincy Adams
John Quincy Adams. By Lynn Hudson Parsons. American Profiles. (Madison, Wis.: Madison House, 1998. Pp. xviii, 284. $29.95, ISBN 0-945612-54-0.) John Quincy Adams seldom fares well in the rankings of U.S. presidents frequently compiled by historians....
John Quincy Adams: A Public Life, A Private Life
John Quincy Adams: A Public Life, A Private Life. By Paul C. Nagel. (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1997. Pp. xii, 432. $30.00, ISBN 0-679-40444-9.) John Quincy Adams seldom fares well in the rankings of U.S. presidents frequently compiled by historians....
Light and Air: The Photography of Bayard Wootten
Light and Air: The Photography of Bayard Wootten. By Jerry W. Cotten. (Chapel Hill and London: University of North Carolina Press, c. 1998. Pp. xviii, 253. $37.50, ISBN 0-8078-2445-3.) Bayard (pronounced "By-ard") Wootten was a southern woman photographer...
Many Thousands Gone: The First Two Centuries of Slavery in North America
Many Thousands Gone: The First Two Centuries of Slavery in North America. By Ira Berlin. (Cambridge, Mass., and London: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1998. Pp. x, 497. Paper, $16.95, ISBN: 0-674-00211-3; cloth, $29.95, ISBN 0-674-81092-9.)...
Migration and the Origins of the English Atlantic World
Migration and the Origins of the English Atlantic World. By Alison Games. Harvard Historical Studies, No. 133. (Cambridge, Mass., and London: Harvard University Press, 1999. Pp. xiv, 322. $45.00, ISBN 0-674-53781-1.) The English colonial world was...
Musica Tejana: The Cultural Economy of Artistic Transformation
Musica Tejana: The Cultural Economy of Artistic Transformation. By Manuel Pena. University of Houston Center in Mexican American Studies, No. 1. (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, c. 1999. Pp. xii, 239. Paper, $15.95, ISBN 0-89096-888-8;...
Neither Separate nor Equal: Women, Race, and Class in the South
Neither Separate Nor Equal: Women, Race, and Class in the South. Edited by Barbara Ellen Smith. Women in the Political Economy. (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, c. 1999. Pp. x, 286. Paper, $19.95, ISBN 1-56639-680-8; cloth, $59.50, ISBN 1-56639-679-4.)...
No Band of Brothers: Problems in the Rebel High Command
No Band of Brothers: Problems in the Rebel High Command. By Steven B. Woodworth. Shades of Blue and Gray Series. (Columbia, Mo., and London: University of Missouri Press, c. 1999. Pp. xxii, 182. $29.95, ISBN 0-8262-1255-7.) The author of this small...
Out of the Black Patch: The Autobiography of Effie Marquess Carmack, Folk Musician, Artist, and Writer
Out of the Black Patch: The Autobiography of Effie Marquess Carmack, Folk Musician, Artist, and Writer. Edited by Noel A. Carmack and Karen Lynn Davidson. Life Writings of Frontier Women, Vol. 4. (Logan: Utah State University Press, c. 1999. Pp. xviii,...
Political Abolitionism in Wisconsin, 1840-1861
Political Abolitionism in Wisconsin, 1840-1861. By Michael J. McManus. (Kent, Ohio, and London: Kent State University Press, c. 1998. Pp. xiv, 288. $39.00, ISBN 0-87338-601-9.) In this study of antebellum Wisconsin, Michael J. McManus reaffirms...
Race, Color Blindness, and the Democratic Public: Albion W. Tourgee's Radical Principles in Plessy V. Ferguson
How much would it be worth to a young man entering upon the practice of law, to be regarded as a white man rather than a colored one? Six-sevenths of the population are white. Nineteen-twentieths of the property of the country is owned by white people....
Religion, Race, and Reconstruction: The Public School in the Politics of the 1870s
Religion, Race, and Reconstruction: The Public School in the Politics of the 1870s. By Ward M. McAfee. Religion and American Public Life. (Albany: State University of New York Press, c. 1998. Pp. x, 317. Paper, $21.95, ISBN 0-7914-3848-1; cloth, $34.95,...
Republic of Letters: The American Intellectual Community, 1776-1865
Republic of Letters: The American Intellectual Community, 1776-1865. By Gilman M. Ostrander. (Madison, Wis.: Madison House, 1999. Pp. xvi, 379. $35.95, ISBN 0-945612-63-X.) Gilman M. Ostrander, the author of this book, died in 1986. He was a Californian,...
Sam Bass and Gang
Sam Bass and Gang. By Rick Miller. (Austin, Tex.: State House Press, 1999. Pp. xii, 412. Paper, $21.95, ISBN 1-880510-66-9; cloth, $34.95, ISBN 1-880510-65-0.) When I was growing up in Denton, Texas, in the 1940s, the legend of Sam Bass still had...
Slavery, Race, and American History: Historical Conflicts, Trends, and Method, 1866-1953
Slavery, Race, and American History: Historical Conflicts, Trends, and Method, 1866-1953. By John David Smith. (Armonk, N.Y., and London: M. E. Sharpe, c. 1999. Pp. xvi, 240. Paper, $23.95, ISBN 0-7656-0378-0; cloth, $64.95, ISBN 0-7656-0377-2.) ...
Southern History in Periodicals, 2000: A Selected Bibliography
THIS CLASSIFIED BIBLIOGRAPHY INCLUDES MOST SCHOLARLY ARTICLES IN the field of southern history published in periodicals in 2000 except for descriptive or genealogical writings of primary interest to a restricted group of readers. Since some journals...
Southern Politics in the 1990s
Southern Politics in the 1990s. Edited by Alexander P. Lamis. (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1999. Pp. xviii, 490. $39.95, ISBN 0-8071-2374-9.) Scholars have attempted to update V. O. Key's magisterial Southern Politics in State...
Stephen F. Austin: Empresario of Texas
Stephen F. Austin: Empresario of Texas. By Gregg Cantrell. (New Haven and London: Published by Yale University Press in cooperation with the William P. Clements Center for Southwest Studies, Southern Methodist University, c. 1999. Pp. xvi, 493. $29.95,...
Tennesseans and Their History
Tennesseans and Their History. By Paul H. Bergeron, Stephen V. Ash, and Jeanette Keith. (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, c. 1999. Pp. xiv, 357. Paper, $15.00, ISBN 1-57233-056-2; cloth, $30.00, ISBN 1-57233055-4.) The authors of this volume...
Testing the Limits: George Armistead Smathers and Cold War America
Testing the Limits: George Armistead Smathers and Cold War America. By Brian Lewis Crispell. (Athens, Ga., and London: University of Georgia Press, c. 1999. Pp. xx, 234. $35.00, ISBN 0-8203-2103-6.) History has not been kind to George Smathers....
The African-American History of Nashville, Tennessee, 1780-1930: Elites and Dilemmas
The African-American History of Nashville, Tennessee, 1780-1930: Elites and Dilemmas. By Bobby L. Lovett. Black Community. (Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 1999. Pp. xviii, 314. Paper, $18.00, ISBN 1-55728-556-X; cloth, $36.00, ISBN 1-35728-5-1.)...
The American Party Battle: Election Campaign Pamphlets, 1828-1876
The American Party Battle: Election Campaign Pamphlets, 1828-1876. Volume 1, 1828-1856. Volume 2, 1854-1876. Edited and with an introduction by Joel H. Silbey. (Cambridge, Mass., and London: Harvard University Press, 1999. Pp. xxvi, 284. Paper, $16.95,...
The Closing of Mississippi Society: Will Campbell, the $64,000 Question, and Religious Emphasis Week at the University of Mississippi
BARELY THREE MONTHS AFTER THE UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT ruled against school segregation in its May 1954 Brown decision, Will Campbell became director of religious life at the University of Mississippi. The thirty-year-old Baptist preacher would...
The Colored Aristocracy of St. Louis
The Colored Aristocracy of St. Louis. By Cyprian Clamorgan. Edited and with an introduction by Julie Winch. (Columbia, Mo., and London: University of Missouri Press, c. 1999. Pp. xiv, 122. $27.50, ISBN 0-8262-1236-0.) When Cyprian Clamorgan wrote...
The Croom Family and the Goodwood Plantation: Land, Litigation, and Southern Lives
The Croom Family and the Goodwood Plantation: Land, Litigation, and Southern Lives. By William Warren Rogers and Erica R. Clark. (Athens, Ga., and London: University of Georgia Press, c. 1999. Pp. xx, 290. $35.00, ISBN0-8203-2069-2.) "Those who...
The Everglades: An Environmental History
The Everglades: An Environmental History. By David McCally. Foreword by Raymond Arsenault and Gary R. Mormino. The Florida History and Culture Series. (Gainesville and other cities: University Press of Florida, c. 1999. Pp. xxii, 215. $39.95, ISBN...
The Fabulous History of the Dismal Swamp Company: A Story of George Washington's Times
The Fabulous History of the Dismal Swamp Company: A Story of George Washington's Times. By Charles Royster. (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1999. Pp. xii, 622. $35.00, ISBN 0-679-43345-7.) Scholars are inclined, if not compelled, to categorize; we are...
The Final Frontiers, 1880-1930: Settling the Southern Bottomlands
The Final Frontiers, 1880-1930: Settling the Southern Bottomlands. By John Solomon Otto. Contributions in American History, No. 183. (Westport, Conn., and London: Greenwood Press, c. 1999. Pp. xii, 189. $59.95, ISBN 0-313-28963-8.) John Solomon...
The Lincoln Forum: Abraham Lincoln, Gettysburg and the Civil War
The Lincoln Forum: Abraham Lincoln, Gettysburg and the Civil War. Edited by John Y. Simon, Harold Holzer, and William Pederson. (Mason City, Iowa: Savas Publishing Company, c. 1999. Pp. x, 121. $19.95, ISBN 1-882810-37-6.) This is a collection of...
The Politics of Race and Schooling: Public Education in Georgia, 1900-1961
The Politics of Race and Schooling: Public Education in Georgia, 1900-1961. By Thomas V. O'Brien. (Lanham, Md., and other cities: Lexington Books, c. 1999. Pp. xviii, 229. $45.00, ISBN 0-7391-0060-2.) Among the characteristics of modernity in twentieth-century...
The Sabbath Journal of Judith Lomax (1774-1828)
The Sabbath Journal of Judith Lomax (1774-1828). Edited by Laura Hobgood-Oster. American Academy of Religion, Texts and Translations Series, No. 25. (Atlanta, Ga.: Scholars Press, c. 1999. Pp. [x], 162. Paper, $24.95, ISBN 6-7885-0538-6.) Like many...
The Southern Judicial Tradition: State Judges and Sectional Distinctiveness, 1790-1890
The Southern Judicial Tradition: State Judges and Sectional Distinctiveness, 1790-1890. By Timothy S. Huebner. Studies in the Legal History of the South. (Athens, Ga., and London: University of Georgia Press, c. 1999. Pp. xvi, 263. $45.00, ISBN 0-8203-2101-X.)...
The U.S. Army and the Texas Frontier Economy, 1845-1900
The U.S. Army and the Texas Frontier Economy, 1845-1900. By Thomas T. Smith. Texas A&M University Military Series, No. 65. (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, c. 1999. Pp. xii, 307. $34.95, ISBN 0-89096-882-9.) Texas has provided...
Too Afraid to Cry: Maryland Civilians in the Antietam Campaign
Too Afraid to Cry: Maryland Civilians in the Antietam Campaign. By Kathleen A. Ernst. (Mechanicsburg, Penn.: Stackpole Books, c. 1999. Pp. xviii, 300. $24.95, ISBN 0-8117-1602-3.) A recent trend in Civil War historiography grants civilians a more...
Tracks to the Sea: Galveston and Western Railroad Development, 1866-1900
Tracks to the Sea: Galveston and Western Railroad Development, 1866-1900. By Earle B. Young. (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, c. 1999. Pp. 158. $29.95. ISBN 0-89096-883-7.) Earle B. Young's Tracks to the Sea is a companion piece...
Understanding the Little Rock Crisis: An Exercise in Remembrance and Reconciliation
Understanding the Little Rock Crisis: An Exercise in Remembrance and Reconciliation. Edited by Elizabeth Jacoway and C. Fred Williams. (Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 1999. Pp. x, 186. Paper, $16.00, ISBN 1-55728-530-6; cloth, $34.00,...
Where the Wild Animals Is Plentiful: Diary of an Alabama Fur Trader's Daughter, 1912-1914
Where the Wild Animals is Plentiful: Diary of an Alabama Fur Trader's Daughter, 1912-1914. By May Jordan. Edited by Elisa Moore Baldwin. (Tuscaloosa and London: University of Alabama Press, c. 1999. Pp. xii, 263. $34.95, ISBN 0-8173-0980-2.) Effie...
Women of the American South: A Multicultural Reader
Women of the American South: A Multicultural Reader. Edited by Christie Anne Farnham. (New York and London: New York University Press, c. 1997. Pp. x, 319. Paper, $19.50, ISBN 0-8147-2655-0; cloth, $55.00, ISBN 0-8147-2654-2.) Women of the American...