American Criminal Law Review

American Criminal Law Review is a magazine covering criminal law in the U.S. It is published quarterly by Georgetown University Law Center.Subjects for American Criminal Law Review include: Police, Penology, and Penal Institutions; Law.

Articles from Vol. 49, No. 2, Spring

Antitrust Violations
I. INTRODUCTION II. ELEMENTS OF THE OFFENSE A. Conspiracy B. Restraint of Trade C. Interstate Nexus D. Intent III. DEFENSES A. Withdrawal from Conspiracy B. Statute of Limitations C. Double Jeopardy D. Single...
Computer Crimes
I. INTRODUCTION A. Defining Computer Crime B. Types of Computer-Related Offenses 1. Object of Crime 2. Subject of Crime a. Spam b. Viruses c. Worms d. Trojan Horses ...
Corporate Criminal Liability
I. INTRODUCTION II. THE LAW OF CORPORATE CRIMINAL LIABILITY A. Corporations Are Only Liable for the Acts of Employees if the Employees Are Acting Within the Scope and Nature of Their Employment B. A Corporation Will Not Be...
Editor's Note
Welcome to the Twenty-Seventh Annual Survey of White Collar Crime. Every year, the American Criminal Law Review is proud to continue to provide the legal community with the premier reference on the law of white collar crime. The Annual Survey features...
Election Law Violations
I. INTRODUCTION II. CAMPAIGN FINANCE CRIMES A. Introduction 1. History of the Federal Election Campaign Reform Act 2. Introduction of the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act 3. Free Speech Challenges to FECA/BCRA ...
Employment-Related Crimes
I. INTRODUCTION II. WORKER SAFETY A. Occupational Safety and Health Act 1. Employer's Willful Violation of Standard Causing Death a. Elements of the Offense i. Employer ii. Willful...
Environmental Crimes
C. Defenses The CWA sets forth several complete and partial defenses. (275) Consent of the person endangered is an affirmative defense for the charge of knowing endangerment if the danger and conduct were reasonably foreseeable hazards of an occupation,...
False Statements and False Claims
I. INTRODUCTION II. FALSE STATEMENTS A. Elements of a [section] 1001 Offense 1. Statements or Concealments 2. Falsity 3. Materiality 4. Intent 5. Jurisdiction B. Section 1001 Defenses 1. "Exculpatory...
Federal Criminal Conspiracy
I. INTRODUCTION II. ELEMENTS OF THE OFFENSE A. Agreement B. Illegal Goal C. Knowledge, Intent, and Participation D. Overt Act III. DEFENSES A. Statute of Limitations B. Variance C. Multiplicitous Indictment ...
Financial Institutions Fraud
C. Criminal Penalties Under 12 U.S.C. [section] 1818(j) As noted above, 12 U.S.C. [section] 1818(e) provides for the administrative removal of institution-affiliated parties ("IAPs") and prohibits any further participation in the affairs of the...
Foreign Corrupt Practices Act
I. INTRODUCTION II. ACCOUNTING PROVISIONS A. Covered Parties B. Elements of the Accounting Provisions 1. Record-keeping 2. Internal Controls C. Criminal Liability D. Related SEC Rules III. ANTI-BRIBERY PROVISIONS ...
Health Care Fraud
viii. Arrangements Between Providers and Health Plans Providers who contract with health plans to provide services for reduced fees may be protected by a safe harbor coveting price reductions offered to health plans. (197) The requirements vary...
Intellectual Property Crimes
I. INTRODUCTION II. THEFT OF TRADE SECRETS A. Economic Espionage Act of 1996 1. Definition of Trade Secret 2. Elements of the Criminal Offenses a. Economic Espionage b. Theft of Trade Secrets ...
Mail and Wire Fraud
I. INTRODUCTION II. ELEMENTS OF THE OFFENSE A. Scheme to Defraud by Means of a Material Deception 1. Scheme to Defraud 2. Material Deception B. Intent to Defraud C. Use of the Mails, Wires, or Both in Furtherance of...
Maleficent or Mindblind: Questioning the Role of Asperger's in Quant Hedge Fund Malfeasance and Modeling Disasters
TABLE OF CONTENTS I. INTRODUCTION II. WHAT IS ASPERGER'S DISORDER A. Diagnostic Standards B. Dramatic Increase in Autism Spectrum Disorders C. The Illustrative Description of Dr. Michael Burry III. ASPERGER'S AND CRIMINAL ACTIVITY ...
Money Laundering
I. INTRODUCTION II. OVERVIEW OF THE STATUTE A. Section 1956 1. Transaction Money Laundering 2. Transportation Money Laundering 3. Sting Operations B. Section 1957 III. ELEMENTS OF THE OFFENSES A. Knowledge Requirement ...
Obstruction of Justice
I. INTRODUCTION II. THE OMNIBUS PROVISION A. Scope of [section] 1503 B. Elements of a [section] 1503 Offense 1. Pending Federal Judicial Proceedings 2. Knowledge of Pending Proceeding 3. Corrupt Intent to Obstruct...
Perjury
I. INTRODUCTION A. Section 1621: False Testimony Generally B. Section 1623: False Testimony to Court or Grand Jury C. Section 1622: Subornation of Perjury II. ELEMENTS OF THE OFFENSE A. Oath B. Intent 1. Section 1621:...
Public Corruption
I. INTRODUCTION II. BRIBERY AND ELEGAL GRATUITY A. Elements of the Bribery and Illegal Gratuity Offenses 1. Thing of Value 2. Public Official or Witness 3. Official Act 4. Intent a. Bribery ...
Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations
III. DEFENSES This Section addresses potential defenses to RICO prosecutions. Part A describes how the invalidation of one or more underlying predicate acts can impact a RICO conviction. Part B discusses the statute of limitations for criminal and...
Securities Fraud
I. INTRODUCTION II. ELEMENTS OF THE OFFENSE A. Material Misrepresentations and Omissions 1. Misstatements and Omissions 2. Materiality 3. Intent a. Scienter b. Willfulness 4. In Connection...
Tax Violations
I. INTRODUCTION II. CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS UNDER I.R.C. [section][section] 7201, 7202, 7203, 7206, AND 7212(A) A. Policies and Procedures of IRS Investigations 1. Purposes of IRS Investigations. 2. Policies 3. Constitutional...