Joint Force Quarterly

Articles from No. 53, April

A Case against Systemic Operational Design
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Currently, the U.S. military seems well on the way to repeating its dismal experience with an effects-based approach to operations (EBAO) by adopting major parts of the so-called systemic operational design (SOD) into Army...
A Perfect Storm for Pentagon Reform
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] In each of the past several years, experts have concluded that U.S. defense spending could grow no more. Despite the fact that the defense budget is now at its highest inflation-adjusted level since World War II, this anticipated...
Brave Enough Not to Lead: The Proper Role of the Military in Foreign Policy
The use of military means to achieve political ends evokes a thread of a rich discussion, one that reaches back through the ages. It was certainly so even in the winter of 1775, as Edmund Burke spoke on the floor of Parliament, at a time when England...
Bridging the Strategy-Resources Gap: Defense Planning in a Time of Crisis
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] It has become almost a cliche in Washington to deplore the sorry state of defense budgeting. At the end of the Bush administration, the Pentagon's messy finances persuaded even nonpartisan defense analysts to use harsh words...
Case Yellow and the Modern Campaign Planner
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Perhaps the wisest statement to be found in any official military publication appears in Marine Corps Doctrinal Publication 1, Warfighting: "A leader without either interest in or knowledge of the history and theory of warfare--the...
Commander's Business: Learning to Practice Operational Design
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Without understanding one cannot control causes; only treat effects, suppress symptoms. With understanding one can design and create the future. (1) --JAMSHID GHARAJEDAGHI and RUSSELL L. ACKOFF Operational Design is...
Commercializing USCENTCOM Aerial Ports
Over the last 3 years, commercial aircraft have become a predominant in-theater conveyance for both Department of Defense (DOD) cargo and an increasing number of non-DOD activities. With more and more commercial aircraft converging on a limited number...
Conflict Trends in the 21st Century
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] As the Cold War was coming to a close, most of the world had never heard of the small Yugoslavian provinces of Bosnia-Herzegovina or Kosovo, let alone believed they would demand global attention. Nor would the world have believed...
DOD Planning, Programming, Budgeting, and Execution System: A Path toward Improvement
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] In the 1960s, the Department of Defense (DOD) introduced a new planning, programming, and budgeting system, and with only minimal changes over the years (it was recently renamed the Planning, Programming, Budgeting, and Execution...
Effects-Based Thinking in Joint Doctrine
By Joint Staff J7 Joint Doctrine AND EDUCATION DIVISION STAFF Much discussion in Joint Force Quarterly and other media has occurred lately regarding what can broadly be called "effects-based ideas." To bring clarity to this debate, it is worthwhile...
Executive Summary
The first duty of the grand strategist is ... to appreciate the commercial and financial position of his country; to discover what its resources and liabilities are. Secondly, he must understand the moral characteristics of his countrymen, their history,...
Finance and Power
A critical challenge for the new administration will be to reassert American leadership in the international economy and rebuild America's financial health. Economic strength has underpinned the national power and influence of every state in history....
Joint Chiefs of Staff J7 Joint Education and Doctrine Division
The Joint Doctrine Development Community (JDDC) continues on the leading edge of distilling today's lessons learned and best practices to prepare the joint warfighter. As joint force experience and capabilities evolve, doctrine, too, must be revised...
Looking Back on Operation Jump Start
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] For decades, the imbroglio of illegal immigration has permeated American society due to the Nation's Southwest border being extremely porous. Today, the topic has reached center stage on Capitol Hill as it receives the necessary...
NATO's Uncertain Future Is Demography Destiny?
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) finds itself increasingly stressed by current and prospective demographic shifts within its membership that will almost certainly hamper its collective ability to deploy operational...
Nuclear Arms and the Future of South Asia
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Trend lines have shaped the nuclear past and will shape the nuclear future. But trend lines are usually set by major events, and major events usually have crosscutting effects. The use of atomic weapons to end World War II...
Operational Design for ISAF in Afghanistan: A Primer
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Afghanistan is at a tipping point, and the next 12 to 18 months will prove decisive in determining the country's future. This has become the view of many scholars, politicians, diplomats, and military leaders around the world....
Protecting the Past to Secure the Future: The Strategic Value of Heritage Training
Inevitably, in the path of our advance will be found historical monuments and cultural centers which symbolize to the world all that we are fighting to preserve. --Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1944 Given the highly publicized losses to cultural heritage...
The Rise of the Rest
The 1990s were marked in the West by triumphalism. The "end of history" thesis, articulated by Francis Fukuyama, argued that a combination of liberal democracy and market capitalism had become so dominant that, with communism and fascism vanquished,...
Time to Improve U.S. Defense Structure for the Western Hemisphere
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] As the Nation adjusts to the reality of the Obama administration, the time is ripe for a fundamental improvement in the Pentagon's relationship with its counterparts in the Western Hemisphere. It should be acknowledged that...
Transnational Movements and Terrorism
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] National and international security now involves nonstate actors to an extent unprecedented in modern history. Transnational movements and substate groups have tremendous power both to contribute to the greater good and to...
Trouble with Doctrine?
It will do what good doctrine ought to do, which is to stimulate thought. It's not a template. I don't think it's going to be a rigid set of prescriptions. But what it will do, I think, will be to stimulate thought and to be the basis of ever-developing...
Victory over Terrorism: Essential Services as Counterinsurgency Strategy
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] By 2006, U.S. Iraq policy, based on the 2005 National Strategy for Victory in Iraq, appeared to be failing. The February bombing of the al-Askari Mosque sparked a wave of sectarian violence that seemed to push Iraq to the...
What Is Economic Power?
There is general agreement that in the 21st century, economic power is an important strategic asset. But what is economic power? How is it changing? And how can it be measured? Economic power can be broadly defined as the ability to control or influence...