Joint Force Quarterly

Articles from No. 54, July

Advancing the Army: Professional Military Ethic
Today, our Army faces two broad challenges: restoring balance to a force stretched and strained by almost 8 years of war, and adapting to the anticipated demands of 21st-century conflict. Repeated deployments to Afghanistan and Iraq have placed enormous...
Afghanistan: The Path to Victory
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] The focal point of the war on terror has shifted from Baghdad to Kabul, from Mesopotamia to the Hindu Kush. It is in U.S. national interest to pursue a balanced counterinsurgency and state-building policy in Afghanistan. This...
A Long, Hard Fall from the Pedestal
After 37 years of practicing public international law in general, and dealing with the law of war in particular, I have had the opportunity to form close working relationships with numerous foreign colleagues. In meeting with these individuals in international...
An Interview with Michael G. Mullen
JFQ: A recent essay in the foreign policy journal Orbis is critical of the general understanding of the classical code of American military ethics. The author [LtCol Frank Hoffman, USMCR] asserts that it is no longer taught, modeled, or enforced and...
Charting a New U.S.-Iraqi Relationship
President Barack Obama's February 27, 2009, speech at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina, officially committed the United States to ending the war in Iraq. (1) After 6 years of fighting--with more than 4,000 Americans and many more Iraqis killed--the announcement...
Cyber Operations: The New Balance
This is no unsolvable problem if we face it wisely and courageously. --Franklin Delano Roosevelt A new normalcy is ascendant in cyberspace. What does this mean, and what are the implications for the Department of Defense (DOD) cyber policy? Some...
Destroy the Taliban's Sanctuary
America's new strategy in Afghanistan seeks to replicate the success of Iraq. The idea is that an increase in the number of troops, more nonmilitary advisors, and expanded aid will strengthen the Afghan national government and secure the local people,...
Eliminating High Seas Piracy: Legal and Policy Considerations
On December 16, 2008, the United Nations (UN) Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 1851 authorizing states to mount land-based operations in Somalia against pirate strongholds. This reflects the deep concern of all UN members with respect...
Ethical Challenges for Commanders and Their Chaplains
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Since the beginnings of our respective military Services, commanders expected their chaplains to be both religious and ethical leaders. Commanders relied on chaplains to reinforce Servicemembers' spiritual strength, commitment,...
Ethics and Intelligence
The phrase ethics of intelligence, with intelligence understood to mean espionage and related activities, may seem oxymoronic. For most of the history of what has been called the world's second oldest profession, that sense of incongruity would be...
Executive Summary
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] I say it often, but it bears repeating here: in Afghanistan, the people are the center of gravity in this struggle. We know that. This whole effort is about them and their security. At the center of it all, what it really...
Gaming the 21st Century: What to Game? Center for Applied Strategic Learning
Easily the most frequently asked question of gamers is how we select topics. Fairly often, we pick topics by asking "what if " questions about the hotspot regions of the world. What if the leader of a nuclear state, for instance, should be assassinated...
Gangs, Drugs, Terrorism-And Information-Sharing
The conflict in Mexico between the government and criminal drug cartels has been in the news lately, particularly because of the horrific levels of violence and its proximity to our border. The U.S. Government is increasingly concerned, and President...
Getting Indonesia Right: Managing a Security Partnership with a Nonallied Country
Indonesia's spectacular transformation from the Suharto years to the vibrant democracy of today is one of the great success stories in democratic change in recent history. The change began in May 1998 when--after more than 30 years of the Suharto autocracy--a...
Global Distributed ISR Operations: The Changing Face of Warfare
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Over the last decade, our joint team has benefitted greatly from a combination of technology and new operating concepts to better leverage warfighting talent around the globe. Nowhere is this progress as evident as in the...
Hard Day's Night: A Retrospective on the American Intervention in Somalia
Almost a generation has passed since the tragic events of October 3, 1993, when 18 American Soldiers died in the streets of Mogadishu. The fallout from Somalia was both severe and long lasting. It brought a halt to the aggressive multilateralism that...
Healing Hidden Wounds: The Mental Health Crisis of America's Veterans
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] From August 2004 to January 2005, and from January to September 2006, I commanded a Marine Corps logistics battalion of more than 1,100 Marines and Sailors in Iraq whose mission was to provide support...
Institutional Ethics Drawing Lines for Militant Democracies
At his 2009 confirmation hearing for Attorney General of the United States, Eric Holder was asked whether he would pursue a criminal investigation of the interrogation programs of the Bush administration. He responded, "Senator, no one's above the...
Joint Chiefs of Staff J7 Joint Education and Doctrine Division
The Joint Staff J7 (JS/J7), in concert with the Joint Doctrine Development Community (JDDC), remains on the leading edge of capturing lessons learned and best practices for joint doctrine to best equip the joint warfighter. JS/J7 strives to cast the...
Joint Doctrine and Irregular Warfare
During a recent conference at the National Defense University (NDU), an attendee expressed concern that joint doctrine has failed to adequately address irregular warfare (IW). This is not exactly so, but the charge has circulated with such frequency...
Keepers of the Flame
Today the eyes of all people are truly upon us--and our governments, in every branch, at every level, national, state and local, must be as a city upon a hill--constructed and inhabited by men aware of their great trust and their great responsibilities....
Law and Ethics
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Professor Harvey Rishikof's fine article on institutional ethics in three distinct scenarios includes some troubling elements that bear additional scrutiny and analysis. Professor Rishikof capably addresses the interplay between...
Lawfare: A Decisive Element of 21st-Century Conflicts?
If anyone doubts the role of law in 21st-century conflicts, one need only pose the following question: what was the U.S. military's most serious setback since 9/11? Few knowledgable experts would say anything other than the detainee abuse scandal known...
On Strategic Leadership
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] There are some characteristics of strategic leadership that are common to other activities and some that are distinctive. Both the general and specific qualities and capabilities of strategic leadership are important. But...
The Detainee Interrogation Debate and the Legal-Policy Process
[N]ever in the history of the United States had lawyers had such extraordinary influence over war policy as they did after 9/11. (1) The role of the judge advocate is to provide commanders with the best and most complete legal inputs possible, free...
The Enduring Value of NORAD
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] [Canada and the United States] are good neighbors and true friends because we maintain our own rights with frankness, because we refuse to accept the twists of secret diplomacy, because we settle our disputes by consultation...
The Joint Narrative: Describing the Future Environment and Joint Operations
Among the most vexing challenges that confront today's national security professional are the notions of change, complexity, and uncertainty, and more importantly how to respond to these. Two recently published documents make important contributions...
The Stance on the Cluster Munitions Ban U.S. Philosophy Explained
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] This article provides an unclassified explanation of why the United States still needs the military capability provided by cluster munitions (CM). This need exists in spite of the fact that many countries signed a treaty agreeing...
Trapping Ourselves in Afghanistan and Losing Focus on the Essential Mission
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Afghanistan doesn't matter. Afghanistan's just a worthless piece of dirt. Al Qaeda matters. To a lesser degree, the hardline elements within the Taliban matter. Pakistan matters, although there is nothing we can do to arrest...