Joint Force Quarterly

Articles from No. 58, July

"Africa's Future Is Up to Africans": Putting the President's Words into Action
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] President Barack Obama's address in Accra, Ghana, in July 2009, signaled a pivotal moment for U.S. policy toward and priorities in Africa. Many in the United States increasingly recognize the growing importance of Africa in...
Are We Professionals?
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] In recent years, there has been growing interest within the U.S. Army in identifying, defining, categorizing, promoting, and developing professionalism in all members of the military. This interest is laudable and receives...
Clan, the State, and War: Lessons from the Far North
Since the modern state first encroached upon their pristine and sparsely inhabited homeland 400 years ago, the Inuit of the Arctic have aspired to restore their Aboriginal rights and cultural traditions, and whenever possible, to reclaim components...
Constructing the Legacy of Field Manual 3-24
In late 2005, then-Lieutenant General David Petraeus was appointed to lead the Army's Combined Arms Command at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. After two high-profile tours in Iraq, the posting to Fort Leavenworth was no one's idea of a promotion; the dominant...
Developing Air Force Strategists Change Culture, Reverse Careerism
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] In a November 2008-February 2009 cross-governmental assessment of the geostrategic context in the U.S. Central Command region commissioned by General David Petraeus, there was a trend among team members to offer three simple...
Ethnic Politics, Defense, and Security in "Latin" America
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] In "Latin" America, a new dynamism has emerged in the relationship between indigenous communities, representing at least 40 million people, and national governments, particularly in terms of Indian peoples' belated incorporation...
Executive Summary
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] In pursuit of [their] goals, leaders of Al Qaeda and its regional affiliates frequently make appeals for support based on a wide range of political positions and, at times, attempt to harness nationalist sentiment or manipulate...
Freeing the Army from the Counterinsurgency Straitjacket
In October 2006, while in command of a cavalry squadron in northwest Baghdad, I received an email with an attached document from my division commander, then-Major General James D. Thurman. General Thurman sent the email to all of the division's brigade...
Joint Chiefs of Staff J7: Joint Education and Doctrine Division
Joint Publication (JP) 1, Doctrine for the Armed Forces of the United States, states, "Joint warfare is team warfare." The lubrication between the various parts of the joint team is common understanding, which is built on the broad shoulders of joint...
Learning and Adapting to Win
There is no single defining American way of war. It changes over time, and it should change over time, adapting appropriately to the most relevant threats to our national security, and the means by which that security is best preserved. As the godfather...
Military Dissuasion: A Framework for Influencing PLA Procurement Trends
The United States and its friends and allies maintain serious reservations about the long-term impact the assumptions underpinning the 2010 Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR) will have on America's ability to sustain its military commitments in the Asia-Pacific....
Misinterpreting Ethnic Conflicts in Africa
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] There is a general perception that Africa is trapped in a never-ending cycle of ethnic conflict. The Rwandan genocide, Darfur, northern Nigeria, Cote d'lvoire, and the violent aftermath of the controversial Kenyan elections,...
Off and Running: The Middle East Nuclear Arms Race
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Iran's suspected pursuit of nuclear weapons could contribute to a regional nuclear arms race in the Middle East. I Nation-states already are hedging their bets that Tehran will one day harbor a nuclear weapons arsenal--even...
Regional Threats: Security Capacity Imperatives in the Caribbean
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] There is often a tendency to ignore festering problems until they evolve into historic or catastrophic events. Geopolitical and national interests determine whether many such problems become priority issues for proactive responses...
Reorienting Grand Strategy: The Promise of Single-Equilibrium Defense Planning
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Since the end of the Cold War, the U.S. defense community has focused its futures analysis on a "range of possible outcomes" approach. Planners assume that social behavior, such as that of states in the international system...
Stabilization Operations: A Successful Strategy for Postconflict Management
Civilian agencies and the private contractors who execute their policies play a major role in stabilization and reconstruction operations in Iraq and Afghanistan alongside their military counterparts. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization, U.S. Agency...
Terrorists and Submarines: Lessons for Afghanistan from the Antisubmarine Campaign of World War I
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] German submarine warfare from 1915 to 1918 was the global terrorism of its day. Submarines attacked targets widely regarded as "innocent" and were extremely effective at it. In that respect, the U-boat campaign during World...
The Age of Irregular Warfare: So What?
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] [F] uture adversaries are more likely to pose irregular threats. --Irregular Warfare Joint Operating Concept 2.0, April 2010 It is now time to recognize that a paradigm shift in war has undoubtedly occurred. --General...
The End of Surface Warships
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] For centuries, battleships ruled the seas. Whoever had the biggest, baddest battleships with the most powerful cannons controlled valuable shipping lines and thus dominated much of the world. This was true throughout the centuries...
The Post-9/11: American Serviceman
Soon after the beginning of Operations Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Iraqi Freedom (OIF), the composition of the American military came under intense scrutiny. Pundits and talking heads were quick to go to the news media and suggest that the military...
The Social Sciences and Innovation in Gaming
This is a fascinating time to be a gamer, particularly one developing policy games. The types of problems to be gamed, the technical support available to do so, and the importance of exercises' findings all seem imbued with unusual potential and urgency....
Through a Jingzi, Darkly
For much of the past two decades, the concern of many in the U.S. Government and throughout Asia has been the impact of China's growing economy and concomitant political and military power--that is, the focus has been on the impact of China's success...
Time for the Deconstruction of Field Manual 3-24
The principles of population-centric counterinsurgency (COIN) have become transcendent in the U.S. Army and other parts of the greater Defense Establishment. Concepts such as population security, nationbuilding, and living among the people to win their...
Unmanned Systems and the Joint Team
There are those that see [Joint Strike Fighter] as the last manned fighter. I'm one that's inclined to believe that. (1) --ADMIRAL MICHAEL G. MULLEN Comments similar to the Chairman's statement can generate heated debate. Whether or not his inclination...
USCYBERCOM: The Need for a Combatant Command versus a Subunified Command
United States Cyber Command (USCYBERCOM) is a subunified command under United States Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM). It was scheduled for an October/ November 2009 initial operating capability (currently delayed) and an October 2010 full operational...
When Do We Teach the Basics?
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] We have to develop leaders who understand that context matters. The complexity of today's challenges and the uncertainties of tomorrow require a much broader approach to leader development and a clear understanding of the...