Joint Force Quarterly

Articles from No. 46, July

A JTF Training Dilemma: Component Rigor versus Joint Realism
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] As we in the land component commands increasingly recognize the value of thinking jointly and prepare to be better partners with our fellow components, we find ourselves facing a training dilemma: ground combat training rigor...
American Military Culture and Strategy
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Culture is generally defined as socially transmitted behavior patterns, beliefs, and institutions that shape a community or population. These beliefs and behavior patterns influence the way a people fight, affecting not only...
A New Era in Combating WMD
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] The President's National Strategy to Combat Weapons of Mass Destruction describes such weapons in the hands of hostile states and terrorists as one of the greatest security challenges facing the United States. This strategy...
An Interview with James E. "Hoss" Cartwright
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] General James E. Cartwright, USMC, is Commander, U.S. Strategic Command. JFQ: How do you rate the ability of U.S. Strategic Command [USSTRATCOM] to carry out the mission of combating WMD [weapons of mass destruction], and...
Applying Law Enforcement Technology to Counterinsurgency Operations
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] In 1994, Rudolph Giuliani assumed duties as the mayor of New York, taking over a city with one of the highest crime rates in America--a problem he promised to address. To meet this challenge, he expanded the number of police...
China's ASAT Test Motivations and Implications
On February 15, 2007, the National Defense University's Institute for National Strategic Studies convened an unclassified roundtable to discuss the motivations and implications of China's direct-ascent antisatellite (ASAT) weapons test. Participants...
Combating Terrorism with Socioeconomics: Leveraging the Private Sector
[ILLUSTRATIONS OMITTED] It is widely recognized that leaders of terrorist organizations come from the ranks of the educated and are mostly driven by extremist ideologies. The foot soldiers of terrorism, however, are often recruited from the deprived...
Contesting the Information Battlespace
It is clear from the events of this decade that we live in a world filled with global security challenges that will not go away--from terrorism to countering weapons of mass destruction to nation-states bent on challenging peace and stability. The...
"Deconfusing" Lethal and Kinetic Terms
It is time to "deconfuse" ourselves concerning the words lethal and kinetic. The joint force--in both its doctrine and concepts communities--must not only adopt standard definitions and usages of these terms but also achieve a common understanding...
Did the Coalition Need More Forces in Iraq?: Evidence from Al Anbar
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Numerous scholars, military officers, and policymakers have argued that the United States deployed inadequate numbers of forces to secure Iraq. (1) They generally agree that by trying to secure the country with only 150,000...
Effects-Based Operations and the Problem of Causality: Simple and Complex
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] It has become fashionable in most armed forces worldwide to go "effects-based." The 2006 Quadrennial Defense Review Report emphasizes explicitly the need to make the shift "from massing forces--to massing effects" and "from...
Executive Summary
The geographic combatant commander has a certain amount of capability, but when things start to heat up, he's going to want to reach back for scale. He is still the best person positioned for the agility of day-to-day transactions and activities, whether...
Eyes on Target: Intelligence Support to an Effects-Based Approach
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] The value of an effects-based approach has been recognized since the days of Sun Tzu, but the war on terror has reinforced the central role of effects in achieving victory. Whether fighting a country such as Saddam Hussein's...
Global and Theater Operations Integration
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] The Joint Functional Component Command for Global Strike and Integration (JFCC GSI) plays a critical role in integrating U.S. Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM) global capabilities into theater operations. JFCC GSI provides our...
Guarding Cyberspace Global Network Operations
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] President George Bush's National Strategy to Secure Cyberspace (NSSC) describes cyberspace as the nervous system of our country. The NSSC outlines--for all Federal, state, and local governments, private companies and organizations,...
Integrated Missile Defense
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] The Joint Functional Component Command for Integrated Missile Defense (JFCC-IMD) was established in January 2005. Its primary mission is to conduct functions for global missile defense to protect the United States, its deployed...
Joint Doctrine Update: Joint Chief of Staff J7 Joint Education and Doctrine Division
The joint doctrine development community continues its aggressive pace of publication revision. Among more than a dozen titles already signed this year, of most significance is the approval of the Capstone joint publication in the joint doctrine hierarchy....
Joint Functional Command for Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) operations continue to perform a vital role in the war on terror and promise to remain integral to current and future wars. That our military can execute the ISR mission...
Joint Ground Logistics in the Falklands
June 14, 2007, marked the 25th anniversary of the recapture of the Falkland Islands by a British joint task force. The victory was a spectacular exhibition of military power by the United Kingdom's professional armed services, which had to overcome...
Law Enforcement Technology, Intelligence, and the War on Terror
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] The warfare that most of us trained for now seems likely to become more an artifact of historical interest than the reality we feared. Today, the objective of conflict is less to obtain a political outcome than to create the...
Log-Centric Airbase-Opening Strategies in Korea
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] The airlift of supplies to the forward elements of the 8th Army, at a time when such an operation was our only means of supply, has permitted ground troops to continue their combat mission in the forward area. The keen application...
Military Officer Attitudes toward UAV Adoption: Exploring Institutional Impediments to Innovation
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] The prospective introduction of large numbers of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) arguably represents the most significant ongoing development in U.S. military aviation in decades. (1) The inventory of large UAVs across all...
On the Nature of Strategic Communications
Strategic communications, as now generally understood within the Department of Defense (DOD), encompass (to use the bureaucratic terms of art) public affairs, "defense support for public diplomacy," and military psychological operations (PSYOP). That...
Shaping the Nuclear Landscape
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] In important ways, the world is at a nuclear crossroads. The complex and dynamic nuclear landscape presents us with challenges along at least four axes: regional nuclear proliferation, nuclear terrorism, great power nuclear...
Space Operations
The commander, U.S. Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM), established the Joint Functional Component Command for Space (JFCC SPACE) to optimize planning, execution, and force management of Department of Defense space operations. The commander, 14th Air Force,...
Strategic Communication and National Security
I don't know what the hell this [strategic communication] is that Marshall is always talking about, but I want some of it.--Attributed to Admiral Ernest King during World War II Winston Churchill is said to have observed that the principal difference...
Technology, Intelligence, and Trust
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] The outcome of the conflicts that the American military is likely to fight in the decades ahead will increasingly depend on tactical success and the empowerment of small unit leaders. Recent advances in technology have the...
The George C. Marshall European Center: Proven Model or Irrelevant Prototype?
[ILLUSTRATIONS OMITTED] In a rush to "do something" after the demise of the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact, the Department of Defense (DOD) created the George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies--the first of what would become five...
The Global Innovation and Strategy Center
The terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, clearly demonstrated that adversaries do not distinguish between America's military, commercial, and civilian interests. The logical response to the attacks was to combine the Nation's diverse experiences...
Warfighting in Cyberspace
[ILLUSTRATIONS OMITTED] Our current and potential adversaries clearly understand the military potential of cyberspace and the expansive power of the medium. Terrorists employ the Internet for recruiting, training, motivating, and synchronizing their...