Joint Force Quarterly

Articles from No. 59, October

ALSA: Increasing Warfighter Interoperability
The Air Land Sea Application (ALSA) Center produces multi-Service tactics, techniques, and procedures (MTTP) publications that help Servicemembers every day, especially in Iraq and Afghanistan. Established at Langley Air Force Base, Virginia, in...
An Interview with James T. Conway
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] JFQ: For several years, the Marine Corps has been operating very closely with the United States Army in Iraq and Afghanistan. To what degree have sea service skill sets atrophied, and do you sense that some increasingly see...
A Patchwork Strategy of Consensus: Establishing Rule of Law in Afghanistan
The gavel strike of justice in Kabul does not echo far in the Hindu Kush mountains. The need for rule of law and legal reform in Afghanistan could not be more urgent given the recent successful offensives in the southern provinces. Despite 9 years...
A QDR for All Seasons? the Pentagon Is Not Preparing for the Most Likely Conflicts
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] The end of the Cold War and the massive changes in the conflict environment that ensued launched the United States on a transformational path in military force planning. In 1996, the first Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR)...
Breaking Ranks: Dissent and the Military Professional
There are circumstances under which a military officer is not only justified but also obligated to disobey a legal order. In supporting this assertion, I discuss where the tipping point lies between the military officer's customary obligation to obey...
Building a Potemkin Village: A Taliban Strategy to Reclaim the Homeland
The newly invigorated U.S. strategy to secure a stable Afghanistan faces hazards of its own creation. With a surge of troops and political capital, the United States hopes to achieve long-term stability with a short-term mandate for action. In light...
China's Ace in the Hole: Rare Earth Elements
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] On February 4, 2010, nearly 2 weeks after the Obama administration unveiled a $6.4 billion arms deal with Taiwan, a Chinese article posted on an online Chinese Communist Party-connected daily newspaper site, as well as on...
Developing an Operational Reserve: A Policy and Historical Context and the Way Forward
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Today, much attention is paid to a concept of employment for the U.S. military Reserve Components (RCs), encompassing the Army and Air National Guard and the Reserves of the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, and Coast Guard....
Executive Summary
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] As we reinforce policies, implement strategies, and continue to call on our Reserve Components, we must remember that "judicious use" is still the watchword. --Dennis M. Mccarthy Assistant secretary...
Force Planning in the 2010 QDR
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] The use of Integrated Security Constructs--overlapping, detailed sets of planning scenarios and associated assessment tools--in the 2010 Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR) provides the United States with a clean break from Cold...
From the Chairman: Working Together: Modern Challenges Need "Whole-of-Nation" Effort
Every morning as I walk to my office at the Pentagon, I pass a corridor that pays tribute to one of our Nation's finest leaders, General Omar Bradley. A consummate gentleman and warrior, Bradley played historic leadership roles in World War II and...
Harmonious Ocean? Chinese Aircraft Carriers and the Australia-U.S. Alliance
East Asia is in many respects the strategic anchor of the entire region in that the vital interests of the world's three most economically powerful states, the U.S., China, and Japan intersect.... [I]t is in East Asia that continued American supremacy,...
Ike Warned Us about This: The MICC Stranglehold on Responsible Procurement: They Tell Us the Mother of the Last [KC-135] Pilot Hasn't Been Born Yet
Tey tell us the mother of the last [Kc-135] pilot hasn't been born yet. (1) In his farewell address, President Dwight Eisenhower warned the Nation I against "the acquisition of unwarranted influence, whether sought or unsought, by the military-industrial...
Immortal: A Military History of Iran and Its Armed Forces
Immortal: A Military History of Iran and its Armed Forces By Steven R. Ward Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 2009 384 pp. $29.95 ISBN: 978-1-58901-258-5 [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Prior to the 1978 overthrow of Mohammed Reza...
Information Strategy: The Missing Link
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Success will be less a matter of imposing one's will and more a function of shaping behavior. --Secretary of Defense Robert M. Gates (1) IO is dead! Long live IO! After 13-plus years of infighting, programmatic protectionism,...
Intelligence for an Age of Terror
Intelligence for an Age of Terror By Gregory F. Treverton New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009 261 pp. $30.00 ISBN: 978-0-521-51845-1 [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Gregory Treverton first went to work in the intelligence area in the...
ISAF and Afghanistan: The Impact of Failure on NATO's Future
There is only one thing worse than fighting with allies, and that is fighting without them. (1) --Winston Churchill Alliances are difficult. They are an imperfect form of collective statecraft that often directly affects the security and well-being...
Is the Conduct of War a Business?
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] The U.S. military has long used various business models in managing its bureaucracy and budget and planning its force. During the 1960s, however, the Pentagon used a business model extensively in its conduct of the war in...
Operation Albion and Joint Amphibious Doctrine
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] In the fall of 1917, the German army and navy conducted an amphibious assault in the Baltic Sea. The operation was codenamed Albion. The goal of the operation was ambitious: to convince Russia to...
Operational for What? the Future of the Guard and Reserves
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Since the end of the Cold War, the National Guard and Reserves have been transformed from a strategic to an operational force because of the demands of U.S. military involvement in Haiti, Somalia, Bosnia, Kosovo, and--most...
Redefining the Center of Gravity
It does not matter what Carl von Clausewitz said about the center of gravity (COG) in the 19th century. What matters is how we want to use the COG concept in the 21st century. Joint doctrine, specifically Joint Publication (JP) 5-0, Joint Operation...
Redress of Professional Military Education: The Clarion Call
In 1908, the American short story writer O. Henry penned "The Clarion Call." This title has become synonymous with a powerful request for action or an irresistible mandate. As the Nation looks to the institution of the U.S. Army during an era of persistent...
Responsible Drawdown: Synchronizing the Joint Vision
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] When in human history has an armed force ever enjoyed the quality of logistical support that our forces in Iraq do today? The U.S. military possesses the capacity, budget, organization, and doctrine to keep personnel in the...
Senior Officer Professional Military Education as an Equalizer
When the congressionally chartered Commission on the National Guard and Reserves (CNGR) issued its report in 2008, two of the recommendations that jumped out for many of us who had spent years in the Reserve Components (RCs) were numbers 81 and 84,...
Strategic Communication in the New Media Sphere
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] The U.S. Government continues to seek a comprehensive, effective communication strategy through which it may project and promote American interests, policies, and objectives abroad. Many believe that the government and military...
The NDU Foundation Congratulates the Winners of the 2010 Writing Competitions
The National Defense University (NDU) Foundation is proud to support the annual Secretary of Defense, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and Joint Force Quarterly writing competitions. NDU Press hosted the final round of judging on May 18-19, 2010,...
The Security Trinity: Understanding the Role of Security Forces in COIN
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] In 2006, General James Jones, USMC (Ret.), led a team of analysts assessing the Iraqi Security Forces (ISF) at the height of the sectarian violence in that country. The basic tone of the Jones report reflected uneven progress...
Understanding Sri Lanka's Defeat of the Tamil Tigers
After three decades of conflict, Sri Lanka's government defeated the ethnic separatist insurgent group Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), popularly known as the Tamil Tigers, in May 2009. The violence and brutality employed by both sides in the...
U.S. Strategy in Afghanistan: Flawed Assumptions Will Lead to Ultimate Failure
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] On March 25, 2010, hundreds of residents of Marjah looked on as the red and green national flag of Afghanistan was raised by the governor of Helmand Province in a small ceremony in the center of town. Despite pockets of continued...
What U.S. Cyber Command Must Do
In June 2009, the Secretary of Defense announced the creation of U.S. Cyber Command (USCYBERCOM), a new subunified command to be led by the director of the National Security Agency (NSA). While the press colored the announcement with Big Brother undertones...
Will Terrorists Go Nuclear?
Will Terrorists Go Nuclear? By Brian Michael Jenkins Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 2008 457 pp. $26.98 ISBN: 978-1-59102-656-3 [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Condoleezza Rice will be known for many firsts, including being the first African-American...