Joint Force Quarterly

Articles from No. 51, October

Al Qaeda: Refining a Failing Strategy
Al Qaeda's inability to translate its post-9/11 approval in the Muslim world into a mass movement jihad against the West is prompting a search for new ways to regenerate lost momentum, but the group's inherent weaknesses are likely to prevent progress...
Beating Goliath: Why Insurgencies Win
Beating Goliath: Why Insurgencies Win by Jeffrey Record Washington, DC: Potomac Books, 2007 192 pp. $24.95 ISBN-13: 978-1-59797-090-7 [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] A useful critique of Beating Goliath: Why Insurgencies Win might best start by describing...
Beyond Preemption: Force and Legitimacy in a Changing World
Inspector General. Beyond Preemption: Force and Legitimacy in a Changing World Edited by Ivo H. Daalder Washington, DC: Brookings, 2007 190 pp. $19.95 ISBN-13: 978-0-8157-1685-3 [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Beyond Preemption provides a timely assessment...
Carpe DIEM: Seizing Strategic Opportunity in the Arctic
The only thing heating up faster than the Arctic is the international competition by its surrounding nations to solidify their claims and to secure control of the area's valuable resources. At stake is more than 90 percent of the Earth's unclaimed...
Combating WMD Collaboratively
Building international partnerships is a central element of U.S. strategy to combat weapons of mass destruction (WMD). U.S. policy recognizes that the proliferation problem is too large, complex, and urgent for any one nation to tackle alone. Meaningful...
Command and Control of Military Forces in the Homeland
To serve in the National Guard is to accept a dual mission. You can be called on to defend the country against enemies abroad, or to protect lives and property here at home in times of local emergency. (1) --Richard B. Cheney The U.S. military...
Confronting Biological Threats to the Homeland
One of the most important priorities for any government is to protect society from lethal threats. Part of that mission necessarily involves guarding against the havoc that biological forces are capable of wreaking on any population. Such forces...
Decontamination Operations in a Mass Casualty Scenario
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] At 10 a.m. on May 10, 2007, in the northeast corner of metropolitan Indianapolis, near the suburb of Lawrence, a terrorist group smuggled in and detonated a nuclear device. The local, state, and Federal governments were presented...
Defeating Global Networks: The Need for a Strategic Targeting Organization
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Adversaries threaten the United States throughout a complex battlespace ... spanning the global commons.... Within these areas rogue states provide sanctuary to terrorists, protecting them from surveillance and attack. Other...
Developing a Unit Language Capability for War
The Language Enabled Soldier (LES) program is a locally designed and implemented 10-month Arabic language and culture program for selected Stryker Brigade Combat Team (SBCT) Soldiers at Fort Lewis, Washington. The student body ranges in grade from...
DOD and the Nuclear Mission
This article presents an advocacy narrative for the still important contributions that nuclear weapons make to U.S. security and outlines a set of recommendations for how the Department of Defense (DOD) should organize for the nuclear mission. After...
Executive Summary
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Weapons of mass destruction (WMD) are the ultimate instruments of terror. It is Department of Defense policy to dissuade, deter, and defeat those who seek to harm the United States, its citizens, its Armed Forces, and its...
From the Chairman: It's Time for a New Deterrence Model
It is way past time to reexamine our strategic thinking about deterrence. General Vessey's belief in "cleaning clocks," characteristically blunt though it was, summed up nicely the urgency and the intent of our Cold War mentality. Unfortunately, that...
Improving JPME through Interschool Collaboration
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] The degree of interaction among the intermediate colleges might be compared to that between the Services before the Goldwater-Nichols Department of Defense Reorganization Act. Each college is so busy meeting its own requirements...
Information-Driven: Interagency Operations in Afghanistan
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] At the request of Afghanistan's President Hamid Karzai, a team of civilian, military, and coalition scientists, engineers, and support personnel has been collecting hyperspectral data over Afghanistan for the past 2 years....
Joint Doctrine Update: Joint Chiefs of Staff J7 Joint Education and Doctrine Division
The joint doctrine development community (JDDC) recently held the 41st Joint Doctrine Planning Conference (JDPC). This semiannual meeting is hosted by the Joint Staff J7 in support of doctrine for our warfighters. The conference continues its tradition...
Legal Impediments to USAFRICOM Operationalization
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] With the creation of the newest regionally focused unified combatant command, questions arose about the ability of U.S. Africa Command (USAFRICOM) to attain full operationalization. Indeed, from a legal perspective, numerous...
Missile Defense and NATO Security
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Armed with weapons of mass destruction (WMD), the global proliferation of ballistic missiles is introducing more widely the means of modern strategic warfare that were once the purview of only a small number of countries....
Nuclear First Use Prudence or Peril?
Open discussion of the possible first use of nuclear weapons, against terrorists or other targets, is becoming more acceptable in American, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and Russian policy circles. Presumably intended on all sides as an...
Off the Shelf
Although North Korea's recent partial declaration of its nuclear activity and destruction of a cooling tower at a nuclear facility in June allowed resumption of the Six-Party Talks, it would be premature to celebrate these actions as a victory for...
Preparedness for a CBRNE Event
[ILLUSTRATIONS OMITTED] Former Secretary of the Navy Richard Danzig postulates the potential catastrophic effects of bioterrorism on our nation from "reload." (1) Simply put, reload is the ability of an enemy to repeatedly conduct bioterrorism attacks....
Revisiting the Seventies: The Third World Comes of Age
[ILLUSTRATIONS OMITTED] During the 1970s, most young American officers were focused on our sad evacuation from Vietnam, the frightening advances in Soviet intercontinental ballistic missile warheads, or the political cannibalism then consuming leaders...
Terrorist Violence in the New Millennium New Legal Solutions for an Old Nemesis
In addressing the postconflict terrorist threat in Iraq, and the earlier terrorist attacks directed from al Qaeda in September 2001, President George W. Bush was addressing not a new phenomenon, but certainly a level of violence unusual to that genre....
The Global Positioning System: A Case Study in the Challenges of Transformation
[ILLUSTRATIONS OMITTED] The Navigation Satellite Timing and Ranging (NAVSTAR) Global Positioning System (GPS) is one of very few modern innovations that can legitimately claim the overused title "transformational." Like electricity, GPS technology...
The NDU Foundation Congratulates the Winners of the 2008 Writing Competitions!
Secretary of Defense Transformation Essay Competition This competition was established in 2007 to stimulate new approaches to U.S. Government transformation from a broad spectrum of civilian and military students. Essays were to address U.S. Government...
The New Threat of Unconventional Warfare
Current discussions on the nature of nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) warfare inevitably lead to the popular statement that the potential terrorist use of chemical and biological warfare agents, radiological "dirty bombs," and nuclear (CBRN)...
The Road to a New Unified Command
On October 1, 2007, with the confirmation of its first commander, U.S. Africa Command (USAFRICOM) was officially declared at "initial operating capability" (IOC). Shortly thereafter, its newly assigned leadership assembled for a 1-day offsite conference...
The Russian Chechen Wars: Three Lessons for U.S. Defense Planners
The Russian Chechen wars (1994-2000) were the last major conflicts of the 20th century. Though overshadowed by America's amazing success in the first Gulf War and the tragic events of 9/11, Russia's ongoing conflict in Chechnya provides a glimpse into...
Triumph Forsaken: The Vietnam War, 1954-1965
Triumph Forsaken: The Vietnam War, 1954-1965 by Mark Moyar Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006 512 pp. $32.00 ISBN: 0-521-86911-0 [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Ripeness is all," wrote Shakespeare. Mark Moyar has demonstrated the enduring truth...
Unintended Consequences: The United States at War
Unintended Consequences: The United States at War by Kenneth J. Hagan and Ian J. Bickerton London: Reaktion Books, 2007 224 pp. $29.95 ISBN-13: 978-186189-310-9 [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] War is folly, war is futile--at least that is what historians...
U.S. Africa Command and the Principle of Active Security
In 2000, the Zambezi River experienced significant flooding, and the nation of Mozambique was ill equipped to deal with the humanitarian disaster that followed. Homes were swept away, thousands of people were displaced, and 700 perished, leading to...
USAFRICOM: The Militarization of U.S. Foreign Policy?
The U.S. Government is in a unique position to leverage a momentous and historic shift in military focus: that it is now possible to mitigate the conditions that lead to conflict by working with allies and partners to shape the international environment...
USJFCOM Commander's Guidance for Effects-Based Operations
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Herein are my thoughts and commander's guidance regarding effects-based operations (EBO). This article is designed to provide the U.S. Joint Forces Command (USJFCOM) staff with clear guidance and a new direction on how EBO...
Whatever Happened to the "War on Drugs"?
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Two important events last year received little fanfare. First, in March 2007, the U.S. Coast Guard, working with the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) and Panamanian authorities, seized the merchant freighter Gatun, bound...