Joint Force Quarterly

Articles from No. 52, January

A General Airman: Millard Harmon and the South Pacific in World War II
Last summer's forced resignations of U.S. Air Force Secretary Michael Wynne and Chief of Staff T. Michael Moseley scratched old scabs produced by decades of contention between the Air Force and the Nation's wider military establishment. Disputes over...
An Interview with George W. Casey, Jr
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] JFQ: The Army traditionally recruits recent high school graduates. Today, however, fewer younger people meet minimum standards for service, and more are going on to higher education. There is a declining pool of candidates,...
A Strategic Asset for Engagement Enhancing the Role of National Defense University
The recently published National Defense Strategy lists promoting security as one of the five objectives of the Department of Defense (DOD). Certainly one way the United States pursues its national interests is by promoting security within cooperative...
China-Africa Relations in the 21st Century
Over the past decade, while the United States and other Western powers focused on counterterrorism and traditional aid programs in Africa, the People's Republic of China (PRC) developed a broad, unified strategy toward Africa. This policy spans government...
Chinese Disaster Relief Operations Identifying Critical Capability Gaps
The aftermath of the Sichuan earthquake relief efforts has uncovered significant capability gaps in the ability of the People's Liberation Army (PLA) to effectively and rapidly respond to major natural disasters. Exposure of these shortcomings provides...
Death of the Combatant Command? toward a Joint Interagency Approach
In the Afghanistan and Iraq campaigns, one of the most important lessons ... relearned is that military success is not sufficient. ... These so-called soft capabilities along with military power are indispensable to any lasting success, indeed, to...
EBO: There Was No Baby in the Bathwater
We should not be surprised that one of our most combat-seasoned and professionally informed leaders, General James Mattis, USMC, who commands U.S. Joint Forces Command (USJFCOM), recently issued a memorandum that calls for an end to the effects-based...
Effects-Based Operations: Combat Proven
In issue 51 of Joint Force Quarterly, the commander of U.S. Joint Forces Command (USJFCOM), General James Mattis, USMC, published an article indicating that the "ideas reflected in EBO [effects-based operations], ONA [operational net assessment], and...
Executive Summary
We've converted from a conventional force to focus on counterinsurgency. That said, I think we've got to broaden our training and readiness with respect to full spectrum conflicts, put in balance the counterinsurgency requirement, which is very much...
Gaming the 21st Century: National Strategic Gaming Center
Welcome to a new series on simulation and gaming in Joint Force Quarterly. With this column, the National Strategic Gaming Center (NSGC) at the National Defense University (NDU) intends to reach out to the community of simulation and gaming practitioners,...
Hybrid Warfare and Challenges
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] The U.S. military faces an era of enormous complexity. This complexity has been extended by globalization, the proliferation of advanced technology, violent transnational extremists, and resurgent powers. America's vaunted...
Inside the Detention Camps: A New Campaign in Iraq
The United States invaded Iraq in 2003 without a detailed plan for handling large numbers of detainees in counterinsurgency (COIN) warfare. One consequence of this situation was the debacle at Abu Ghraib prison that surfaced in 2004. Since then, the...
Irregular Warfare Is Warfare
Violent extremism is the most likely and dangerous threat the Nation will face between now and 2020. U.S. superiority in conventional warfighting has driven our adversaries to avoid direct military confrontation. The 2006 Quadrennial Defense Review...
Irregular Warfare Lessons Learned: Reforming the Afghan National Police
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Irregular warfare is defined as a violent struggle among state and non-state actors for legitimacy and influence over the relevant populations.... [T]hese campaigns will fail if waged by military means alone. (1) The Afghan...
Joint Doctrine Update: Joint Chiefs of Staff J7 Joint Education and Doctrine Division
The Joint Staff/J7 (JS/J7), in concert with the joint doctrine development community (JDDC), remains on the leading edge of capturing today's lessons learned and best practices in joint doctrine to best equip the joint warfighter of today and tomorrow....
Let's Build an Army to Win All Wars
The U.S. Army officer corps has not seriously debated the content of the many doctrinal field manuals (FM) published over the past 2 years (for example, FM 3-24, Counterinsurgency, FM3-0, Operations, and FM 3-07, Stability Operations and Support Operations)....
Let's Win the Wars We're In
Your mission remains fixed, determined, inviolable. It is to win our wars. --General Douglas MacArthur (1) A stunning if predictable development in the military community over the past 2 years has been the backlash against the promulgation of counterinsurgency...
"Military-Political" Relations: The Need for Officer Education
The Provincial Reconstruction Team experience in Afghanistan and Iraq demonstrates that, where inadequate civilian capacity to deploy for post-conflict stabilization and reconstruction operations exists, military and Department of Defense civilian...
Mobile Nuclear Power for Future Land Combat
In this article, we introduce the concept of survivable, non-fossil fuel powerplants that can be transported to remote theaters of operation. Our rationale arises from a sense of urgency for countering two emerging threats facing land forces today:...
"Operationalizing" Legal Requirements for Unconventional Warfare
The war on terror was clearly not contemplated when the four Geneva Conventions, addressing wars between national entities, were signed in 1949.1 The violence in Iraq currently perpetrated by al Qaeda and dissident elements of the former regime is...
Reconstructing Iraq's Provinces, One by One
The Provincial Reconstruction Teams (PRTs) in Iraq have a common purpose: to bring about, within each province, the coalition's overall goals for Iraq--a peaceful, prosperous society, able to sustain and defend its political and economic system without...
Shoulder to Shoulder: The Marine Corps and Air Force in Combat
In the spring of 2009, the U.S. Air Force will host the next Marine Corps-Air Force Warfighter Talks, the third in an annual series of high-level discussions between the two Services. Last year, 31 general officers of three- and four-star rank, including...
Systems versus Classical Approach to Warfare
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Since the mid-1990s, a systems (or systemic) approach to warfare emerged gradually as the dominant school of thought in the U.S. military, most other Western militaries, and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). This...
Teaching Strategy in the 21st Century
With a good strategy, even the weak can succeed; with a weak strategy, even the strong will struggle. Strategy is, and will continue to be, the linchpin to military success. Unfortunately, professional military education (PME) does not develop strategists...
The National Defense Strategy: Striking the Right Balance
The defining principle driving our strategy is balance. Balance is not the same as treating all challenges as having equal priority. We cannot expect to eliminate risk through higher defense budgets--in effect, "to do everything, buy everything." Resources...
U.S. Africa Command: Value Added
While working and living in Africa during my service as foreign policy advisor to U.S. European Command (USEUCOM), I have gained a hands-on appreciation for how the U.S. military employs geographic combatant commands (GCCs). Contrary to the views of...
Victory from the Prism of Jihadi Culture
Victory in warfare, classically defined by Carl von Clausewitz, can be reduced to a simple formula: one protagonist forced to fulfill another's will. Though a straightforward maxim on the surface, when applied to the West's struggle with the global...
What I Have Learned about the Army
Our Army is the center of gravity for the U.S. military--and this center includes the Guard and Reserves. It is the best and most combat-hardened Army that the Nation has ever known--indeed, the world has ever known. And we must do all we can to make...
Why USAFRICOM?
The new geographic military command for Africa--U.S. Africa Command (USAFRICOM)--is an attempt to provide a solution to a felt problem. With laudable intentions, its creators are attempting to improve U.S. Government efforts in Africa by coordinating...
Wired for War? Robots and Military Doctrine
The growth in our use of unmanned systems has taken place so rapidly that we often forget how far we have come in just a short time. While U.S. forces went into Iraq with only a handful of drones in the air (all of V Corps had just one), by the end...